Robert CAMPBELL Juleyan CAMPBELL Lucresa GREEN Rebecca NOMAIDENNAME Rachel CAMPBELLWIFE Mini tree diagram
Adam CAMPBELL

Adam CAMPBELL12,7,9,10,8,11,3,2,5

12th Nov 18027,9,10,8,1,2 - 22nd Dec 18739,1,2,3

Life History

12th Nov 1802

Born in Anderson County, South Carolina.7,9,10,8,1,2

before Sep 1829

Married Lucresa GREEN in Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina.12,16,3,5

12th Nov 1844

Birth of daughter Juleyan CAMPBELL.13,2

1850

Residence1 in Cass County, Georgia.10

1st Dec 1852

Residence2: bought land from the US government that had been appropriated from theCherokees in Huntsville, DeKalb, Alabama.11

between 1855 and 1873

Residence3 in Walker County, Alabama.6,7,8

13th Sep 1862

Death of Lucresa GREEN in Walker County, Alabama.14,12,5,15,2,3

22nd Dec 1873

Died in Walker County, Alabama.9,1,2,3

after 22nd Dec 1873

Buried in Campbell Cemetery, Walker County, Alabama.1,2,3,4,5

Other facts

 

Married Rebecca NOMAIDENNAME

Notes

  • ADAM CAMPBELL

    Adam and his brother Elisa are said to have left their home inCharleston SC to go up into the mountains to live with the Cherokee.There Adam met John Green, father to Lucresa. He is listed as John'spartner in a will he left when he passed away. They owned a gold mine.The mine was left to daughter Lucresa. They were Cherokee.  Accountstell us Adam hid Lucresa and son Alexander in brush when the Cherokeewere forced from their lands to keep them from being taken away.

    "They were not legally married according to white men's laws.  Theymade their way to Georgia and lived with Cherokee people there, thentraveled to Walker County Alabama and had several children.  They wereburied there on their own property because Lucresa wasn't allowed tobe buried in a white man's cemetery due to her Cherokee heritage.  Thefamily never received government reimbursement for the lands that thegovernment took from Lucresa during the Indian removal.  This is dueto the fact the marriage could not be proven.  Adam was a preacher atone time and a Union sympathizer during the civil war."
    --  Geni, http://www.geni.com/people/ADAM-CAMPBELL/6000000007442497367

    The dates and places cited in some of the records and references toAdam and his locations are puzzling.

    I am uncertain about this statement that they went to Georgia to livewith the Cherokees there after avoiding the Cherokee Removal fromCarolina, when the Georgia Cherokee land was included in the Removal.But the removal was in stages form the east over a period.  Even thefirst Alabama lands where they later lived in DeKalb County wereoriginally Cherokee land.  The dates commonly reported for the Removalare 1836-39.

    Adam bought land in Alabama in 1852, but it was in DeKalb County, theLebanon area, not Walker County, where all later events arereferenced.  But they were buried in Walker County, and apparently onwhat was family land near Smith Lake.

    DeKalb County, Alabama, was created out of lands ceded to the USGovernment by the Cherokee Nation in connection with the forcedRemoval.  The area that became DeKalb County was once the home ofSequoyah, who developed the Cherokee alphabet.  I have not been ableto find clear evidence of purchase of this land in Walker County.  Buttheir graves are on land near Spring Lake, Walker County, Alabama.

    In 1850, Adam and Lucinda were enumerated with their children in CassCounty, Georgia, consistent with the statement above about theirmoving to Georgia after the Cherokee Removal.

    1850 Federal Census, Cass County, Georgia, 23 September, Division 12,p 320-21 (scan 160-61), Hse #860, Fam #870
    Adam Camel [sic] 45 M [No statement of occupation] $No Real Estate bNorth Carolina [born abt 1805]
    Lucinda Camel 44 F North Carolina [born abt 1806]
    Alexr Camel 22 M b North Carolina [born abt 1828]
    John Camel 16 M b North Carolina [born abt 1834]
    Jackson Camel 14 M b North Carolina [born abt 1836]
    Katherine Camel 6 F North Carolina [born abt 1844]
    Julia Camel 3 F North Carolina [born abt 1847]
    -- page 321 --
    General T Camel 1 M b Georgia [born abt 1849]
    Milly Camel 17 F Georgia [born abt 1833]
    Thomas I Camel 4mo M b Georgia [born abt May 1850]

    Adam bought land in the Lebanon area of DeKalb County, Alabama in1852, where all later events are referenced.  This was an originalarea of the Cherokee Nation and the area was the home of Sequoyah.

    Alabama Land Records
    Document Number: 13907
    Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
    Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
    Adam Campbell
    Land Office: LEBANON
    Total Acres: 40.05
    Signature: Yes
    Canceled Document: No
    Issue Date: 1 Dec 1852
    Mineral Rights Reserved: No
    Metes and Bounds: No
    Multiple Warantee Names: No
    Multiple Patentee Names: No
    Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
    Land Description: 1 NENW   HUNTSVILLE No 9S 6E 23

    This reference to Huntsville on this land registration isquestionable.  The land is in DeKalb, and registration was made in theLebanon office, according to the certificate, and Huntsville is inMadison County, two counties to the northeast.  I have not seen theoriginal document.  There may be errors in this transcription.

    The History of Walker County : its towns and its people says Adamlater states he has lived on the same farm near Jasper, Walker County,for 19 years, making it since 1853.  The Walker County land records,however, record that he first "entered government land" there in 1855. But that could be the formal date of filing his purchase, afterliving there for a couple of years.  The certificate of landregistration I have seen for Walker is dated January 1858(registration date).  Walker County is four counties west of DeKalbCounty.

    Land record for Adam Campbell 1855
    "Campbell, Adam, entered government land in Section 1, Township 13,Range 6, on January 4, 1855.  Walker County Tract Record"

    The certificate on that 80-acre tract of land for this 1855 purchasewas recorded on 1 March 1858.  Perhaps it took him three years to payfor the land.  Five years after the record of purchase, in the 1860census, Adam and Lucresa are living in Walker County, Alabama, nearJasper.

    1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama, 6 June, Eastern Division,PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #40, Family #37
    Adam Camel [sic] 52 M Farmer $160 Real estate $440 Personal b SCCannot read or write [born abt 1808]
    Lucrissa Camel 54 F Domestic SC Cannot read or write [born abt 1806]
    Catherine Camel 16 F Domestic GA [born abt 1844]
    July A Camel 13 F GA [born abt 1847]
    General T Camel 10 M GA Attended School
    Burd Camel 6 M Ala Attended School

    Their son John was living next door.

    1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama, 6 June, Eastern Division,PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #41, Family #38
    John R Camel [sic] 24 M Farmer $160 Real estate $150 Personal b SCCannot read or write [born abt 1836]
    Jane C Camel 25 F Domestic Ala Cannot read or write [born abt 1835]
    Flora A Camel 3 F Ala [born abt 1857]
    Sarah T Camel 1 F Ala [born abt 1859]

    Next door to John was Adam's oldest son Alexander.

    1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama, 6 June, Eastern Division,PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #42, Family #39
    Alex Camel [sic] 27 M MD $160 Real estate $250 Personal b SC Cannotread or write [born abt 1833]
    Milly Camel 25 F Domestic GA Cannot read or write [born abt 1835]
    Thomas J Camel 10 M GA [born abt 1850]
    Robert Camel 8 M Ala [born abt 1852]
    Samuel H Camel 6 M Ala [born abt 1854]
    Sarah A E Camel 3 F Ala [born abt 1857]
    Andrew J Camel 11mos M Ala [born abt July 1859]

    Lucresa died only two years after this census.  She was buried ontheir farm.  Adam was buried next to her after his death in 1873.

    Records of various kinds indicate that Adam and his family lived inWalker County, Alabama.  In an affidavit in 1872 he states that he haslived in his present location, about 20 miles from Jasper, Alabama,working as a farmer, for 19 years (since 1853).  That would mean theymoved about a year after he bought the land in DeKalb County.  I havenot found a record of the sale, but that may be how he funded thepurchase of his farm in Walker County.

    In 1870, the enumerator manages to spell the family name correctly.(Probably earlier enumerators were actually correctly recording thename as the family pronounced it.  You will hear it pronounced thatway today by some.)  In this census, Adam is not noted as unable toread and write, though such a designation is give for Rebeca andGeneral.  Note also that now Adam is reported as born in Georgia, notSouth Carolina.

    1870 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama, 30 June, p 4-5, POJasper, Hse /Fam #30
    Campbell, Adam  65 M W Farmer $200 Real Estate $200 Personal Estate bGeorgia [b abt 1852]
    Campbell, Rebeca 30 F W  Keeping House b Georgia Cannot read or write[born abt 18]
    Campbell, General 20 M W Works on Farm b Georgia Cannot read or write[b abt 1850]
    Campbell, Byrd 16 M W Works on Farm b Alabama [b abt 1854]
    -- page 5 --
    Campbell, James 8 M W b Alabama [b abt 1862]
    Campbell, Salina 7 F W b Alabama [b abt 1863]

    In this census, the youngest child in Adam's home was a daughterSalina age 7.  Thus she born in about 1863, after the death ofLucresa.  It appears that the second person listed in Adam's householdis Rebecca age 30.  No Rebecca has been in the household before.  Thisappears to be Adam's second wife, whom he married after Lucresa'sdeath.  So this Salina would be Rebecca's daughter.

    I do note that none of the Campbell genealogies I have seen recordRebecca as a second wife, or have Salina as a child.  At least onelists Rebecca as a daughter, even though she does not show up untilthe 1870 census.  Some have an additional child, Joshua born about1857, but this child is not reported in the 1860 or 1870 census.  Thegenealogies reporting this child have no death date for Joshua.  Theyalso lack James who shows up in the 1870 census, and appears to beAdam's son, not a grandchild. Some link to the proper 1860 and 1870censuses, but do not account for these individuals.

    James is likely Lucresa's child, since his age puts his birth in 1862,and if exact (if he has actually had his 8th birthday as reported), hewas born several months before Lucresa's date of death on her grave,13 September 1862.  If his age is general and he has not yet actuallyhad his 8th birthday, it could be that Rebecca died in childbirth withhim or soon after.

    Adam was a veteran of the Seminole Wars.  Many Cherokees fought withUS forces in the three conflicts with the various Seminole tribessouth of US territory in the Spanish province of East Florida (WestFlorida already being Us Territory, as part of the LouisianaPurchase).  During the CIvil War, Adam and his sons supported theUnion and John R and Alexander joined the 1st Alabama Cavalry (USA).

    Adam supported the Union as he could on home ground, and testifiedafter the war in a series of about 15 affidavits as to his loyalty forthe Union all during the secession movement and war (referred to inUSA documents as "the Rebellion").  In this affidavit he testifiesthat at one point he was arrested by local authorities for his supportof the Union and was held in the county jail for two months.  He wasarrested several other times on similar charges.  He provided suppliesto the Union forces, and after the war presented claims for payment,which were approved.

    Gravestone of Adam Campbell, husband of Lucresa Green
    Companion stone to his wife Lucresa (Green) Campbell
    Private plot, near Smith Lake, Walker County, Alabama
    "Adam Campbell  Born Nov 12, 1802   Died Dec 22, 1873  Age 71 yrs & 18days"

    Adam's memorial on Find a Grave includes an extensive biography.

    -----------------
    Adam Campbell
    Birth Nov. 12, 1802 Anderson County, South Carolina
    Death Dec. 22, 1873, Walker County, Alabama

    Adam Campbell was born in SC to Robert CAMEL his Mother's name wasRachel?
    [The family name was Campbell, colloquially pronounced Camel, just aswe still today often hear it.  It was sometimes spelled that way.  Itwas sometimes spelled that way.  I've heard it in my time.  -- OBJ]

    In 1829 Adam Campbell is in the Pendleton Dist SC when he receivedland from his father-in-law John Greene. (Deeds, Vol S, p. 490. 50acres on Rocky River, Pendleton Dist, SC.)
    In 1830 Pendleton Dist SC, the land of Adam Campbell was sold bySheriff to James E. Reese. (Vol. S, p. 620., 50 acres Beaverdam Creek.Pendlton Dist. SC.) This was to satisfy a levy of $84.00 against AdamCampbell, Where he was charged & convicted of Hog Stealing.

    In 1836 Adam Campbell served in the Georgia Militia, Forsythe Countycalled out for the Seminole War. Adam Campbell, private, was listed inthe first company of the Forsythe Guards led by Captain James Gaston.This made him eligible to participate and win the Land Lottery of 40acres.

    Adam Campbell was engaged in the mining business in Forsythe County.According to Shadburn's Pioneer History of Forsythe County, GA Vol 1,the Ad Campbell Mine located on land lot 427 1st Dist, 1st SectionForsythe County was named for the original prospector, Adam Campbell.Mr. Campbell in the early 1840's with the assistance of slaves, sunk ashaft one hundred feet deep and ran tunnels in both directions on avein. The ore brought to the surface was put into an igneous stampmill constructed on the location.  It appears that Mr. Campbell wassuccessful in his mining operations.

    In 1858 Adam purchased his first 80 acres of 205 total in WalkerCounty Alabama becoming one of the early settlers. This is where heand his Cherokee wife Lucresa Green Campbell (09 May 1804 - 13 Sep1862) raised their Family.

    When the Civil War broke out Adam was a strong Unionist. He took threeof his Sons to Huntsville Alabama to enlist as in the AL 1st Calvary.I know of at least twice that Adam was arrest[ed] while travelingduring the Civil War. He was held in jail in Blountsville, AL for twomonths and then another time in Birmingham.  Adam sacrificed much forthis Country. He lost two Sons to the War and after the War he appliedto the Claims Commission and received $220.00 for his losses.

    Adam Campbell died 22 Dec 1873 at his home located on the Sipsey Forkof the Warrior River off the Smith Lake Dam Road.  My husband made theCemetery Sign and we placed it by the side of the road leading backinto the woods to their resting place.
    (bio by: Lynn Tyler)

    Spouse Lucresa Green Campbell (1804 - 1862)
    Children:
    Alexander Campbell (1832 - 1862)
    Juleyan Campbell Blevins (1844 - 1921)
    General Taylor Campbell (1846 - 1922)
    Kate Campbell Light (1848 - 1896)
    Byrd Campbell (1850 - 1912)

    Inscription:  "Behold Dear Friends, As you pass by As you are now soonce was I."

    Burial Adam & Lucresa Campbell Cemetery, Walker County, Alabama

    Created by LaShane Marlow Aug 03, 2009
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #40239517,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=40239517
    -----------------------

Sources

  • 1. Gravestone of Adam Campbell, Private plot, near Smith Lake, WalkerCounty, Alabama
  • 2. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 3. P J Martin
  • 4. Deborah Thompson
  • 5. Clint Norwood, Note left on genealogy site, 1 July 2011
  • 6. Walker Cuonty, Alabama Land Records 1855
  • 7. 1860 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama
    • 6 June, Eastern Division, PO Jasper, Page 7 (869), House #40, Family
  • 8. 1870 Federal Census, Walker County, Alabama
    • 30 June, p 4-5, PO Jasper, Hse /Fam #30
  • 9. Geni
    • Campbell Family,
  • 10. 1850 Federal Census, Cass County, Georgia
    • 23 September, Division 12, p 320-21 (scan 160-61), Hse #860, Fam #870
  • 11. Alabama Land Records
    • Document Number: 13907, Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566,   Act or
  • 12. Ancestry Trees
    • Rosenbaum/Driscoll,
  • 13. 1880 Federal Census, Blount County, Alabama
    • 16 June, District 13, page 11, Hse/Fam #61
  • 14. Ancestry Trees
    • Lynn Tyler,
  • 15. Gravestone of Lucresa (Green) Campbell, Private plot, near Smith Lake,Walker County, Alabama
  • 16. Court Documents, Anderson District, South Carolina
    • Charge and witness statement, names Lucretia Campbell as wife odf Adam

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