Jack JENKINS Nell JENKINS John Cullen JENKINS William Sanford JENKINS Mary Lydie JENKINS Amanda Lucinda JENKINS Margurette Catherine JENKINS Joseph Asa JENKINS Lucinda Amanda TAYLOR Henry JENKINS Louisa TAYLOR Who JENKINSWIFE Mini tree diagram
Joseph Sanford JENKINS

Joseph Sanford JENKINS1,8,2,10,9,13,12,14,15,16

14th Oct 18261,2 - 26th May 18933,4

Life History

14th Oct 1826

Born in South Carolina.1,2

about 1843

Resident Children were born in Miss at 1845 (Nell) thru abt 1850; source 1860 Cass Co TX census; moved from Miss abt 1850-1853, apparently in GA abt 1859 in Mississippi.5,6


Married Lucinda Amanda TAYLOR in Mississippi.3


Birth of daughter Nell JENKINS in Mississippi.6,3,18

4th Dec 1850

Birth of son John Cullen JENKINS in Mississippi.19,6,20,21,22,23


Birth of son William Sanford JENKINS in Georgia.6,24

about 1853

Resident Three children born in Georgia abt 1853, 1857 and 1859; source 1860 census in Cass Co TX.  We don't know why he moved his family to Georgia for these years. in Georgia.5,6

20th Jan 1857

Birth of daughter Mary Lydie JENKINS in Georgia.25,3,26,27,6,28,19


Resident When J S Moved back to Texas, he lived for a while near Jefferson's Landing, not far from Dalton, where he moved before the 1860 census; last child rptd in that census was born in GA abt 1859 in Jefferson's Landing, Marion, Texas.7,3,2

31st May 1859

Birth of daughter Amanda Lucinda JENKINS in Georgia.25,29,30,31,3,6,32,33


Resident near Dalton; they apparently rented lodging, then later bought a farm in the same area; JS was listed in the 1867 as having no real estate.  In 1874 he had the farm, former owner T Ward. He was in the Dalton area till abt 1890. in Cass County, Texas.2

6th Jan 1862

Birth of daughter Margurette Catherine JENKINS in Dalton, Cass, Texas.27,34,35,3,36

28th Jun 1866

Birth of son Joseph Asa JENKINS in Dalton, Cass, Texas.37,38,39,1,40,41,42,43,44,45,19,19,19


Resident After 1860, Cass County was renamed to Davis County, but the name was changed back before the 1870 census.  Joseph & his family are not found in the 1870 census. in Davis County, Texas.8


Resident Poll Tax Rolls in Davis County, Texas.10

about Jan 1869

Death of Lucinda Amanda TAYLOR in Dalton, Cass, Texas.3,39,19

before 1870

Death of daughter Nell JENKINS in Cass County, Texas.17,6

7th Mar 1872

Married Louisa TAYLOR in Cass County, Texas.3,46,47,1,48


Resident 1873 Cass County tax rolls, along with his son J C (Cullen) & an unidentified John Jenkins; Joseph's farm was formerly owned by Thomas Wood in Cass County, Texas.13


Resident 1874 County Tax Rolls; J S Jenkins, farm bought from T Wood, value $300; W S Jenkins, no land; J C Jenkins, no land in Cass County, Texas.9


Resident 1875 Cass County Tax Rolls, J S is listed with his son W S and his recent 2nd wife Louisa (Christian) Jenkins. in Cass County, Texas.16


Birth of son Henry JENKINS in Bryans Mill, Cass, Texas.3,39


Resident 1877 County Tax Rolls, with L (Louisa Christian) Jenkins, J C Jenkins and unidentified T L Jenkins in Cass County, Texas.15


Resident On tax rolls, owning no property, and only $15 worth of personal property.  Son John Cullen likewise had no property. in Cass County, Texas.14

before Jun 1880

Death of son Henry JENKINS in Bryans Mill, Cass, Texas.3,39

about 1888

Death of son William Sanford JENKINS in Bowie, Montague, Texas.3


Resident 1889 tax roll for Cass County; listed together with his son J C (Cullen); his son JA (Joseph Asa) was reported on the next page. in Cass County, Texas.12

between 1890 and 1900

Death of Louisa TAYLOR in Cass County, Texas.46,3


Resident 1890 tax rolls, on land formerly owned by S D Wright, sons Joseph Asa and John Cullen on the land formerly owned by Thomas Woods, where J S was reported in 1873 and 1874. Last record in Cass County is the 1890 tax roll. in Cass County, Texas.11

about 1890

Resident J S moved to Chickasaw Nation with his son Joseph Asa abt 1890; They went north thru Bowie Co, crossed the Red River by ferry into Choctaw Nation, then west to Chickasaw, first to Healdton, then settled in Marlow, where J S died in 1893. -- Various sources in Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.3

22nd Feb 1892

Death of son John Cullen JENKINS in Dalton, Cass, Texas.19,20,21,22

26th May 1893

Died in Marlow, Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.3,4

after 26th May 1893

Buried in Marlow Cemetery, Marlow, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.3,4


  • The parents of Joseph Sanford Jenkins have not been determined.  The name Sanford as a first or middle given name is found in other Jenkins family lines in Virginia and North Carolina, as well as South Carolina, where Joseph Sanford was born, according to family information and census reports.

    One such line is the lineage of William Jenkins, born about 1675, probably in Virginia, where he was married and raised his family.  HIs descendants have an individual named Sanford in every generation up to the present era.  It seems quite likely this is related to the same broader Jenkins clan that Joseph Sanford belongs to.
    --  William Sanford Jenkins, Jenkins Research, http://www.jenkinsresearch.org/william0001.htm

    The family's name was spelled Jinkins in the 1860 Federal Census, Cass County, Texas.  There were many Jinkins families in Texas at that time, and some families still spell the name this way.  This spelling is also found in UK families.

    Harold Christian was the first person to fully probe the Jenkins family sources to compile a story of Joseph Sanford's family.  In the private paper Jenkins Family History, Harold says about Joseph's arrival in Texas (p 7):

    "Harvey Christian recalled having been told by Joseph Asa, Joseph's youngest son, that Joseph Sanford moved his family into Texas on a flatboat -- landing at Jefferson's Landing, Jefferson, Marion County, Texas.  Joseph freighted supplies for a time from Jefferson's Landing to Atlanta in Northeast Cass County, possibly before moving to the Dalton area."
    --  Harold K Christian, "Jenkins Family History," p 7, http://objgenealogy.com/articles/josephsanfordjenkinshistory.pdf

    They may not have been in the Jefferson Landing area very long, since in the 1860 census their child L Jenkins is reported born in Georgia.  And they are resident in Cass County just north of Marion County, by October 1860 for the census there.

    Note also that in the 1860 census, the name is recorded as Jno, an abbreviation for John. The details of the family fit the known family of Joseph Sanford Jenkins.  Errors in names are common in the censuses.  I have not found Joseph in the 1850 or 1870 censuses.

    The 1860 census reports JS's age as 32; the 1880 Federal Census, Cass County, Texas, reports Joseph Sanford's age as 52.  This would consistently put his birth year at 1828.  Other sources, however, indicate a birth year of 1826.  Ancestry.com estimates 1825.  My date is the actual date as recorded in family records.

    1860 Federal Census, Cass County, Texas, 17 October, Beat #3, Post Office Unionville & Cusseta, Page 73, Hse #483, Fam #495
    Jinkins Jno 32 M W Farmer 300 SC Cannot read and write
    Jinkins L 36 F W MS
    Jinkins N 14 F W MS Attended school during the last year
    Jinkins J W 10 M W MS Attended school during the last year [b abt 1850]
    Jinkins W L 7 M W GA [b abt 1853]
    Jinkins M L 3 F W GA [b abt 1857]
    Jinkins L 1 F W GA [b abt 1859]

    Their nearest Post Office was Cussetta and Unionville.

    CUSSETA, TEXAS. Cusseta is on the fringes of the Cusseta Mountains 11½  miles northwest of Linden in northwestern Cass County. The community was first settled in the early 1850s and was named for Cusseta, Alabama, the hometown of John Robin Heard, an early settler.  A post office was established there in 1856, and the town was probably a supply point for plantation owners who lived in the area.  By 1884 Cusseta reported two gins, a gristmill, a school, and a population of 100.  By 1896 its population had fallen to fifty. In 1914 the population of the community was 100, but by 1933 it had fallen to sixty, with two rated businesses. In 1990 Cusseta reported thirty residents and no rated businesses. The population remained the same in 2000.

    Bibliography: Cass County Cemeteries: Texas Records (Atlanta,Texas: Cass County Genealogical Society, 1976).

    Cecil Harper, Jr.
    --  The Handbook of Texas Online, http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/sma_blank.png

    Note that J W was born in Mississippi in about 1849-50 and the next child W L was born in Georgia about 1853.  Analyzing the birth states of the children here, assuming this is correct, we can determine that they moved from Mississippi between 1850 and 1853, and were apparently resident in Georgia through to about 1859.  They moved to Texas in time to be enumerated in the Cass County census in October 1860.

    This census, as well as 1880, confirms the family information that Joseph Sanford Jenkins is from the South Carolina Jenkins clan.  I have been unable to identify the exact family of Joseph Sanford in South Carolina.  The names Joseph, John and Sanford, occur in various combinations among the Jenkins families of North and South Carolina.

    Jenkins families in North Carolina also report that their family traditions tell them they have kinfolks in South Carolina, but they have not found the exact connections either.  The name Jenkins is very common in the Carolinas, as well as in Virginia and Kentucky.  Families from many of these lines moved west and found themselves in the same counties of Texas and Indian Territory.  Some came into Oklahoma from Missouri.

    We know that the Jenkinses were in South Carolina before the Revolutionary War.  It is likely there were several unrelated streams of migrations from Wales and England at that time.  I have found several families of Jenkins or Jinkins from South Carolina in north Texas counties from 1860  to 1880 of an age to be Joseph's brothers, cousins and uncles.  No connection has yet been established.

    Also in this 1860 household are Nancy Day, sister of Lucinda Taylor, and her daughter L E:
    Day Nancy A 35 F W MS
    Day L E 9 F W MS Attended school during the last year

    There is some uncertainty about the period in Mississippi, with various family stories or references to kinfolks in Mississippi.  Joseph Sanford's birth date from our family records (October 14, 1826) would mean was only 19 when he married Lucinda, making the marriage in about 1845.  He was said to have married and fathered 2 daughters in MS before marrying Lucinda.

    At age 19, that does not leave much time for a first wife before Lucinda.  Perhaps any earlier children were illegitimate.  The Cass County branch of the family have a tradition that Joseph Sanford was married to two women simultaneously, maintaining two families at once, one in Mississippi and one with Lucinda in Texas.

    Yet Harold says, "Lucinda is believed to have married Joseph Sanford while still in Mississippi and shortly before 1850, the place and year in which John C. Jenkins was born. He is believed to be their first child."
    --  Harold K Christian, "Jenkins Family History," p 4, http://objgenealogy.com/articles/josephsanfordjenkinshistory.pdf

    Harold appears to be trying here to account for the first wife story.  If he was married before he married Lucinda, and the Oct 1826 birth date indicates he was married at age 19, it seems more likely that would have been the time of marriage to his first wife.

    If he did marry Lucinda at age 19, in 1845, then Nell would be Lucinda's daughter, not the daughter of a previous wife.  If Joseph and Lucinda married in 1849, Joseph would have been about 23 at that time, and this could accommodate a previous wife before he married Lucinda (not two wives at once), who could be the mother of Nell and the other Mississippi daughter referred to in the family tradition.

    In 1865 and 1867, J S was listed in the Cass County Tax Rolls, owning no real estate.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, No Real or Personal property assesed, Total $1.00 [sic], poll tax $1, County Tax $.50
    1865 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 12

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, personal property $200, tax on personal $.30, poll tax $1, Total $1.30, County Tax $.65
    1867 Tax Assessment, David (Cass) County, p 10

    J S Jenkins is registered in the voter rolls of Davis County (Cass was renamed briefly after the Civil War, but named back to Cass later), July 22, 1868 J S Jenkins.

    J S is on the poll tax roll of 1869 for Davis County.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, poll tax $1
    1869 Poll Tax Roll
    Davis County

    We know Joseph bought land in 1869 in Cass County, and he was back there later, but no record has been found of his presence in 1870.  The land transaction is recorded in 1869 (no date) in Texas Deeds, Bk S, p.#283, in which W B Jones et al transferred land to J S Jenkins.  The 1873 and 1874 tax rolls report he owned a farm previously owned by original grantee T Wood.  In later years, his sons J C and J A also are reported on land from Thomas Wood.

    Lucinda Amanda Taylor Jenkins died between 1868 and 1870.  Jimmy Epperson's genealogy reports the date as 1867.  But her son Joseph Asas tells ofhis memory of being at the funeral and being comforted by a neighbor at the burial.  He was not born until June 1966.  So he would not have remembred anything form 1867.

    Reports from siblings about their memory of this event in relation to other events indicate a date of 1868 or 1869.  This family has not been found in any census in 1870.  It is possible they were traveling at the time of the 1870 census.  But they were in Cass County in 1868 and 1869.

    "Following Lucinda's death Joseph Sanford apparently left Cass County for a short time.  His family was not enumerated in the 1870 Cass County, Texas, census.  There is no indication that he terminated his residence there, however, he was listed on July 22, 1866, Cass County voter registration list.  He purchased land in 1869.  He was remarried to Mrs. Louisa Christian of Cass County February 28, 1972."
    --  Harold Christian, "Jenkins Family History," p 9, http://objgenealogy.com/articles/josephsanfordjenkinshistory.pdf

    That leaves a small window of time in which they could have been actually out of the County.  They did somehow miss the 1870 census.  It may be that they traveled out of the area to Mississippi where they had kinfolks during this time.  I have searched in Mississippi and even Georgia, where they lived at one time, but have found no trace nor any connection to other Jenkinses in any of the areas, nor Taylors that might match.

    Joseph and his family were back in Cass County at least by March 1872, when Joseph married his second wife (or third, according to unconfirmed stories of a wife in Mississippi before Lucinda), Louisa Christian on 7 March.

    While Harold Christian cited above reported that Joseph and Louisa married in February 1872, their marriage record reports the date of 7 March 1872.

    The information reported by family sources with the date in February 1872 is found in another database of Texas marriages.  Only the transcribed record is available.  No image of the original handwritten record has been found with the Ferbruary date.

    Texas, Select County Marriage Index, 1837-1965
    Louisa Christian
    J S Jenkines
    Marriage 28 Feb 1872 Cass County, Texas, United States

    From the format of varioius state marriage databases, I conclude that the following record reporting the February date is reporting the date of the marriage license.  This would match the marriage date reported in the actual recorded marriage record.

    The marriage record found in Texas records had the date of 7 March 1872.

    Texas Marriages, 1851-1900
    J S Jenkins
    Mrs Louisa Christian
    Marriage 7 Mar 1872 Cass County, Texas

    In 1873, J S and his son J C were reported in the tax rolls.  This record and the corresponding one for 1874 indicate that J S owns a farm originally owned by Thomas Wood.  A John Jenkins is also reported on the same page, but his identity is unclear.  This may be a brother of J S.  No siblings or parents have been identified for J S.  This John Jenkins appears again only in the 1875 tax record, listed next to J C, owning no land or personal property.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J C Jenkins, personal property $130, tax on personal $.60, poll tax $.50
    J S Jenkins, abstract #1013, original owner Thomas Wood, 350 acres, $300 Real Estate value, personal property $180, tax on RE $1.50, tax on personal $.90, poll tax $1, Total $3.40
    John Jenkins, personal property $40, tax on personal $.20, poll tax $.50
    1873 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 31

    Joseph and his sons John Cullen and William S were reported in the 1874 tax roll.  John Jenkins does not appear on this or neighboring pages, but reappears in the 1875 roll.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J C Jenkins, personal property $80, tax on personal $.40, poll tax $1, Total $1.40
    J A Jenkins, abstract #658, original owner T Wood, 350 acres, $300 Real Estate value, personal property $180, tax on RE $1.50, tax on personal $.90, poll tax $1, Total $3.40
    J S Jenkins, Agt for, personal property $65, tax on RE $.30, tax on personal $.30, no poll tax, Total $.30
    W S Jenkins, no details
    1874 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 44

    In 1875, J S, J A and W S are all listed together on the same page, all owning land.  J S's new wife Louisa Christian, is also reported as a land owner.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, abstract #1013, original owner T Wood, 215 acres, $400 Real Estate value, personal property $140, Total $540, tax ad valorem $2.70, poll tax $1.00, total tax $3.70
    W S Jenkins, No Real Estate, personal property $65, tax ad valorem $.32, poll tax $1.00, Total $1.32
    Louise [Louisa] Jenkins, abstract #1076, original owner H Millsap, 160 acres;  $300 Real Estate value, total value $433, tax ad valorem $2.16, no poll tax, Total Tax $2.16
    1875 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 45

    J C and John, who appeared in 1873, are together on the next page, neither owning land, and John owning no personal property at all.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J C Jenkins, personal property $130, tax on personal $.65 poll tax $1.00, Total $1.65
    John Jenkins, no personal property, poll tax $1.00, total Tax $1.00
    1875 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 46

    In 1878, J S and J C are again listed, but neither is reported owning any real estate.  Another Jenkins named T L on the same page has not been identified.  This T L and John Jenkins seem very likely to be relatives of Joseph Sanford, and warrant further investigation.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    T L Jenkins, abstract #1137, original owner Thos Young, 30 acres, Real Estate value $150, Total property value $203, tax ad valorem $1.01, poll tax $2, County tax $2.21, Total $5.22
    J S Jenkins, [no property ownership reported] Total property value $16, tax ad valorem $.08, poll tax $2, County tax $1.10, Total $3.18
    J C Jenkins, [no property ownership reported] Total property value $520, tax ad valorem $2.60, poll tax $4, County tax $5.12, Total $11.72
    1878 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 46

    In 1879 another Jenkins name is reported on the Cass County tax rolls.  This is one Elijah Jenkins.  This may be a relative of Joseph Sanford Jenkins.  J S's son John Cullen named one of his sons Ebby Elijah.  On the same page of the tax rolls was a J A Jenkins, but this would be too early for J S's son Joseph Asa to be reported on tax rolls in his own name.  J A was born in 1866, so would have been only about 13 in June 1879.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    Jenkins, Elijah, no personal property, state poll tax $2.00, county poll tax $1.00, Total Tax $3.00
    Jenkins, J A, no personal property, state poll tax $2.00, county poll tax $1.00, Total Tax $3.00
    1879 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 45

    No connection has been made between Joseph Sanford and other Jenkins families in Cass and surrounding counties.  There is a Daniel Jenkins of an age to be a brother or cousin of JS Jenkins.  He married in 1855, so was probably married about 1835 to 1838.  No clear origins have been determined for Daniel or other Jenkinses in the area.

    Cass County Marriages, 1855-1874
    Daniel Jenkins
    Emily A Babb
    Married 12/25/1855
    Marriage Book Vol 2, pages 44 & 45
    --  US GenWeb, http://files.usgwarchives.net/tx/cass/vitals/marriages/early/vol2-3.txt

    Many efforts have been put out to find Jenkins connections to clarify Joseph Sanford's origins and relations that may have moved westward as he did.  Harold Christian probed possibilities and investigated likely connections form the sources available to him.

    A T. C. McJinkins and wife, ages 35 and 33 respectively, along with one male child, with a Duncan Post Office, is listed in the 1890 Census Roll of the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory (Oklahoma), (page 22, Pickens County).  (This record is in the possession of the Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.)  Also listed as having a Duncan Post Office address was a (?). S(?). Jinkins, age 45 and alone.

    The above T. C. McJinkins could have been a nephew of  Joseph Sanford.

    Sallie Christian said she remembered a Tom Jenkins, a doctor, who visited her father's home in Marlow, then Indian Territory (Oklahoma), ca 1897.  Joseph Asa told her this Jenkins was his cousin.  While there Dr. Jenkins removed a bone felon from the finger of her mother, Hester Ann (Smith) Jenkins.  As a result of the operation, Hester Ann subsequently was unable to close that finger.  This Dr. Jenkins could be related to one of the Cass County, Texas, doctors identified in the late 1800s land record entries of that county (Dr. H. L. D. Jenkins, and F. H. Jenkins, M.D.).
    --  The Jenkins Family History, by Harold Keith Christian, p 2, http://objgenealogy.com/articles/josephsanfordjenkinshistory.pdf

    I found another record that relates to one of the names in Harold's information.  OKGenWeb compiled cemetery records reports one burial record in the Duncan, Stephens County, Oklahoma, Cemetery that appears to be the ATC McJunkins in Harold's story.  The name on the grave is transcribed as TG instead of TC, which may be the same person.

    McJunkin, T. G. -- Jun 15, 1856 - Oct 7, 1899; Duncan Municipal Cemetery, Block 05, may be T. C. rather than T. G.
    [This matches the A T C McJinkins Harold refers to in his history]
    --  Karla Sharp, OKGenWeb, http://stephenscogen.org/~okstephe/DuncanCemB05.html

    Family Tradition recalls that Joseph Sanford participated in the Civil War on the side of the Confederacy.  In the 1970s Harold Keith Christian reported in the "Jenkins Family History."

    "Apparently Joseph's family remained in the Dalton area during the Civil War, because both Kate and Joseph Asa were born there.  Family tradition indicates that Joseph served as a spy for the Confederate Forces during the Civil War.  No information has been discovered to date indicating when, where and with what units he might have served."
    --  The Jenkins Family History, by Harold Keith Christian, p 8, http://objgenealogy.com/articles/josephsanfordjenkinshistory.pdf

    In the 1880 Census of Cass County, Texas, the name is Joseph Jenkins.

    1880 Federal Census, Cass County, Texas, 16 June, District 12, Precinct 3, Page 17, House and Family #144
    Jenkins, Joseph  W M 52 Farmer  SC SC SC
    Jenkins, Louisa  W F 42 Wife Keeps House  Miss Miss Ireland
    Jenkins, Mary L  W F 21 Daughter Farming  Ga SC Miss
    Jenkins, Lucinda  W F 19 Daughter Farming  Ga SC Miss
    Jenkins, Margaret C  W F 17 Daughter Farming  Tx SC Miss
    Jenkins, Joe Asa  W M 16 Son Farming  Tx SC Miss

    Note that Lucinda is reported to be only 19 years old, but born in Georgia.  But in the 1860 census, when the family was enumerated in Texas, "L Jinkins" was reported to be already 1 year old, born in Georgia.  Thus in 1880, we would expect Lucinda to be age 21, not 19.  Mary Lydie is similarly reported 2 years younger than we would expect, since she was already 3 in the 1860 census.

    A son Henry is known to family tradition and his burial site is on Mitchell Farm, near Dalton, Cass County, Texas.  His birth date is known from family sources to be 1876, but he does not appear with this family in the 1880 census.  Thus we know he died some time before June 1880.  No death date appears on his crude gravestone on the Mitchell farm in Cass County.  See notes at the end from Harold Christian.

    In 1880, son John Jenkins is living in the next house.

    1880 Federal Census, Cass County, Texas, 16 June, District 12, Precinct 3, Page 17, House and Family #145
    Jenkins, John  W M 30  Farmer  Miss SC Miss (born 1850)
    Jenkins, Julia  W  F 22  Wife Keeps House GA  GA  SC (born 1858)
    Jenkins,  Ira    W  M  1  Son  Tex Miss GA (born 1879)

    Both Joseph and John were listed in the county's agricultural schedule for the 1880 census.  Joseph was listed there as Josephus.

    U.S., Selected Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880
    Agricultural Schedule, 16 Jun  1880, Cass County, Texas, Precinct 3, District 12, Page 11, Line Number 9
    Jenkins Josephus [sic] Owns 40 acres tilled, 170 ac woodland $600 value land & improvements, $50 implements, $650 livestock, $800 total value
    Jenkins John Owns 0 acres tilled, 100 ac woodland $100 value land & improvements

    Joseph and his son John Cullen were listed together in the 1889 and 1890 Cass County Tax Rolls.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910
    J S Jenkins, abstract #1122, original owner S D Wright, 100 acres, Real Estate value $200, Total property value $265, tax ad valorem $.55, School tax $.33, poll tax $nil, County tax $1.46, Total $2.32
    J C Jenkins, abstract #49, original owner R M Burton, 96 acres;  Real Estate value $200, Total property value $407, tax ad valorem $.81, School tax $.51, poll tax $1.50, County tax $2.24, Total $5.31
    1889 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 62.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, abstract #1122, original owner S D Wright, 100 acres, $150 Real Estate value, personal property $258, tax on RE $1.42, tax on personal $.52, poll tax $1.50, Total $225
    J A Jenkins, abstract #1013, original owner Thomas Wood, 25 acres, $400 Real Estate value, personal property $226, tax on RE $1.24, tax on personal $.45, poll tax $1.50, Total $372
    J C Jenkins, abstract #1141, original owner Thomas Wood, 82 acres;  abstract #49, original owner R M Burton, 94 acres;  total $217 Real Estate value, personal property $555, tax on RE $3.05, tax on personal $1.11, poll tax $1.50, Total Tax $660
    1890 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 59

    Texas, County Tax Rolls
    J S Jenkins, abstract #1122, original owner S D Wright, 100 acres, $150 Real Estate value, personal property $258, tax on RE $1.42, tax on personal $.52, poll tax $1.50, Total $225
    J A Jenkins, abstract #1013, original owner Thomas Wood, 25 acres, $400 Real Estate value, personal property $226, tax on RE $1.24, tax on personal $.45, poll tax $1.50, Total $372
    J C Jenkins, abstract #1141, original owner Thomas Wood, 82 acres;  abstract #49, original owner R M Burton, 94 acres;  total $217 Real Estate value, personal property $555, tax on RE $3.05, tax on personal $1.11, poll tax $1.50, Total Tax $660
    1890 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 59R M Burton, 96 acres;  Real Estate value $200, Total property value $407, tax ad valorem RE $.81, School tax $.51, poll tax $1.50, County tax $2.24, Total $5.31
    1889 Tax Assessment, Cass County, p 62

    In about 1890 Joseph Sanford Jenkins moved with his son Joseph Asa to Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. Family researcher Harold Christian reports the story from the perspective of Joseph Asa, indicating that JA moved to Indian Territory together with two of his brothers-in-law, one of whom was Joseph Sanford's stepson, Joseph Benjamin Christian.

    At this time Joseph Sanford was about 65, and Joseph Asa was about 25. Joseph Asa settled near Marlow, in what is now Stephens County, Oklahoma.  Joseph Sanford died there on 26 May 1893 and is buried in the Marlow Cemetery.

    No word is mentioned about Louisa in the memories of this move, and the statement we have from Joseph Asa himself in 1952 make mention of his stepmother in reference to that move.  They were still in Cass County in the actual year of 1890, with J S, J A and J C all appearing on the same page of the tax rolls in Cass County.  Christian family memory seems to indicate that Louisa died about 1900, when J B Christian is reported to have returned to Cass County to sell the farm.

    "The Christians [sic] children ... Their mother, Louisa, married a second time, J. S. Jenkins, March 7, 1872, and had one son, Henry.  After her death in 1900, Joseph Benjamin Christian sold the family farm to Lonzo Hicks.  Family tradition states that there is a lineage connection to the Hensley family but this has not been proven."
    --  Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 22 August 1971, p 9 G

    But Louisa appears in a couple of tax rolls with J S and other Jenkins family members in the 1870s, but none in the late 1870s or later.  She may have died before the move to Indian Territory.  It may still be the case that the Christian farm was not sold until around 1900, but for other reasons.

    Joseph Sanford Jenkins
    Birth Oct 14, 1826 South Carolina
    Death May 26, 1893 Marlow, Stephens County, Oklahoma

    Joseph Sanford Jenkins' family origins are unknown. Censuses tell us he was born in South Carolina, where Jenkinses are extremely numerous. Other Jenkins families are found in the same period in counties around Cass County, but no connection has been found.

    They were in Texas before the Civil War, but no military record for Joseph has been found. Some vague memories in the family suggest he served the Union, perhaps as a spy or undercover worker.

    His first wife was Lucinda Amanda Taylor, born in Mississippi. They married in Mississippi in about 1845. No connection has been found for Lucinda to other Taylors in Mississippi or East Texas. Their first two children were born in Mississippi:
    Nell in about 1846, according to her reported age of 14 in 1860
    John Cullen 4 Dec 1850

    There was some suggestion in vague family memory that Nell was the daughter of another mother, and that there were other children in Mississippi. It was suggested that Joseph had been married before marrying Lucinda.

    But he would have been on 20 years old or less when he is thought to have married Lucinda in about 1845. Also their marriage was before it appears Nell was born. Another version suggests that he carried on a common-law marriage or concubinage marriage simultaneously with his marriage to Lucinda.

    In 1851 or 1852 they moved to Georgia for a few years, where three of the children were born, we think in the Atlanta area:
    William Sanford in 1853
    Mary Lyde or Mary Lou 20 Jan 1857
    Amanda Lucinda 31 May 1859

    They moved to Cass County, Texas, before the 1860 census. Two children were born there:
    Margaret or Magurette Catherine 6 Jan 1862
    Joseph Asa 28 June 1866.

    Lucinda died in about January 1869. Joseph and his family were not in the 1870 census, probably because Lucinda had died shortly before the census and they may have traveled back to Mississippi or Georgia for a visit.

    On 7 March 1872 Joseph married Louisa Christian, widowed in about 1870 when her husband Joseph Benjamin Christian died.  In 1876 they had one son named Henry who died as an infant.  He was buried on one of the farms, now the Mitchell farm.

    The Christians lived on an adjoining farm, and after they married Joseph Jenkins and Louisa Christian Jenkins maintained their two homesteads. It is uncertain when Louisa died, but it was probably before 1890, when Joseph joined his son Joseph Asa Jenkins in moving into Indian Territory. Other children stayed in Cass County or moved out to other parts of Texas.

    One of Louisa's sons, Joseph Benjamin Christian Jr, who had married Joseph Asa's wife's sister, had moved to Chickasaw Nation along with Joseph Asa's sister, Margaret Catherine and her husband Nelson Winter. These three couples moved together or Joseph Asa followed shortly after the first two had moved.

    They traveled north across the Red River into Choctaw Nation, then westward into Chickasaw Nation. Joseph Sanford died in or near Marlow in 1893 and is buried in the Marlow Cemetery. Joseph Asa and his family lived there for some time, and then in Ft Cobb and Mt View before moving to Chickasha after 1935.

    Spouse Lucinda Amanda Taylor Jenkins (1824 - 1869)
    Children (for whom there are FAG memorials):
    Mary Lou [Lydie] Jenkins Chapel (1867 - 1929)
    John Cullen Jenkins (1850 - 1892)
    Amanda Lucinda Jenkins Christian (1859 - 1948)
    Joseph Asa Jenkins (1866 - 1962)
    Mary Lou Jenkins Chapel (1867 - 1929)
    Henry Jenkins (1876 - 1880)

    Burial Marlow Cemetery, Marlow, Stephens County, Oklahoma
    Created by Bev Dec 20, 2004
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #10158854, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10158854

    Notes from R. Christian Genealogy

    Ref: (Sallie H. Jenkins): "..Poppa said he had half brothers and sisters in MS whom he had never seen."

    Ref: (Harvey Leon Christian): "Grandpa told me that his father moved by barge up to Jefferson Landing (TX, Marion County). He later freighted supplies between Jefferson and Atlanta (TX, Cass County)."

    Ref: (Thomas Asa Jenkins): "... heard that grandpapa was an undercover man -- possibly a spy, for the Confederates. ...never heard what General he worked for; nor what unit he was assigned to."

    Ref: TX, Cass, List of Registered Voters of Davis (Cass) County, State of Texas: #267 July 22, 1868 J. S. Jenkins S.C. Mark.

    Ref: TX, Cass, Deeds, Bk S, p.#283: Land transferred from W. B. Jones et al to J. S. Jenkins; 1869.

    Ref: JENKINS #001 (C. I. Christian): "Grandpa told me about the time when he was a young boy. His dad was moving the family across Arkansas by wagon. Times were hard and his father (Joseph Sanford) had to stop for awhile to earn money to buy supplies for the rest of the trip. The store owner, noticing Grandpa had no shoes, offered to keep and raise him as his own son, promising to see he got a good education. Grandpa's dad refused, however, and they eventually completed their trip back to Cass County, Texas.
    (Note by H. K. Christian: This trip away from Cass County, Texas probably occurred about early 1870, just prior to the 1870 Cass County, Texas US Census enumeration of Cass County, and soon after the death of Joseph Sanford's second wife, Lucinda Taylor. The trip may have been to MS, where daughters of Joseph Sanford by his first marriage are believed to have lived at that time. Sallie Jenkins Christian said her father, Joseph Asa Jenkins, told her he had two half sisters living in MS.)

    Ref: US CENSUS 1870, TX, Cass: (Note by H. K. Christian: No enumeration of Joseph Sanford Jenkins' family was found in this census.)

    Ref: (Sallie H. Jenkins (166)): "... Grandpa Joseph Sanford married his third wife [Mrs. Louisa Taylor? Christian] in Cass County after Poppa's mother (Lucinda) died."

    Ref: US CENSUS 1880, TX, Cass, Pct #3, P #17/19, Hse/Fam #144
    Jenkins, Joseph W M 52 m Farmer SC SC SC
    Jenkins, Louisa W F 42 m Kps Hse MI MI IRE

    Notes by HKC: Age 52 indicates Joseph born abt 1828; and both his parents were born in SC. Louisa's age 42 indicates she was born abt 1838. Family tradition indicates she was either widowed or divorced from Joseph Benjamin Christian, born in TN.  Her three known children were also enumerated in the above referenced census;
    Joseph and Emily Christian in Fam #173; and
    Lucinda Christian Dycus in Fam #5

    Notes by HKC: (Made during visit with Mrs. J. C. Mitchell, Rte #3, Naples, TX).  A small burial plot believed to belong to one of the Dalton Jenkins families is located about 300 meters northwest of the house occupied by Mrs. Mitchell in 1965.  The plot was overgrown with crepe myrtle and small trees.  One handcrafted sandstone marker had carved on it " (?). H. Jenkins / Born (?) 4, 1876 / Died (?)".  This could be Henry Jenkins, named in Frances Elizabeth Posey's Family Bible as the son of Joseph Sanford Jenkins and Louisa.

    End of Notes from R. Christian Genealogy


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