John GREEN Daniel GREEN John GREEN David GREEN Adam CAMPBELL Juleyan CAMPBELL Charlotte GREEN Mini tree diagram
Lucresa GREEN

Lucresa GREEN10,6,7,9,11,1,2,8,3,4

6th May 18046,7,2,8,3,4 - 13th Sep 18627,9,1,2,3,4

Life History

6th May 1804

Born in North Carolina.6,7,2,8,3,4

before Sep 1829

Married Adam CAMPBELL in Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina.9,11,4,1

12th Nov 1844

Birth of daughter Juleyan CAMPBELL.12,3

13th Sep 1862

Died in Walker County, Alabama.7,9,1,2,3,4

after 13th Sep 1862

Buried in Campbell Cemetery, Walker County, Alabama.1,2,3,4,5

Notes

  • Some genealogies list this individual as Lucinda, and others asLucresa or some variation.  One or two have Lucinda Lucresa.  Her nameis spelled various ways in the census, of course.  In an officialcourt document where she was a  witness, it is spelled Lucretia.  Onegenealogy spells it Lucresia, which appears to represent the samepronunciation as Lucretia.  Usually she is listed as Lucresa, which isthe form on her grave, and how we refer to her.

    I will start her story with a transcription of that court document.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The State of South Carolina Anderson District

    Before me came and appeared Isaac Campbell now in the common gaol[jail] of the said District, who being first sworn in due form of theLand upon his oath, deposeth and saith that Lucretia Campbell, wife ofAdam Campbell, Rachel Campbell, Robert Campbell, Daniel Horton,accompany him for being necessary and material witnesses to hisdefense in a prosecution which is established against him in thiscourt of sessions for said District on a charge of hog stealing.
    his
    Isaac  X  Campbell
    Mark

    Sworn to & subscribed before me this 8th day of September 1829
    John P Lewis
    CC of 2 W Ex Off
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Several genealogies have quite complete information on Lucinda Green.She is reported consistently by all these genealogies as born in NorthCarolina, which seems odd, since all the other children were born inSouth Carolina.  I have no information to account for the movements ofthe family.

    Here is  quite a full report:

    Lucresa Green
    Birth 09 MAY 1804 [6 May 1804] in North Carolina
    Death 13 SEP 1862 in Smith Lake, Walker, Alabama
    Parents John Green b 1784, Charlotte Green 1782-1860
    Marriage 1832 in Charleston, South Carolina to Adam Campbell
    Birth 09 May 1804 in North Carolina
    Death 13 Sep 1862 in Smith Lake, Walker, Alabama
    --  Lynn Tyler,http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/8800640/person/-717434451

    I notice that Lynn has the marriage date as 1832.  But in the courtdocument above, in 1829 she is described as the wife of Adam Campbell,so they were married before 8 September 1829.  A later, clearer photoby Marlin Pulliam, and a Find a Grave memorial also clarify that thebirth date in the genealogy above and some others were incorrect.Birth date on the stone is actually May 6, 1804 and death is Sept 13,1862.  (See Find a Grave memorial below.)

    Lynn comments on one of her genealogy sites:
    "Lucresa Green the wife of Adam Campbell was full blooded CherokeeIndian. She is my third Great Grandmother."
    --  Lynn Tyler,http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/t/y/l/Royce-Tyler-Alabama/index.html

    Note that for Lucresa to be "full blooded" Cherokee, BOTH her parents,John Green and Charlotte Brown, and her grandparents Meshack Green andLucretia (Creasy) Franklin, as well as BOTH Carlotte's parents and allthe way back on BOTH sides, had also be full blooded.  This seemsunlikely.  Some family sources report that Meshack on the one side orLucretia on the other was "part Cherokee."

    A cousin, Sheri Horton, reports that she did find Meshack and Lucretiaisted as ancestors qualifying descendants for registration in theMissouri Cherokee tribe.  She got her card based on this and herrelationship to others registered with that heritage on file.  Thedetails of their Cherokee heritage is uncertanm.  Attempts to confrimlinks to othe Cherokee Green lineages, notably Gardner Green's family,have been inconclusive.

    One of my distant cousins working with us has shared info with me forthis lineage.

    "I am a descendant of Lucressa and Adam Campbell. Cressa is what somecall her. Her father was John Green from the Carolina's. She was ofNative heritage, but I am not sure how much. Adam and Lucressa settledin Jasper Alabama and owned land near Smith Lake. This was before theCivil War. They had at least two sons who fought for the Union Army.They both died of sickness during the war. Adam and Lucressa werecommon law husband and wife because she was considered a woman ofcolor by law, due to her Native heritage. I understand that JohnGreen's father was a Meshach, but have no evidence. Lucressa and Adamare both buried near Smith Lake."
    --  P J Martin, email to Orville Boyd Jenkins, 12 May  2014

    For a long time the Cherokee information was not definitive.  NeitherLynn Tyler above nor any of the other genealogists I have foundactually give details or provide documentation.  So we are dealingwith family tradition.  Though unconfirmed from an analytical researchpoint of view, I had no reason from any evidence to doubt this.Documentation of Native American origins is notoriously difficult tocome by, as many records that did exist were destroyed or modified bythe government.  The whole process of reigstration under the DawesCommission and the early removal processes were fraught withcorruption and ineptitude. Federal authorities were the final decidingforce.  So there we are.

    Information did not exist in writing in the oral culture formats ofNative peoples, and there was much that was not reduced to writing theEuropean era.  The problem would be mainly that the percentages ofnative genetic ancestry and specific connections with European originsor lineage is not consistently attested in these various familytraditions.

    In May 2014, the claimed Cherokee status of Meshack and Lucretia camecloser to confirmation with a finding by Sheri Horton, one of theother descendants I have worked with on this lineage.

    "I just got my card from the Northern Cherokee Nation for proving JohnHorton, wife Nancy Anne Green daughter of Meshack Green(e) . I foundtherm on the Emigration rolls of 1817-1835 That Meshack, Creasy, andNancy Anne were full Cherokee!  ... They are recognized by the stateof Missouri and are working on Federal recognition."
    --  Sheri Horton, Ancestry Message to Orville Boyd Jenkins, 10 May2014

    There remain problems in the specific family connections, time line,and names, as there are some impossibilities claimed in thetraditional connections in older genealogies.  Repeated requests tofor a citation of copy of the document, however, have not beenanswered.  So no documentation has yet been produiced that we canreference.  We likewise do not know the formal blood requirments ordocumentation requiired by the Missouri Cherokee tribe (stateregistered).

    Clint Norwood left a note on my genealogy reporting that he was adescendant of Lucinda and providing further information.

    "Charlotte had a daughter named Lucretia aka Lucressa aka Lucinda, akaCressy.  She married a man named Adam Campbell.  They are buried onproperty off of Lake Smith Dam Road in Walker County Alabama.Lucretia is my GG Grandmother."
    --  Clint Norwood, comment on this genealogy on Our Family Tree, 1July 2011, http://www.gurganus.org/ourfamily/browse.cfm?pid=268580

    No formal burial information was found, until in 2015, a memorial cameup in a search on Find a Grave.  Though the memorial was dated in2009, it had not previously come up in searches.  Find a Grave madeimprovements in their indexing in 2013 and 2014 that have greatlyassisted searches on Find a Grave and general Internet searches thatnow bring up links to FAG memorials.

    Consistent with that, another genealogy reports that her name wasLucinda Lucretia, and includes a gravestone with the name LucresaCampbell.  The dates match those reported by other sources forLucinda, daughter of John and Charlotte.  Several report her mother'smaiden name as Brown, and at least one reports the nickname Lottie forher mother.

    These genealogies appear to be reporting family information,especially since they each have similar but different little bits ofinformation about Charlotte and her daughter.  But as so many, they donot state where they got their information, or how they know thisgravestone is the right one for this Lucinda Green.

    Here is one that provides more detail and includes the gravestone inthe name of Lucresa.

    John Green
    Birth 1784 in Rocky River, Pendleton Dist, South Carolina
    Death 8 Apr 1857 in Hall, Georgia
    Spouse Charlotte Brown
    Birth 1782 in South Carolina
    Death 1860 in Gordon, Georgia
    Daughter Lucinda Lucresa Green
    Birth 09 May 1804 in North Carolina
    Death 13 Sep 1862 in Smith Lake, Walker, Alabama
    --  Rosenbaum/Driscoll,http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/26471681/person/1969545353?ssrc=&ftm=1

    Rocky River was the name of an old settlement on the railroad inPendleton District, South Carolina.  The area is now in AndersonCounty, one of the several divisions of old Pendleton in the 1800s.Rocky River community was near the Rocky River, a few miles south ofthe city of Anderson.

    The Rosenbaum/Driscoll genealogy gives some information aboutLucresa's marriage to Adam Campbell.  A Campbell genealogy reportsthat their marriage was not recorded as a legal white marriage.

    Lucinda Lucresa Green
    Birth 09 May 1804 [6 May 1804] in North Carolina
    Death 13 Sep 1862 in Smith Lake, Walker, Alabama
    Parents:  John Green 1784 - 1857
    Charlotte Brown 1782 - 1860
    Marriage to Adam Camel Campbell 1832 Charleston, Charleston, SouthCarolina
    --  Rosenbaum/Driscoll,http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/26471681/person/1910841992

    The Campbell genealogy says that Lucresa's land was taken away fromher by the US government for the Cherokee Removal, but she neverreceived compensation for it.  Her husband Adam was a partner with herfather John Green in a gold mine, also.  The genealogy says Adam hidher and her child from the authorities when they were rounding upCherokees for the Removal.

    Adam was not required to go because he was white.  This is one of thesituations that led to many Eastern Cherokees being left there whenthe Removal occurred, leading to the current Eastern Cherokee Nationnow recognized by the US Government.  The genealogy tells how they,like many other Carolina Cherokees, moved on to Georgia.  The originalCherokee Removal also included lands in Northeastern Georgia, whereother ancestors of mine moved in to take the newly available land.Other members of this Green clan lived in Pickens and Gilmer Countiesbefore moving on to the western frontier on their own.

    "They were not legally married according to white men's laws. Theymade their way to Georgia and lived with Cherokee people there, thentraveled to Walker County Alabama and had several children. They wereburied there on their own property because Lucresa wasn't allowed tobe buried in a white man's cemetery due to her Cherokee heritage. Thefamily never received government reimbursement for the lands that thegovernment took from Lucresa during the Indian removal. This is due tothe fact the marriage could not be proven. Adam was a preacher at onetime and a Union sympathizer during the civil war."
    --  Geni, http://www.geni.com/people/ADAM-CAMPBELL/6000000007442497367

    They are enumerated in Cass County, Georgia, in 1850.  They are inDeKalb County, in eastern Alabama, in 1852, when Adam registers a40-acre plot of land he has bought form land alloted by the USgovernment out of the Cherokee Territories.  But they apparently soldthe land soon after, because they are farther west in Walker County,Alabama, from about 1853, according to Adam's 1872 affidavit  to Unionofficials about his Civil War status.  The family is recorded in the1860 census in Walker County.

    1850 Federal Census, Cass County, Georgia, 23 September, Division 12,p 320-21 (scan 160-61), Hse #860, Fam #870
    Adam Camel [sic] 45 M [No statement of occupation] $No Real Estate bNorth Carolina [born abt 1805]
    Lucinda Camel 44 F North Carolina [born abt 1806]
    Alexr Camel 22 M b North Carolina [born abt 1828]
    John Camel 16 M b North Carolina [born abt 1834]
    Jackson Camel 14 M b North Carolina [born abt 1836]
    Katherine Camel 6 F North Carolina [born abt 1844]
    Julia Camel 3 F North Carolina [born abt 1847]
    -- page 321 --
    General T Camel 1 M b Georgia [born abt 1849]
    Milly Camel 17 F Georgia [born abt 1833]
    Thomas I Camel 4mo M b Georgia [born abt May 1850]

    1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama, 6 June, Eastern Division,PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #40, Family #37
    Adam Camel [sic] 52 M Farmer $160 Real estate $440 Personal b SCCannot read or write [born abt 1808]
    Lucrissa C Camel 54 F Domestic SC Cannot read or write [born abt 1806]
    Catherine Camel 16 F Domestic GA [born abt 1844]
    July A Camel 13 F GA [born abt 1847]
    General T Camel 10 M GA Attended School
    Burd Camel 6 M Ala Attended School

    According to her grave dates, Lucresa died on 13 September 1862.  Adamwas enumerated in 1870 still in the same location, with what appearsto be his 30-year-old second wife Rebecca, and children still in thehome.  One young son James is 8 years old, so born about 1862.  It maybe that Rebecca died in childbirth with him or soon after.  If his ageis actually correct, he was born before June 1862, while Lucresa diedin September 1862.

    The youngest child in Adam's home was a daughter Salina age 7, andthus born in about 1863, after the death of Lucresa.  So this would beRebecca's daughter.  Lucresa's memorial on Find a Grave also links tothe known memorials of her children.

    Lucresa Green Campbell
    Birth May 6, 1804
    Death Sep. 13, 1862
    Spouse Adam Campbell (1802 - 1873)
    Children:
    Alexander Campbell (1832 - 1862)
    Juleyan Campbell Blevins (1844 - 1921)
    General Taylor Campbell (1846 - 1922)
    Kate Campbell Light (1848 - 1896)
    Byrd Campbell (1850 - 1912)
    Inscription:  "Blessed are the Dead, That die in the Lord."
    Burial Adam & Lucresa Campbell Cemetery, Walker County, Alabama
    Created by LaShane Marlow Aug 03, 2009
    --  Find  A Grave Memorial #40239621,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=40239621

    "Their graves are located off Old Smith Lake Dam Road in WalkerCounty, AL. My husband, parents and I built a fence around the gravesto keep them from being destroyed, as they lie on land that once wastheir home place, and now is property of AL Power Company. There wasquite a bit of clear-cutting going on in 2000 when we built the fenceand we were afraid that they would be plowed over."
    --  Deborah Thompson, email to Orville Boyd Jenkins, 5 July 2015

Sources

  • 1. Clint Norwood, Note left on genealogy site, 1 July 2011
  • 2. Gravestone of Lucresa (Green) Campbell, Private plot, near Smith Lake,Walker County, Alabama
  • 3. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 4. P J Martin
  • 5. Deborah Thompson
  • 6. 1850 Federal Census, Cass County, Georgia
    • 23 September, Division 12, p 320-21 (scan 160-61), Hse #860, Fam #870
  • 7. Ancestry Trees
    • Lynn Tyler,
  • 8. 1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama
    • 6 June, Eastern Division, PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #40, Family
  • 9. Ancestry Trees
    • Rosenbaum/Driscoll,
  • 10. Geni
    • Campbell Family,
  • 11. Court Documents, Anderson District, South Carolina
    • Charge and witness statement, names Lucretia Campbell as wife odf Adam
  • 12. 1880 Federal Census, Blount County, Alabama
    • 16 June, District 13, page 11, Hse/Fam #61

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