Henry 8th Lord Percy of Alnwick DE PERCY Henry 2nd Baron Percy DE PERCY Eleanor FITZALAN Eleanor DE WARENNE Mini tree diagram

Henry 9th Lord Percy 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick DE PERCY1,7,2,3

25th Mar 12731,2,3 - Oct 13141,3,5,6

Life History

25th Mar 1273

Born in Petworth, West Sussex, England.1,2,3

about 1297

Married in Alnwick, Northumberland, England.4

1299

Birth of son Henry 2nd Baron Percy DE PERCY.8

about 1300

Married Eleanor FITZALAN.1,7

Oct 1314

Died in Alnwick, Northumberland, England.1,3,5,6

Oct 1314

Buried in Fountains Abbey, North Yorkshire, England.1,3

Notes

  • -------------------------
    Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick (1273-1314)[1] was amediaeval English magnate.

    He fought under King Edward I of England in Wales and Scotland and wasgranted extensive estates in Scotland, which were later retaken by theScots under King Robert I of Scotland. He added Alnwick to the familyestates in England, founding a dynasty of northern warlords. Herebelled against King Edward II over the issue of Piers Gaveston andwas imprisoned for a few months. After his release he declined tofight under Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn, remaining atAlnwick, where he died a few months later, aged forty-one.

    Origins

    Henry was born at Petworth in Sussex on 25 March 1273, seven monthsafter his father's death, saving the family line from extinction, astwo older brothers had died in infancy, and all six uncles had diedwithout leaving any legitimate heir. He was fortunate in having thepowerful Earl Warenne as his maternal grandfather. Henry was the sonof Henry de Percy (d.1272), 8th feudal baron Baron Percy, Yorkshire,by his wife, Eleanor de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, Earl ofSurrey by Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey, half sister of HenryIII. His great-great-grandfather was Jocelin de Louvain (d.1180) whohad married Agnes de Percy (d.1203), one of the two co-heiresses ofWilliam II de Percy (d.1174/5), 3rd feudal baron of Topcliffe, whosedescendants had adopted the surname "de Percy."
    --  Wikipedia,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Percy,_1st_Baron_Percy
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    Petworth House

    Petworth House Summer 2012

    Petworth House in Petworth, West Sussex, England, is a late17th-century mansion, rebuilt in 1688 by Charles Seymour, 6th Duke ofSomerset, and altered in the 1870s by Anthony Salvin. The site waspreviously occupied by a fortified manor house founded by Henry dePercy, the 13th-century chapel and undercroft of which still survive.
    --  Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petworth_House
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    Millennium File
    Henry De Percy
    Birth Mar 1273 Petworth, Northumb, England [Note:  as far as I cantell Petworth is in Sussex]
    Death Oct 1314 Fountains Abbey, Yorks, England [this location is hisplace of burial, not his place of death, which was his estate ofAlnwick]
    Marriage Date 1300
    Father Henry (7Th Baron Percy) De Percy
    Mother Eleanor De Warenne
    Spouse Eleanor Fitz Alan
    Children Henry (Sir) De Percy

    There is an excellent memorial giving much of his life story on Find aGrave.

    ------------------------
    Henry Percy
    Birth Mar 1273 Petworth, West Sussex, England
    Death Oct 1314 Alnwick, Northumberland, England

    1st Baron Percy of Alnwick
    The son of Henry de Percy and Eleanor de Warenne, daughter of John deWarenne, Earl of Surrey and Alice de Lusignan, half sister of HenryIII.

    Henry came from an eminent family and he would inherit the Earldom ofSussex. His land holdings were extensive and included the purchase ofAlnwick Castle in 1309, establishing a dynasty of warlords in northernEngland. The castle would remain in the Percy family to this day.Henry fought for King Edward I of England against rebellions in Walesand in Scotland against William Wallace and Robert the Bruce, estatesgranted to him in Scotland, the estates of Ingram Balliol, were takenback by the Scottish King Robert I.

    Henry was born at Petworth in Sussex posthumously, the only living sonand heir. Two brothers had died in infancy, all six uncles had noliving heir. His mother's father was John de Warenne, the prominentEarl of Surrey and grandson of William Marshall. Henry inherited allthe estates in 1293, which included estates in Sussex, Yorkshire andTopcliffe Castle.

    When Henry married Eleanor in 1294 at Alnwick, the daughter of RichardFitzAlan, the Earl of Arundel, he changed his coat of arms to theArundel lion and the Warrene royal colors.

    In 1296, Henry was with his grandfather, Warrene, and King Edward asthey surrounded Berwick. The conflict between Edward and JohnLackland, and between the French allied to the Scots and England overAquitane boiled towards war. Edward knighted Henry at Berwick on May30th just before they took Berwick. The town's reaction of scornangered Edward that he ordered the death of 7,500 people, regardlessof age or sex. Henry was then sent north to Dunbar where he took thecastle, and Scotland belonged to the English within weeks. King JohnBalliol was removed, replaced by Warenne who would govern the entireprovince while Henry Percy governed Ayr, Galloway and Cumberland.

    The following year, the war with Wallace and Bruce commenced with thebattle of Sterling Bridge at the River Forth, where the English werebadly defeated and expelled from Scotland. Percy was among those whowatched helplessly from the castle. Edward returns from the wars inFrance, and caught up with Wallace at Falkirk on July 22, 1298 whereHenry Percy was part of the fourth reserve cavalry. Henry Percy isknown to have played a prominent role in the negotiations between theScots and Edward after Robert the Bruce changed his support over tothe English in 1304. On 25 March 1306 Robert Bruce was crowned King ofScotland at Scone Abbey, upon which Edward confiscated his lands andgave them to Henry Percy. The King now appointed Percy to commandnorthwest England and southwest Scotland, with orders to suppress therebellion without mercy.

    When King Edward II favored Gaveston over his wife, he set off a chainof events and scandal that resulted Percy being removed fromScarborough Castle, and finally the execution of Gaveston by thebarons at Warwick, Percy's arrest and the forfeit of his lands July28, 1312, despite that Percy did not directly participate in theexecution. Percy was formally pardoned and released the followingyear.

    Edward prepared for the Battle of Bannockburn, summoned Percy and fiveother Earls who refused to participate, the English were completelydefeated. Percy stayed at Alnwick defending the castle againstScottish raiders, but lost a friend, Robert Clifford in the battle.Percy died later that year of unknown causes. He was fourty one.

    Henry and Elianore had three children:
    Alianore Percy m John FitzWalter
    William de Percy 1301-1355
    Sir Henry Percy, 2nd Lord Percy 1301-1352

    Parents:
    Henry De Percy (1235 - 1272)
    Eleanor De Warenne De Percy (1251 - 1282)

    Spouse:
    Eleanor Fitz Alan Percy (1282 - 1328)
    Children:
    Henry de Percy (1301 - 1352)

    Burial Fountains Abbey, North Yorkshire, England

    Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens, Originally Created by JerryFerren Jun 14, 2010
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #53678731,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=53678731
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Sources

  • 1. Millennium Files, Ancestry.com
  • 2. Wikipedia
    • "Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy,"
  • 3. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
    • Memorial #53678731,
  • 4. World Family Tree Vol. 4
    • Pedigree #3168
  • 5. World Family Tree Vol. 4
    • Pedigree #123
  • 6. Wikipedia
    • "Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick,"
  • 7. Wikipedia
    • "Eleanor FitzAlan," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_FitzAlan
  • 8. Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22

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