Peta Wanderer Peautachnoconne NOCONA Pecos PARKER Quanah PARKER Cynthia Ann Naduah PARKER Mini tree diagram
Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER

Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER1,2,3,1

18581,1 - about 18631,1

Life History



about 1863


Most likely influenza

about 1863

Buried in Fosterville Cemetery, Anderson County, Texas.1


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    PARKER, CYNTHIA ANN (ca. 1825-ca. 1871)

    Cynthia Ann Parker, a captive of the Comanches, was born to Lucy(Duty) and Silas M. Parker in Crawford County, Illinois. According tothe 1870 census of Anderson County she would have been born betweenJune 2, 1824, and May 31, 1825. When she was nine or ten her familymoved to Central Texas and built Fort Parker on the headwaters of theNavasota River in what is now Limestone County. On May 19, 1836, alarge force of Comanche warriors accompanied by Kiowa and Kichaiallies attacked the fort and killed several of its inhabitants.

    During the raid the Comanches seized five captives, including CynthiaAnn. The other four were eventually released, but Cynthia remainedwith the Indians for almost twenty-five years. ... She had marriedPeta Nocona and eventually had two sons, Quanah Parker and Pecos, anda daughter, Topsannah [Toh-Tsee-Ah, or Prairie Flower].

    --  Margaret Schmidt Hacker, "PARKER, CYNTHIA ANN," Handbook of TexasOnline (,accessed March 02, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified onNovember 3, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

    Prairie Flower
    Birth 1858
    Death 1863

    Folk Figure. Sister of Quanah Parker. Her Comanche name wasToh-Tsee-Ah [Most sources give her Comanche name in the form ofTopsannah] and she was one of three children born to Cynthia AnnParker and a daring Comanche chief named Peta Nocona. Her mother was awhite woman captured by the Comanche people when she was 9 or 10 yearsold. She was given to a family who raised her as their very own. Shecompletely accepted the Comanche life style and refused to return toher white family.

    One of Prairie Flower's brothers grew up to be the great Comanche warchief, Quanah Parker. The other, Pecos, died in 1863 from the dreadedsmall pox. In December of 1860, the Texas Rangers "rescued" Cynthiaand Prairie Flower and released them to the Parker family. Neither ofthem could adjust, nor wanted to adjust, to the white man's lifestyle. Many attempts were made to escape and return to the Comanchepeople, but each time they were caught. She pined for her former lifeand her health deteriorated.

    In late 1863 or early 1864 she died, most likely of influenza. She wasburied in the Fosterville Cemetery in Henderson County, Texas. [Note:Fosterville is n Anderson County, Texas.  Historical sources sayAnderson Co for death and burial of both Prairie Flower and her motherCynthia Ann.  But there is a grave in Van Zandt County for PrairieFlower.]  She was soon to be joined by her mother and they layside-by-side for forty-six years. Her brother, Quanah, had theirbodies moved in 1910 to the Post Oak Cemetery in Oklahoma. In 1911,Quanah was buried next to his mother as was his wish. In 1957, allthree bodies were reinterred on Chief's Knoll in the Fort Sill PostCemetery. There they lay with many of the famous chiefs of the IndianTerritory. (bio by Tom Todd)

    [Though the bio above and other similar sources indicate that PrairieFlower's body was moved to Ft Sill  in 1957, a Houston Chronicle storywith photo in October 1965 reports that the body had just beendisinterred from the Van Zandt grave and was being transferred to FtSill at that time.  Surely this story was not bogus.  However, thestory did erroneously report that Prairie Flower's body had been inthe Van Zandt grave for 55 years, that is, since 1910.  This isprobably a confusion with the date of removal of Cynthia Ann's body toPost Oak Cemetery in Comanche County, Oklahoma, by Quanah in 1910.]

    Peta Nocona (1820 - 1864)
    Cynthia Ann Parker (1827 - 1870)

    Burial Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma

    Maintained by Find A Grave Jul 09, 1998
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #3141,

    A photo story in the Houston Chronicle in 1865 reports that PrairieFlower's body had been disinterred from her grave in Van Zandt County,Texas, where it says she was buried 55 years before (1910).  She wasbeing moved to Ft Sill.  This story is confusing since it clashes withinformation reported in several other sources.  The biography above onFind a Grave states that Prairie Flower was buried in FostervilleCemetery, which is in Anderson County, Texas, near Palestine, whileVan Zandt County is two counties north of there.  Other sources agree.

    However, one genealogy has provided a photo of her footstone from theburial in Van Zandt County.  This would seem to mean the biographyposted on Find a Grave and other sources reporting that Prairie Flowerwas buried in Fosterville like her mother are wrong.  But then whydoes the Houston Chronicle report that Prairie Flower was buried inVan Zandt in 1910, the year that Cynthia's body was moved to Post OakCemetery in Comanche County, Oklahoma?  This must be due to confusionwith the move of Cynthia Ann's burial to Post Oak Cemetery in 1910.

    Some sources report or leave the impression that Prairie Flower wasmoved by Quanah when he moved Cynthia Ann's body to Post Oak Cemeteryin 1910.  The Houston  Chronicle story reports that Prairie Flower wasmoved in 1865, while other sources report or leave the impression thatPrairie Flower was moved to Ft Sill at the same time as her mother,first in 1910, then finally to Ft Sill in 1957.  The Houston Chroniclestory of removal from Van Zandt County to Ft Sill in 1965 must becorrect.


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