Benjamin BOHANNON John H TUGMAN George Edward TUGMON Franklin M TUGMAN Thomas Edward TUGMON Fred TUGMAN Lorena TUGMAN Henry O BOHANNON Thirza SMITH Mini tree diagram
Ella Kinnelly BOHANNON

Ella Kinnelly BOHANNON1,7,6,8,2,3,3,3,4,3,5

Oct 18651,2,3,4,5 - after 19066,3

Life History

Oct 1865

Born in Indian Territory.1,2,3,4,5

about 1881

Married John H TUGMAN in Crip, Wilson, Kansas.1

4th Oct 1882

Birth of son George Edward TUGMON in Nocona, Montague, Texas.9,1,10,11,6,2,12,13,3,14

May 1884

Birth of son Franklin M TUGMAN in Bowie, Montague, Texas.15,16,2,13,3,17

22nd Jan 1887

Birth of son Thomas Edward TUGMON in Bonita, Montague, Texas.16,18,2,19,3,20

22nd Feb 1896

Birth of son Fred TUGMAN in Indian Territory.21,15,16,2,3,13

18th Jan 1899

Birth of daughter Lorena TUGMAN in Indian Territory.2,13,22,12,3


Resident in Justice Precinct 2, Montague, Texas.1

after 1906



  • 1870 Federal Census, Red River County, Texas, 22 July, P O Clarksville, page 48, Hse/Fam #305
    Bohanon, Theresa 24 F W Farmer $600 real Estate, $500 Personal Estate born Texas Cannot Read or Write [b abt 1846]
    Bohanon, Kinnelly  6 F W born Texas [b abt 1864]
    Bohanon, Henry  4 M W born Texas [b abt 1866]
    Bohanon, Elizabeth  23 F W Keeping House born Arkansas Cannot Read or Write [b abt 1847]
    Bohanon, John  16 M W born Texas Cannot Read or Write [b abt 1854]
    Bohanon, Mary  13 F W born Texas Cannot Read or Write [b Dec 1857]
    Bohanon, Eliza  12 F W born Texas Cannot Read or Write [b abt 1858]
    Bohanon, George  8 M W born Texas [b abt 1862]

    1880 Federal Census, coioke County, Texas, 14 June, Justice Precinct 5, District 116, page 24, Hse #199, Fam #203
    Marnie (?), Thomas W F 50 Farmer AR AR AR
    Marnie (?), Marandy W F 40 Wife Keeping House AR IL IL
    Marnie (?), Mary W F 13 Dau Single At Home TX AR AR
    Marnie (?), Susan W F 11 Dau Single At Home Cannot Read or Write TX AR AR
    Marnie (?), Bittie W F 5 Son Single TX AR AR
    Marnie (?), Geo W M 3 Son Single TX AR AR
    Marnie (?), Temis (?) W M 11mos born in July Son Single KY KY KY [b abt July 1879]
    ??, Thursey W F 34 Sister-in-law Widow TX IL IL
    Bohanon, Ella W F 15 Niece TX AR IL
    Bohanon, Henry W M 14 Nephew TX AR IL

    Note that the enumerator reported Thursey born in Texas, but reported her children's mother born in Illinois like Thursey's.  This kind of error strangely happens a lot in these old censuess.

    The 1900 census reports that Ella was born in October 1863 in Indian Territory.  But a family genealogy, which appears to have reliable detail, says she was born 30 July 1861.

    John Tugmon
    AKA Jack
    Birth 22 FEB 1861
    Death 1 OCT 1941 in Redden Ok
    Father Thomas TUGMON b 1837 in Ireland
    Mother Margret MANNING b FEB 1839 in Ireland
    Marriage Ella BOHANNON b 30 JUL 1861 in Montague County Texas, d (date unknown) in Sunny Side, Alaska
    --  Tugmon Family,*v38t1631&id=I010

    Ella Tugmon [Ella Bohannon]
    Gender Female
    Age 38
    Father Name Ben Bohannon
    Mother Name Thirza Bohannon
    Census Card Number:  1323
    Tribe Mississippi Choctaw
    Enrollment Rejected

    U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914
    Ella Bohannon Tugmon
    Frank, 17 yrs old in 1901
    Thomas, 12 yrs old
    Georgie, a boy, 10 yrs old (listed as Georgia in the summary report)
    Freddie, a boy, 4 yrs old
    Renie, a girl, 2 yrs old
    --  Ella Bohannon, Application for Enrollment in the Choctaw Tribe, Interview, p 4

    One genealogy reports that Ella and John Tugman were married in Crip, Wilson County, Kansas.  But no documentation is provided.  Several genealogies also report that Ella died in Sunnyside, Alaska.  None of them provide documentation or explanation.  I have found no information about her move to Alaska or other details.  One genealogy reported she died in Arkansas, but was buried in Sunny Side Cemetery.

    The only cemetery of that name that came up was in Conway, Arkansas, and her name is not in the listing of burials. I have not found documentation of a town named Sunny Side, Alaska, or found a cemetery in Alaska named Sunny Side, or otherwise identified her burial place.  I did find there is an unincorporated town called Sunnyside (Chicot County), Arkansas, but can find no Bohannon tie there.  A couple of genealogies report the year of death as 1901.  One says between 1901 and 1956.  How can such a wide frange of dates be helpful?

    Ella Bohannon
    Birth Oct 1863 in Indian Territory
    Marriage to John H Tugman in Crip, Wilson, Kansas
    --  Elkins/Reid,

    Thomas Tugman's Parents

    I am a direct decendant from one Thomas E Tugman born about 1890.  He married a Della (do not know maiden name).  He had three children Evelynn Tugman, Thomas Tugman and my mother Mary Tugman.

    My great grand father was a Tugman, all I know.  Only hint I have is apparently he married a [Choctaw woman].  She was my grandfather's mother.  He told a story that one day when he was very young, a man came riding in and tried to rape my great grandmother.  She killed him.  Great grandfather took the fall for the murder, because he felt that during this time they would have killed his wife, even if she did kill him defending herself from his advances.

    I know that they are the Oklahoma line of Tugmans.  My mother can remember going to Oklahoma to visit his family as a kid but she does not recall any names.  She also can remember my grandfather telling stories of visiting his mothers side of the family on the Reservation.  I asume the Oklahoma Chacktaw reservation.  But not certain.

    Grandfather was a halfbreed that looked white and he did not realy talk about the Indian side, because of the trouble he had seen it bring on people.

    --  "mandayven," 28 May 2009, on a discussion board, through the research of Joyce Kelso, posted on Ancestry 28 August 2013, accessed 28 March 2019

    Another genealogy provides names for Ella's parents, with very little detail.  This might be helpful as clues to locate her further in records.

    Birth 7/30/1861, Death in SUNNY SIDE, ALASKA
    Spouse JOHN H (JACK) TUGMAN 1861 - 1941
    THOMAS TUGMAN  - 1964
    LORENA TUGMAN 1899 - 1991
    --  Pam's family tree,

    A great daughter contacted me 7 December 2011, as I was working on the family, also searching for further information.  Pat Penn informed me she was searching for information on Ella's Indian roll registration.

    1900 Federal Census, Montague County, Texas, 8 June, Justice Precinct 2, District 48, page 6B, Hse/Fam #111
    Tugman, Thomas Head W M born (no month) 1837  63 Married 44 years Immigrated to US 1849 Naturalized Ireland Ireland Ireland Farmer Cannot read or write Owns
    Tugman, Margrett Wife W F Feb 1839  60 Married 44 years  8 children/5 living Immigrated to US 1850 Not Naturalized Ireland Ireland Ireland Can read and write
    ** Tugman, John H Son  b Feb 1861  39 MO Ire Ire Farm Laborer Can read and write **
    ** Tugman, Ella Dau-in-law Oct 1863  36 Married 19 years  8 children/5 living Ind Terr -- -- Can read and write **
    Tugman, Franklin grandson May 1884  16 TX MO IT Farm Laborer Can read and write
    Tugman, Thomas grandson Jan 1887  13 TX MO IT Farm Laborer Attended School Not reported whether can read and write
    Tugman, George grandson Oct 1891  8 IT MO IT Not reported whether can read and write
    Tugman, Fred grandson Feb 1896 4 IT MO IT
    Tugman, Lorena granddau Jan 1899 1 IT MO IT
    Wilson, Thomas grandson W M Feb 1894  6 TX TN TX

    I have found no indication of who the last grandchild, Thomas Wilson, is.

    In 1902 Ella applied for recognition for herself and her chidlren as Choctaws, but the Dawes Commission rejected her application.

    1902 Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Dawes Census Cards for Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914
    Mississippi Choctaw Indians, Census Card Number 1323
    1 Tugmon, Ella 38 F 1/2 blood Father Ben Bohannon (dead) Claim Choctaw  Mother Thirza Bohannon (dead) Claim Choctaw
    2 Tugmon, Frank Son 17 M 1/4 Father J H Tugmon Non-Citizen, Mother #1
    3 Tugmon, Thomas Son 12 M 1/4 Father J H Tugmon Non-Citizen, Mother #1
    4 Tugmon, Georgie Son 10 M 1/4 Father J H Tugmon Non-Citizen, Mother #1
    5 Tugmon, Freddie Son 4 M 1/4 Father J H Tugmon Non-Citizen, Mother #1
    6 Tugmon, Renie Dau 2 F 1/4 Father J H Tugmon Non-Citizen, Mother #1
    Tribe Mississippi Choctaw
    Decision Rendered 18 Oct 1902
    Enrollment Claim Rejected 3 Nov 1902
    Confirmed by Secretary of the Interior 9 Jun 1903
    Notice of Departmental Action Mailed to Applicant 17 Jul 1903

    Frost-Tugman Marriage

    Ella Bohannon and John "Jack" Tugmon are my Grandparents.  My father was Tom, the second son of Jack and Ella.  He came to Wyoming in 1910 and remained here until his death.  I met Fred and Della as a young teen on a trip to California with my parents.  They were at Zane's house.  I don't know if they lived there or were visiting.

    My father was 6' 2" tall and I was shocked at how small his brother Fred was.  My father told me he was about the size of his father.  My mother's name was Della the same as Fred's wife.  I was a late life child, my parents were more the age of most people's Grandparents.

    I live in Wheatland, Wyoming, were I was born and where my parents are buried.  Also buried here is my sister and brother, both of which were much older then me.  My brother died at 15 years of age before I was born.  I know quite a bit of history on the family and will gladly share what I know for sure and what I certain is fact and any rumors.  There are many rumors.

    I can tell you that I highly doubt that Rachel Tugman and William Frost are related as Thomas Tugmon and Margaret Manning, Jack's parents, were both from Ireland and immigrated about 1850.  By the way, Jack was the common nickname for John and part of the family spell the name TUGMAN and part TUGMON.  My father spelled his name Tugmon as did his brother George.

    The two different spellings are confused in some of the other offspring of Ella and Jack.  Their children's names were Frank, Thomas, George, Bill, and Renie.  They had other children that died in childhood but I can't find there names.  I went with my Father to Oklahoma a couple of times and on one visit we visited his sister's grave.

    She had died as a child and my father years lated bought her a headstone and he wanted to see it.  I think we were in Caddo but I'm not sure and I haven't had time to verify her name or grave location as yet.  My father's father, Jack, is buried in Stringtown.  I visited his grave with my father once.

    We were visiting his neice Jessie Snow at the time.  Jessie was his sister Rennie's daughter.  Rennie died a few years back and I can send you more about her if you like.  Ella Bohannon was Choctau Indian.  My father didn't know where she was buried or exactly how she died.

    There is rumor she died in Arkansas with hydophobia.  But I am beginning to not believe it because there seems to be no record of any such happening and that would have made the papers in the town and county and possibly even the state.

    --  Mary McCartney, 15 September 2002, on a discussion board, through the research of Joyce Kelso, originally posted on Ancestry 28 August 2013, accessed 28 March 2019


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