Quanah PARKER Laura Ne-dah PARKER Esther Sunrise PARKER  AH-WAY Vera PARKER Iona PARKER Geraldine Rosella PARKER Harold PARKER Leonard PARKER Cynthia Ann PARKER Bertie Asewaynah FISCHER Thomas Tit-tah PARKER  A-ER-WUTH-TAKE-UM Mini tree diagram
Len Nehio PARKER

Len Nehio PARKER1,9,10,2,3,4,5,6,7,11,12,8,5,13

Oct 18901,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 - 21st Feb 19605

Life History

Oct 1890

Born in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

27th Feb 1914

Married AH-WAY in Caddo County, Oklahoma.12

28th Mar 1914

Divorced from AH-WAY in Caddo County, Oklahoma.9

after 1st Jul 1914

Married Bertie Asewaynah FISCHER in Caddo County, Oklahoma.2,4

1915

Birth of daughter Vera PARKER in Oklahoma.2,7,3,15,5,14

1917

Birth of daughter Iona PARKER in Comanche County, Oklahoma.7,15,2,3

about 1921

Birth of daughter Geraldine Rosella PARKER.3,15

about 1925

Birth of son Harold PARKER in Oklahoma.15,3

Jan 1927

Birth of son Leonard PARKER in Oklahoma.15,3

1st Apr 1930

Resident Age: 49; Marital Status: Married; Relation to Head of House: Head in Kiowa-Comanche Reservation, Comanche, Oklahoma.8

17th Aug 1930

Death of daughter Vera PARKER in Oklahoma.5,14

21st Feb 1960

Died in Caddo County, Oklahoma.5

after 21st Feb 1960

Buried in Memory Lane Cemetery, Anadarko, Caddo County, Oklahoma.5

UNKNOWN

Birth of daughter Cynthia Ann PARKER.5

Notes

  • "Cathie, two of Rudolph Fischer's daughters by Kahchacha (Bertie andHelen) married two of Quanah Parker's sons (Len and Thomas).Everything that I was able to learn about Fischer I incorporated intomy book 'The Captured.'"
    Scott Zesch
    --  Ancestry Discussion Boards, "Rudolph Fischer, Indian Captive,"http://boards.ancestrylibrary.com/surnames.fischer/717.2.1.1.2/mb.ashx

    Quanah's sons with A-er-wuth-take-um are in a mission school on thereservation.  I see that the enumerator has reported Lenn and both hisparents as Kiowas, but has it right for Thomas.

    1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory, 1 June, Apache, Kiowa &Comanche Reservation, District 25, page 29B, Methvin Institute MissionSchool
    Parker, Lenn Pupil Ind M Oct 1890 9 OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr HorseHerd [No rpt of ownership] Kiowa Father Kiowa Mother Kiowa [Should allbe Comanche]
    Parker, Thomas Pupil Ind M Mar 1893 6 OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche

    Len's reported birth date was October 1890.  He reported that yearwithout a more specific date in his 1917 WWI Draft Registration.  Inthe 1905 Comanche census his age of 15 matches that year of birth.But on his grave the reported date of birth is October 1888.  Hismother was not reported in the list of wives with Quanah in 1900.  In1905 she is reported after all the other wives, but she is married toa different husband, and has three other children with that husband'sname, the oldest born about 1896.  So A-er-wuth-take-um married hersecond husband Taum-mer-ra-da about 1895, meaning she divorced Quanahbefore that.

    1905 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 30 June, KiowaAgency, Page 22
    Taum-mer-ra-da       Eng Name Sidney Mah-seet  Male Husband 36
    A-er-wuth-take-um   Female wife 41
    Ne-hio                  Eng Name Len Parker  Male Stepson 15
    Tit-tah                 Eng Name Thomas Parker  Male Stepson 13
    Eng Name Mary Taum-mer-ra-da  Female Dau 9
    Eng Name Josephine Taum-mer-ra-da  Female Dau 4
    Eng Name Dyson Mah-seet Male Son 1/4

    In 1914 Len married Bertie Asewaynah Fisher.  A marriage list reportsa marriage for Len on 27 February 1914.  However, this marriage recordrepots that Len's wife was Ah-way.  Then there is a matching divorcerecord, only about one month later!  I ahve not found an other sourceto tell us that story.

    Caddo County Oklahoma Marriage Records
    Book #6, Record #546, 27 Feb 1914
    Ah-way
    Parker, Len
    --  RootsWeb,http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~okcaddo/marriage/marbk6b.txt

    Parker, Len
    Parker, Ah-Way
    28 Mar 1914
    --  Caddo County, Oklahoma, Divorce Records, OKGenWeb,http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~okcaddo/divorce/divorce-p.html

    But in the 1914 Comanche census, Len and Bertie are listed separately,Len with his family group, and Bertie with hers.  No other indivdiaulis lsited in Len's household, next door to his brother Thomas andfamily.  So they must have married after that 1 July census date.

    ----------------------
    1914 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 1 July, KiowaAgency, Comanche Tribe, page 2
    Tit-tah (Thomas Parker)  6.25 Head 1891 M
    Victoria Wer yack we Wife 1898 F
    Ruth Dau 1913 F1913 F

    Ne hio (Len Parker) 6.5  1890 M
    ----------------------

    In the 1917 Comanche census, they are reported living with her Fisherfamily on the Comanche Reservation where he was born.  Their firstchild Vera is reported born in1915.

    ------------------
    1917 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 30 June, KiowaAgency
    #1184 A se way nah (Rudolph Fisher) Head b abt 1850 M Fam #529
    #1185 Tissy chau er Wife b 1854 F
    #1186 Lottie Fisher Dau b 1901 F
    #1187 Mamie Fisher Dau b 1905 F

    #1188 Mary A se way nah Head b 1896 F #529 1/8
    #1189 Augusta Bosin, Jr  Son [sic] b 1915 F
    #1190 Caroline Bosin, Jr  Dau b 1917 F

    #1186 Henry Ase way nah (Willie Fisher) Head b 1896 M #529.25

    #1192 Ne hi o (Len Parker) Head b 1890 M #529.5
    #1193 Bertie A se way nah Wife b 1892 F
    #1194 Vera Parker Dau b 1915 F
    #1195 Iona Parker Dau b 1917 F
    ------------------

    Nehio's US WWI Draft registration reports his birthplace as Cache,Oklahoma, in 1890.  In this year, it would have been OklahomaTerritory, which was declared on 2 May 1890.  He was born on theComanche Reservation where his father had brought his band in 1875(some report the year as 1874).

    U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
    Len Parker
    Residence Caddo County, Oklahoma
    Birthplace Oklahoma [Was Oklahoma Territory from 2 May 1890]
    Age 27, Birth Date 1890
    Married, Farmer, Race Indian (Native American) [Comanche]
    Short, Stout, Black Eyes, Black Hair
    Registered Apache Precinct, Kiowa Agency, Oklahoma, 4 June 1917

    Len Nehio Parker was born in Oklahoma Territory, in land that had beenwithin the roaming area of the Comanche bands.  His father had livedon the Comanche Reservation since 1875, and his parents married there.

    "The Territory of Oklahoma was an organized incorporated territory ofthe United States that existed from May 2, 1890, until November 16,1907, when it was joined with the Indian Territory under a newconstitution and admitted to the Union as the State of Oklahoma.  The1890 Oklahoma organic act organized the western half of IndianTerritory and a strip of country known as No Man's Land into OklahomaTerritory.  Reservations in the new territory were then opened tosettlement in land runs later that year and in 1891 and 1893."
    --  "Oklahoma Territory," Wikipedia,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma_Territory

    However, the birth date on his grave differs from that he reported in1917.  His memorial on Find a Grave reports his birth date as 15October 1888, two years earlier, and thus before the establishment ofOklahoma Territory.

    Len "Nehio" Parker
    Birth Oct. 15, 1888
    Death Feb. 21, 1960
    Parents:
    Quanah Parker (1845 - 1911)
    Takewm Aerwuth (1853 - 1948)
    Children Cynthia Ann Parker
    Burial Memory Lane Cemetery, Anadarko, Caddo County, Oklahoma
    Created by Cokeman2 Jan 12, 2011
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #64113958,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=64113958

    In the 1920 census, Nehio is still living with his wife's familygroup.  No new children have been born since 1917.

    ------------------
    1920 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 30 June, KiowaAgency
    #1193 Ase-way-nah (Rudolph Fisher) Head b 1850 M Fam #529
    #1194 Tissy-chau-er Wife b 1854 F
    #1195 Mamie Fisher Dau b 1905 F

    #1196 Lottie Fisher Dau b 1901 F #529.75

    #1197 Mary Asewaynah [sic, no hyphens or spaces] Head b 1896 F #5291/8
    #1198 Augusta Bosin, Jr  Son b 1915 M
    #1190 Caroline Bosin Dau b 1917 F
    #1200 Eleanor Bosin Dau b 1919 F

    #1201 Henry Asewaynah [sic] (Willie Fisher) Head b 1896 M #529.5
    #1202 Verbera [Verbena] Fisher Dau b 1917 F
    #1203 Bernice Fisher Dau b 1919 F

    #1204 Ne hi o (Len Parker) Head b 1890 M #529.25
    #1205 Bertie Asewaynah [sic] Wife b 1892 F
    #1206 Vera Parker Dau b 1915 F
    #1204 Iona Parker Dau b 1917 F
    ------------------

    1930 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma, 10 April, ChandlerTownship, District 4, page 5A, Hse/Fam #81
    Parker, Len Head Owns M Ind 39 Married at age 18 Oklahoma Mixed BloodComanche Farmer
    Parker, Bertie Wife F Ind 35 Married at age 20 Oklahoma Mixed BloodComanche
    Parker, Vera Dau F Ind 14 OK  Mixed Blood  Comanche
    Parker, Iona Dau F Ind 13 OK  Mixed Blood  Comanche
    Parker, Geraldine Dau F Ind 9 OK  Mixed Blood  Comanche
    Parker, Harold Head M Ind 5 OK  Mixed Blood  Comanche
    Parker, Lenord M Ind 3yrs3mos OK  Mixed Blood  Comanche

    1930 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 1 April, KiowaAgency, Page 22
    #2810 Ne-hio (Len Parker)  Male 49 Comanche 1/4 Married Head
    #2811 Asewaynah, Bertie Female 38 Comanche 1/4 Married Wife
    #2812 Parker, Vera Female 15 Comanche 1/4 Dau
    #2813 Parker, Iona Female 13 Comanche 1/4 Dau
    #2814 Parker, Geraldine Rosella Female 10 Comanche 1/4 Dau
    #2815 Parker, Harold Male 5 Comanche 1/4 Son
    #2816 Parker, Leonard Male 4 Comanche 1/4 Son

    I see that Nehio is reported as 1/4 blood.  With this report, and hiswife as 1/4 also, the children are correctly, or at leastconsistently, reported as 1/4.  This is unexpected, in light ofprevious records and reports I have seen.  I have not seen any otherinformation or records to indicate his mother was not fulblood, whichshould make him 3/4 Comanche.  With half-blood Quanah Parker as hisfather, for Len Nehio to be 1/4 blood, his mother A-er-wuth-take-umwould have had to be 100% white!

Sources

  • 1. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942
  • 2. 1917 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency
  • 3. 1930 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 10 April, Chandler Township, District 4, page 5A, Hse/Fam #81
  • 4. 1914 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 1 July, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, page 2
  • 5. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 6. 1905 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency, Page 22
  • 7. 1920 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency
  • 8. U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
    • Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2007;
    • Year: 1930; Roll: M595_218; Line: 1; Agency: Kiowa
  • 9. OKGenWeb, Caddo County, Oklahoma, Divorce Records
  • 10. Ancestry.Com Discussion Boards
    • "Rudolph Fischer, Indian Captive"
  • 11. 1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory
    • 1 June, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, District 25, page 29B,
  • 12. Caddo County Oklahoma Marriage Records
    • Book #6, Jul 1912 - Jun 1914; Record #546, 27 Feb 1914
  • 13. Parker Heritage Website
  • 14. 1931 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 1 April, Kiowa Agency, Page 3, Death Register
  • 15. 1930 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 1 April, Kiowa Agency, Page 22

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