Thomas Terry CONNALLY

Thomas Terry CONNALLY2,1,3,6,4,7

19th Aug 18771,2,3,4 - 28th Oct 19631,4

Life History

19th Aug 1877

Born in Hewitt, McLennan, Texas.1,2,3,4

16th Nov 1904

Married Louise CLARKSON in Marlin, Falls, Texas.5,4,7

28th Dec 1909

Birth of son Ben C CONNALLY in Falls County, Texas.3,8,9


Death of Louise CLARKSON in Falls County, Texas.10,4

28th Oct 1963

Died in Washington, DC.1,4

30th Oct 1963

Buried in Calvary Cemetery, Marlin, Falls County, Texas.5,4


  • Texas, Select County Marriage Index, 1837-1965
    Louise Clarkson
    Marriage 16 Nov 1904 Falls, Texas
    Spouse Tom T Connally

    I remember my grandmother, Julia Virginia Terry Jenkins, telling meabout her first cousin who was a US Senator from Texas, when I was alittle boy.

    The follwong entry occurs in the Political Graveyard:
    Thomas Terry Connally (1877-1963) ? also known as Tom T. Connally ? ofMarlin, Falls County, Tex. Born near Hewitt, McLennan County, Tex.,August 19, 1877. Son of Jones Connally and Mary E. (Terry) Connally;married, November 16, 1904, to Louise Clarkson (died 1935) and Lucile(Sanderson) Sheppard; step-grandfather of Connie Mack III. Democrat.

    Served in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; lawyer;member of Texas state house of representatives, 1901-04; U.S.Representative from Texas 11th District, 1917-29; delegate toDemocratic National Convention from Texas, 1920, 1932, 1936, 1940,1944, 1948; U.S. Senator from Texas, 1929-53. Methodist. Member,Freemasons; Knights of Pythias; Odd Fellows; Woodmen. Died inWashington, D.C., October 28, 1963. Interment at Calvary Cemetery,Marlin, Tex.


    Genealogist Johnny Williams has gathered the following documents withinformation about Thomas Terry Connally and his family.


    CONNALLY, THOMAS TERRY (1877-1963).

    Tom Connally, United States senator, was born on a farm in McLennanCounty, Texas, on August 19, 1877, to Jones and Mary Ellen (Terry)Connally. Jones Connally was a Confederate veteran. Tom, the onlysurviving son of the couple, took a law degree from the University ofTexas in 1898 and was elected to the state House of Representativesunopposed in 1900 and 1902. He was a progressive in his opposition tomonopolies and to the powerful Senator Joseph Weldon Bailey . Connallydeclined to run for a third term.

    He practiced law for several years in Marlin and married a localbelle, Louise Clarkson, in 1904. He was Falls County prosecutingattorney from 1906 to 1910 and was in and out of local politics forthe next decade, while building up a prosperous law practice andestablishing himself in the Methodist Church and several fraternalorders.

    In 1916 Connally ran for the vacant Eleventh District seat in theUnited States Congress, a jurisdiction centered in Waco. Afterdefeating two opponents without a runoff, he was elected and placed onthe House Foreign Affairs Committee. He became something of aforeign-policy spokesman for the Democrats in the 1920s, urging theRepublican administrators to settle their differences with Mexico andto cease invading Caribbean republics. In 1928 Connally ran againstUnited States Senator Earle B. Mayfield, a Klansman who had beenelected during the heyday of the Ku Klux Klan . Connally successfullyurged voters to "turn out the bedsheet-and-mask candidate" and in hisfirst term fought President Herbert Hoover's efforts to raise thetariff, levy a national sales tax, and aid business and mortgageholders at the expense of consumers and homeowners.

    During Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term as president, Connally was astalwart New Dealer, seldom differing with the administration. Likeany senator he looked after the largest interest groups in his state,writing relief bills for cattle ranchers, cotton farmers, and oilmen.The most far-reaching solutions were devised for the oil industry,which was facing a glut. Prostrate in the early 1930s, the major oilcompanies and leading independent operators were demanding state andfederal aid. The Connally Hot Oil Act of 1935 effectively outlawed theinterstate shipment of oil produced in violation of the new statequotas and was fiercely resisted by many independent drillers andprocessors.

    Connally first parted significantly from Roosevelt when the senatoropposed the president's attempt to change the United States SupremeCourt, the court-packing plan of 1937 . The measure failed in theSenate. Also in 1937 Connally led the filibuster against theantilynching bill and fought diligently for the southern differentialin the wage and hour law.  Connally was a traditional southerninternationalist who resisted the isolationist tide and the neutralityacts of the middle and late 1930s. He led the Senate battle for thearms-embargo repeal in 1939 (the Cash and Carry Act) and for the LendLease Act of 1941.

    As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1941 to1947, he was one of the handful of Americans who devised the UnitedNations and its charter. Together with Arthur Vandenburg, he helped todetermine bipartisan foreign policy during Harry Truman'sadministration, including the establishment of the North AtlanticTreaty Organization. He served another stretch as chairman of theSenate Foreign Relations Committee from 1949 to 1953.

    During the war years Connally and his fellow Texas senator, W. LeeO'Daniel , supported the Republican-Southern Democratic coalition moreoften than any other southern duo. In 1942 Connally led the ten-dayfilibuster against the repeal of the poll tax. The Smith-Connally Actof 1943 extended the power of the president to seize strike-bound warplants, a measure that Connally believed helped the war effort.

    In his years of prominence in the 1930s and 1940s Connally was thebest showman in the Senate. A contemporary politician, describing the200-pound, whitehaired Connally, decreed him to be "the only man inthe United States Senate who could wear a Roman Toga and not look likea fat man in a nightgown." By the early 1950s, however, Connally hadlost some of his effectiveness. Moreover, his notions of party loyaltywere distasteful to the powerful tidelands oil lobby. The lobby wanteda strong leader who would support whichever 1952 presidential nomineeembraced state ownership of offshore oil lands (see TIDELANDSCONTROVERSY ).

    After they found their candidate in state attorney general M. PriceDaniel, Sr., whose speeches effectively linked Connally with theunpopular Truman administration, Connally retired.  Connally and hisfirst wife had one son, Ben C. Connally.  Mrs. Connally died in 1935.In 1942 the senator married Lucile (Sanderson) Sheppard, the widow ofSenator Morris Sheppard. Connally died on October 28, 1963.
    --  BIBLIOGRAPHY: Tom Connally and Alfred Steinberg, My Name Is TomConnally (New York: Crowell, 1954).

    Dictionary of American Biography. George N. Green, The Establishmentin Texas Politics (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1979).
    George N. Green Recommended citation:  "CONNALLY, THOMAS TERRY." TheHandbook of Texas Online.


    CONNALLY, Thomas Terry (Tom), 1877-1963
    Senate Years of Service: 1929-1953 Party: Democrat

    Library of Congress

    CONNALLY, Thomas Terry (Tom), (step-grandfather of Connie Mack III), aRepresentative and a Senator from Texas; born near Hewitt, McLennanCounty, Tex., August 19, 1877; attended the public schools; wasgraduated from Baylor University, Waco, Tex., in 1896 and from the lawdepartment of the University of Texas at Austin in 1898; was admittedto the bar in 1898 and commenced practice in Waco, Tex.; moved toMarlin, Falls County, Tex., in 1899 and continued the practice of law;served as sergeant major in the Second Regiment, Texas VolunteerInfantry, during the Spanish-American War; member, State house ofrepresentatives 1901-1904; prosecuting attorney of Falls County, Tex.,1906-1910; during the First World War became captain and adjutant ofthe Twenty-second Infantry Brigade, Eleventh Division, United StatesArmy, in 1918; permanent chairman of Texas Democratic State conventionin 1938; elected as a Democrat to the Sixtyfifth and to the fivesucceeding Congresses (March 4, 1917-March 3, 1929); did not seekrenomination in 1928, having become a candidate for Senator; electedas a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1928; reelected in 1934,1940, and again in 1946 and served from March 4, 1929, to January 3,1953, was not a candidate for renomination in 1952; chairman,Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Seventy-third throughSeventyseventh Congresses), Committee on Foreign Relations(Seventy-seventh through Seventy-ninth and Eighty-first andEighty-second Congresses); member and vice chairman of the UnitedStates delegation to the United Nations Conference on InternationalOrganization at San Francisco in 1945; representative of the UnitedStates to the first session of the General Assembly of the UnitedNations at London and to the second session at New York in 1946;engaged in the practice of law in Washington, D.C., where he died onOctober 28, 1963; interment in Calvary Cemetery, Marlin, Tex.

    American National Biography; DAB;
    Connally, Thomas T. My Name is Tom Connally. New York: Thomas T.Crowell Company, 1954;
    Smyrl, Frank. Tom Connally and the New Deal. Ph.D. dissertation,University of Oklahoma, 1968.

    1900 Census Falls Co., TX Page , Precinct # , ED 16 - Sh 9
    < Thomas Terry (Tom) Connally s/o Jones & Mary Ellen Terry Connally >
    Conley, Thomas T. Aug 1877 TX

    1910 Census Falls Co., TX Page , ED 47 - Sh 97,
    < Thomas Terry (Tom) Connally s/o Jones & Mary Ellen Terry Connally >
    Connally, Tom 32 TX
    Connally, Louise 29 ? (wife)
    Connally, Ben 4m ? (son)

    1920 Census Falls Co., TX Page , Marlin Township, ED 69
    < Thomas Terry (Tom) Connally s/o Jones & Mary Ellen Terry Connally >
    Connally, Tom 42 TX GA KY Owns Home
    Connally, Louise C. 39 TX GA TX (wife)
    Connally, Ben C. 10 TX TX TX (son)

    1930 Census Falls Co., TX Page 10A, Justice Precinct #1, Marlin CityWard 1, 9 Apr 1930
    < Thomas Terry (Tom) Connally s/o Jones & Mary Ellen Terry Connally >
    Connally, Tom 52 TX GA GA Owns home valued at $10,000, Married at age27, US Senator
    Connally, Louise 49 TX MS TX (wife) Married at age 26
    Connally, Ben 20 TX TX TX (son)

    --  RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: Descendants of Edward WilliamsSr. of Spartanburg,


    Washington - The body of former Sen Tom Connally  -- often describedas 'the senator who look most like a senator should look' -- was to beflown back to his home state of Texas today.

    Connally ... died Monday [28 October 1963] at the age of 86. ... Hiswife was at the bedside when he died.

    Funeral servcices will be held at 2 p.m. Wednesday [30 October 1963]in the First Methodist Church of Marlin, in Central Texas, where hewas a member.  Burial will be in nearby Calvary Cemetery.  ...

    Thomas Terry Connally was born in McLennan County Aug 19, 1877, a sonof Jones and Mary Terry Connally.  He was educated in BaylorUniversity at Waco and the University of Texas Law School.

    In 1904 he married Louise Clarkson of Marlin who died in 1935.  A sonby that marriage is a federal district judge in Houston.

    The Rev Asbury Lewis, pastor of the First Methodist Church of Marlin,will officiate at the funeral servcices.
    --  Del Rio Times Herald, Del Rio, Texas, Tuesday 29 Oct 1963


  • 1. Ancestry Trees
    • Johnny L Williams,
  • 2. 1880 Federal Census, McLennan County, Texas
    • 15 June, Page 33A (scan p)166A, District 111, Hse/Fam #201
  • 3. 1930 Federal Census, Falls County, Texas
    • 9 April, Marlin City Ward 1, District 1, page 10A, 530 Chambers St,
  • 4. Obituary of Thomas Terry Connally, 1963
  • 5. RootsWeb Genealogy
    • Connally-Williams-Terry, by Johnny Williams,
  • 6. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 7. Texas, Select County Marriage Index, 1837-1965
  • 8. Social Security Death Index
  • 9. 1910 Federal Census, Falls County, Texas
    • District 47, page 97
  • 10. RootsWeb Genealogy

Page created using GEDmill 1.11.0