Peta Wanderer Peautachnoconne NOCONA Pecos PARKER  TO-NAR-CY Cynthia Ann Nau-Nocca PARKER We-rah-re Weyodee PARKER Wanada Woon-ar-dy PARKER Mary Pbutsi Pache PARKER Alice Tope-se-up PARKER Weck-e-ah Yellow BEAR Laura Ne-dah PARKER Esther Sunrise PARKER Len Nehio PARKER Thomas Tit-tah PARKER  A-ER-WUTH-TAKE-UM White Mah-cheet-to-wook-ky PARKER Bessie Mah-cheet-to-wook-ky PARKER  MAH-CHEET-TO-WOOK-KY Johnnie PARKER  CO-BY Kelsey To-pay PARKER Culbertson PARKER Goverson PARKER Chee PARKER Lena PARKER  TO-PAY Harold Pah-ko PARKER Baldwin Tah-too-ah-rap PARKER Honnie PARKER  CHO-NY Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER Cynthia Ann Naduah PARKER Mini tree diagram
Quanah PARKER

Quanah PARKER1,8,2,9,10,3,11,11,7,12,4

1852 - 23rd Feb 19116,5,7

Life History

1845

Born in Comancheria, Chickasaw Nation

(less likely)

1852

Born in Gaines County, Texas.1,2,3,4

(most likely)

1873

Birth of daughter Cynthia Ann Nau-Nocca PARKER in Adobe Wells, Hutchinson, Texas.8,8,25,26,27,28,29

about 1876

Married TO-NAR-CY.4

about 1878

Birth of son White Mah-cheet-to-wook-ky PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.4,14,15,16

about 1878

Married Weck-e-ah Yellow BEAR in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.4

1880

Birth of daughter We-rah-re Weyodee PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.8,4,8,11

about 1881

Married A-ER-WUTH-TAKE-UM

about 1882

Birth of daughter Laura Ne-dah PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.1,11,17,14

about 1882

Married MAH-CHEET-TO-WOOK-KY in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.4

1883

Birth of son Harold Pah-ko PARKER.8,8

about 1886

Married CO-BY in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.8

about 1887

Birth of daughter Wanada Woon-ar-dy PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.8,11,8,30,31

about 1887

Birth of daughter Esther Sunrise PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.11

1887

Birth of son Johnnie PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.33,8,8

Dec 1887

Birth of son Baldwin Tah-too-ah-rap PARKER in Fort Sill, Comanche, Oklahoma.8,11,14

15th Apr 1890

Birth of daughter Mary Pbutsi Pache PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands.11,8,8

Oct 1890

Birth of son Len Nehio PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.13,18,19,20,8,11,21,22

1892

Birth of daughter Honnie PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.11,8

about 1893

Divorced from CO-BY in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.17,8

Mar 1893

Birth of son Thomas Tit-tah PARKER in near Cache, Comanche, Oklahoma.8,20,11,23,24,14

about 1894

Married TO-PAY in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.4

4th Jan 1894

Birth of daughter Alice Tope-se-up PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.8,8,4,11

1895

Birth of daughter Bessie Mah-cheet-to-wook-ky PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.11,4,14,15

about 1896

Married CHO-NY in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory

20th Jun 1898

Birth of son Kelsey To-pay PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.4,1,11,13,14

Aug 1902

Death of son Harold Pah-ko PARKER.8,32,8

about 1904

Birth of son Culbertson PARKER in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.11

between 1905 and 1910

Birth of son Goverson PARKER.1,8

between 1905 and 1910

Death of son Goverson PARKER in 1910 census says Topay has had 4 children, only 2 living, Kelsey and Chee named.  So Culberson and one other have died..1,8

before 1905

Divorced from A-ER-WUTH-TAKE-UM in Based on age of first child with second husband, Mary Taum-mer-ra-da.  Mary was age 9 in 1905, thus born about 1896.11

30th Jun 1905

Resident Age: 54; Relation to Head of House: Husband in Comanche Reservation, Oklahoma Territory.3

about 1908

Birth of son Chee PARKER in Comanche County, Oklahoma.1,8,14

after 1910

Death of daughter Lena PARKER.8

before 1910

Death of son Culbertson PARKER in Comanche County, Oklahoma

after May 1910

Birth of daughter Lena PARKER.8

23rd Feb 1911

Died in Cache, Comanche, Oklahoma.6,5,7

Heart trouble

25th Feb 1911

Buried in Post Oak Cemetery, Comanche County, Oklahoma.5

9th Aug 1957

Reburial: Originally buried in Post Oak Cemetery, Comanche County, Oklahoma,next to Cynthia Ann and Topsannah; all 3 were reburied in 1957 in FtSill Military Cemetery in Elgin in Ft. Sill Military Cemetery, Elgin, Comanche County, Oklahoma.6,5,7

Notes

  • ----------------------
    Quanah Parker was born to Peta Nocona, a Quahadi (Kwahado, Quahada)Comanche war leader, and Cynthia Ann Parker, a white woman who hadbeen captured by the Comanche and raised as an Indian. Cynthia'sfamily, the Parkers, were influential people in prestatehood Texas, sothe raid on Ft. Parker on May 19, 1836, is considered a major event inTexas history. Several family members died in the raid, butnine-year-old Cynthia was one of those taken alive. She and herbrother were adopted by the Natives, but her brother apparently diedsoon after. Cynthia was renamed Preloch and was brought up in atraditional Quahadi village.

    In her middle teens, Cynthia married Peta Nocona. About 1852 (somesources say as early as 1845), Quanah was born to them as their bandcamped at Cedar Lake, Texas. Approximately three years later, Quanah'ssister Topsannah ["Prairie Flower"] was born. Their childhoodcoincided with major changes in Comanche life, as American settlementincreased and free range for Indians and buffalo decreased.

    Cynthia's family kept up the search for her throughout the years.Finally, in 1861, Texas Rangers recaptured Cynthia and brought her andTopsannah back to her relatives. Although she knew about her earlyyears, Cynthia had become completely Comanche, and she mourned for herIndian family and friends. It is believed that Prairie Flower died inthe mid-1860s, and Cynthia followed her to the grave in 1870.
    ...
    By the beginning of 1911, Quanah Parker was in obvious poor health. Hehad rheumatism and his heart was weakening. In February, after a longand tiring train ride, he took to his bed, suffering from hearttrouble. On February 25th, 1911, Quanah Parker died at the Star House,Tonarcy at his side. Despite criticism during his life fromtraditional Comanche, Quanah Parker was so revered that the processionto his resting place was said to be over a mile long.

    After a Christian service in a local church, Quanah was buried next tohis mother's and sister's reinterred remains in Cache County,Oklahoma. Four years later, graverobbers broke into his grave, takingthe jewelry with which he had been buried.

    The Parkers ritually cleaned and then reburied him. Quanah Parker,Cynthia Ann, and Topsannah were all moved to Ft. Sill MilitaryCemetery in 1957.  [A photo story in the Houston Chronicle in October1965 reports that at that time Topsana's body had just beendisinterred from Van Zandt County, Texas, and was being then reburiedin the Ft Sill Cemetery with her mother and brother.] The life ofQuanah Parker is today seen as the extraordinary story of a personsuccessfully living in two worlds, two minds, two eras.
    --  Encyclopedia.com, "Quanah Parker,"http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Quanah_Parker.aspx
    ----------------------

    Though this encyclopedia reports that Quanah was born as the bandcamped out in Texas, Wikipedia reports that he told two stories.  Onewas consistent with the report of birth near Clear Lake, in GainesCounty, Texas.  But on another occasion he said he had been told hewas born in the Wichita Mountains of Oklahoma.  Historians generallyfollow the Clear Lake story.

    In the period of time reported by various sources for Quanah's birth(1845-1852), that area of current Oklahoma was part of the Chickasawand Choctaw Nation Lands based on the original Removal treaties movingeastern Nations to the unassigned federal lands of the west.  Thatside of the Chickasaw-Choctaw lands is Chickasaw Nation, going to theRed River with the Choctaw Nation land now so designated being farthereast to the Arkansas border.

    Trying to be as accurate as possible to the known historicalsituation, I designate Quanah's claimed Oklahoma birth place asChickasaw Nation.  From 1855 the area was leased by the Federalgovernment then annexed by treaty (see details below) in 1866 tobecome part of the Unassigned Lands until the designation of OklahomaTerritory in 1890.  For these reasons you will see the same areadesignated by those territorial names depending on the time.  When thetribal lands were converted to indiviual or famliy plots, the land wasincorporated into the state of Oklahoma.  The Comanche reservaton areawas generally in Comanche County, Oklahoma.

    --------------------------
    Biographer Bill Neeley cites a letter Quanah wrote late in life to hisfriend, rancher Charles Goodnight, in which Quanah stated, "From thebest information I have, I was born about 1850 on Elk Creek just belowthe Wichita Mountains."  Author S.C. Gwynne supports the Oklahomaclaim in his 2010 book, Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker andthe Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe inAmerican History.

    However, another account disputes the birthplace, contending that in1911 Parker was seen traveling by automobile near Lubbock, Texas,telling observers he was going to visit what he understood to be hisbirthplace at Laguna Sabinas (Cedar Lake) in Gaines County, Texas.

    --  Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quanah_Parker
    --------------------------

    Different sources report common dates of birth as 1845 or 1852.Reports in historical sources and records report birth date as either23 February 1911 or 25 February 1911.  He was chief of only his band.He was given the title "Last chief of the Comanches" by Colonel Ronald(Ranald) Mackenzie, the commanding officer of Ft Sill.  He was opposedby other leaders who did not want to stop fighting the US government.Various sources report the details.

    "Quanah was not elected chief, as the Comanche had no single chief,the US appointed him chief, of the entire nation, once he was on thereservation."
    --  Native American Images,http://www.nativeamericanimages.net/2011/10/comanche.html

    The United States established a resevation in 1867 for the Apache,Comanche and Kiowa on lands they had originally lesed from theChickasaw and Choctaw Tribes.  These were called the Leased District.In 1866 the US had gained possession of the Leased District throughthe Reconstruction Treaties.

    "Chickasaw, who were situated in the southern portion of I.T. In 1855the federal government leased the western portion of their lands,known as the Leased District. This area was located in southwesternpart of present Oklahoma. Through the Reconstruction Treaties of 1866the Choctaw and Chickasaw ceded the Leased District to the federalgovernment. As part of the Medicine Lodge treaties of 1867 the Kiowa,Comanche, and Apache were assigned a reservation in the district,which included present Comanche County."
    --  History of Comanche County,http://www.comanchecounty.us/index.php/visitors/history-of-comanche-county

    --------------------------
    Quanah and the Quahada Comanche, of whom his father, Peta Nocona hadbeen chief, refused to accept the provisions of the 1867 Treaty ofMedicine Lodge, which confined the southern Plains Indians to areservation, promising to clothe the Indians and turn them intofarmers in imitation of the white settlers.

    Knowing of past lies and deceptive treaties of the "White man", Quanahdecided to remain on the warpath, raiding in Texas and Mexico and outmaneuvering Army Colonel Ronald S. Mackenzie and others. He was almostkilled during the attack on buffalo hunters at Adobe Walls in theTexas Panhandle in 1874. The U.S. Army was relentless in its Red Rivercampaign of 1874-75. Quanah's allies, the Quahada were weary andstarving.

    Mackenzie appointed Quanah Parker as the chief of the Comanche shortlyafter his surrender, but the older chiefs resented Parker’s youth, andhis white blood in particular." And in 1892, when Quanah Parker signedthe Jerome Agreement that broke up the reservation, the Comanche weresplit into two factions:
    (1). those who realized that all that could be done had been done fortheir nation; and
    (2). those who blamed Chief Parker for selling their country."

    --  Lone Star Internet, "Quanah Parker,"http://www.lone-star.net/mall/texasinfo/quanah.htm
    --------------------------

    1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory, 11 June, Apache, Kiowa &Comanche Reservation, District 12, page 74A, Hse #744, Fam #749
    Parker, Quanah Head Ind M 1852 48 Married 24 yrs TX TX TX Farmer OwnsComanche Father Comanche Mother Comanche 1/2 White
    Parker, To nar sy  Wife Ind M 1865 35 Married 24 yrs 1 children/-living OklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Wick e ah  Old Wife Ind F 1860 40 Married 22 yrs 4 children/-living OklaTerr TX OklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Tope se up  Dau Ind F 1894 6 Single OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche 1/4 White
    Parker, Ho pah rah  Mother-in-law W F 1810 90 Widow OklaTerr Unk UnkComanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Chony Wife Ind F 1863 37 Married 24 yrs 4 children/2 livingOklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Honnie  Dau Ind F 1892 8 Single OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche 1/4 White
    Parker, Mah Che to Wook Ki Wife Ind F 1862 38 Married 18 yrs 3children/2 living OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr Comanche ComancheComanche
    Parker, Laura [Matches Bessie in other lists] Dau Ind F 1895 5 SingleOklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Topay Wife Ind F 1879 21 Married 6 yrs 1 children/1 livingOklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Parker, Kelsy Son W F [sic] 1 Single OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche 1/4 White

    If we go by the birth states of the parents of the children, thenQuanah could not be the father of the children reported here.  Theenumerator has erred in the birth place of the father of Tope se Up,Honnnie, Laura and Kelsey, which should have been Texas, not OklahomaTerritory.

    Next in the list is Weck-e-ah's daughter We-ra-ra or Weyodee with herhusband Tah-ma-ke-ra.  Note that the enumerator has for some reasonput the number of children born and living on the line for her husbandinstead of We rah ra.

    1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory, 11 June, Apache, Kiowa &Comanche Reservation, District 12, page 74A, Hse #744, Fam #749
    Tah ma ke ra Head Ind M 1876 24 Married 5 yrs 2 children/2 livingOklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr Horse Herd [No rpt of ownership] ComancheComanche Comanche
    We rah ra Wife Ind F 1880 20 Married 5 yrs no children rpt OklaTerrOklaTerr OklaTerr  Comanche Comanche Comanche
    Tah ma ke ra, Samuel Son Ind M 1896 4 OklaTerr OklaTerrOklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche
    Tah ma ke ra, Saphio Dau Ind F 1898 2 Single OklaTerr OklaTerrOklaTerr Comanche Comanche Comanche

    In 1900 Quanah's sons with A-er-wuth-take-um are in a mission schoolon the reservation.  I see that the enumerator has reported Lenn andboth his parents as Kiowas, but has it right for Thomas.

    1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory, 1 June, Apache, Kiowa &Comanche Reservation, District 25, page 29B, Methvin Institute MissionSchool
    Parker, Lenn Pupil Ind M Oct 1890 9 OklaTerr OklaTerr OklaTerr HorseHerd [No rpt of ownership] Kiowa Father Kiowa Mother Kiowa [Should allbe Comanche]
    Parker, Thomas Pupil Ind M Mar 1893 6 OklaTerr OklaTerrOklaTerrComanche Comanche Comanche

    In the 1905 Comanche census, we have the only list I have seen inrecords of his wives and some of their children in family groupstogether.  Quanah is listed with 6 of his 7 wives and some of theirchildren.  On his memorial on Find A Grave, a 7th wife is reported,named Co-by (1865-1913).  In the list on Wikipedia, only 6 wives arereported, including Co-by, but leaving out Weck-e-ah.  One sourcementions that Co-by and Quanah were divorced.

    Another wife also was divorced from Quanah.  In this 1905 census, thelast wife listed, A-er-wuth-take-um, mother of Len and Thomas, islisted after the other wives with her second husband Sidney Mah-seetTaum-mer-ra-da, with both her children with Quanah and three youngerchidlren.  The oldest child with the second husband's name, was 9years old, and thus born about 1896.  So A-er-wuth-take-um married hersecond husband Taum-mer-ra-da about 1895, meaning she divorced Quanahbefore that.

    1905 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma, 30 June, KiowaAgency, Comanche Tribe, Page 22
    Ind Name Quanah Eng Name Quanah Parker Male Husband age 64
    Ind Name To-na-rcy Female Wife age 41
    Eng Name Esther Parker Female  age 18

    Ind Name Ne-dah   Eng Name Laura Parker Female age 23

    Ind Name Weck-e-ah Female Mother age 46
    Ind Name Pache     Eng Name Mary Parker Female Daughter age 14
    Ind Name Tope-se-up   Female Daughter age 12
    Ind Name Woon-ar-dy Eng Name Woon-ar-dy Parker Female Daughter age 22

    Ind Name Cho-ny    Female  Mother age 43
    Eng Name Honnie Parker Female Daughter age 14

    Ind Name Tah-too-ah-rap Eng Name Baldwin Parker Male   age 18

    Ind Name Mah-cheet-to-wook-ky  Female Mother age 44
    Eng Name Bessie Parker Female Daughter age 11

    Eng Name White Parker   Male        age 18

    Ind Name To-pay     Female Mother age 27
    Eng Name Kelsey Parker Male Son age 7
    Eng Name Culberson Parker Male Son age 1

    Taum-mer-ra-da       Eng Name Sidney Mah-seet  Male Husband 36
    A-er-wuth-take-um   Female wife 41
    Ne-hio                  Eng Name Len Parker  Male Stepson 15
    Tit-tah                 Eng Name Thomas Parker  Male Stepson 13
    Eng Name Mary Taum-mer-ra-da  Female Dau 9
    Eng Name Josephine Taum-mer-ra-da  Female Dau 4
    Eng Name Dyson Mah-seet Male Son 1/4

    1910 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma, 17 May, QuanahTownship, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, District 29, page 20A,Hse/Fam #7
    Parker, Quanah Head M Ind 60 [b abt 1850] Marriage 2 Married unk yrsComanche/OK Comanche/US White/TX 1/2 blood Farmer/Asst to Kiowa AgencyEnglish mother tongue Owns
    Parker, Tonarcy Wife F Ind 45 [b abt 1865] Marriage 1 Married unk yrs1 child/0 living Comanche/OK Comanche/OK Comanche/OK Full bloodComanche mother tongue
    Parker, Topay Wife F Ind 38 [b abt 1872] Marriage 1 Married unk yrs 4children/2 living Comanche/OK Comanche/OK Comanche/OK Full bloodComanche mother tongue
    Parker, Kelsey Son M Ind 12 [b abt 1898] Single Comanche/OKComanche/OK Comanche/OK 3/4 blood English mother tongue
    Parker, Chee Son M Ind 2 [b abt 1908] Single Comanche/OK Comanche/OKComanche/OK 3/4 blood [no language rpt]
    Acofty  Bro-in-law M Ind 60 [b abt 1850] Widowed Comanche/OKComanche/Unk Comanche/Unk Full blood Married 4 times Comanche mothertongue
    Wah woom ah yetahy Mother-in-law F Ind 70 [b abt 1840] WidowComanche/OK Comanche/Unk Comanche/Unk Full blood Married 4 timesComanche mother tongue
    Sah wan pe tipe Niece F Ind 13 [b abt 1897] Single Comanche/OKComanche/OK Comanche/OK Full blood English mother tongue

    Quanah's record reports this is his 2nd marriage.  The 1900 censusreports that he had been married to Tonarcy 24 years, to Weck-e-ah 22years.  But Cynthia Ann, the daughter of Weck-e-ah, is reported to beQuanah's first child.  I do not have a confirmed name for Tonarcy'sone child.  This 1910 census tells us her child has died.

    Next door is Quanah's daughter with Weck-e-ah, Laura Ne-dah Birdsong.

    1910 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma, 17 May, QuanahTownship, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, District 29, page 20A,Hse/Fam #6
    Birdsong, Aubra C Head M Ind 25 [b abt 1885] Marriage 1 Married 5 yrsWhite/MO White/MO Government Farmer, Kiowa Agency English mothertongue Rents
    Birdsong, Laura P Wife F Ind 27 [b abt 1883] Marriage 1 Married 5 yrs1 child/0 living Comanche/OK Comanche/OK Comanche/OK 3/4 bloodComanche mother tongue
    Birdsong, Anona Dau F Ind 4 [b abt 1906] Single Comanche/TX White/MOComanche/OK 3/8 blood English mother tongue

    Quanah died in 1911.  In the census that year, several of his wivesand children show up in their own households.  We see here the mixedusage of English and Comanche names with individual family members.

    -----------------
    1911 Indian Census Rolls, Kiowa Comanche and Apache Tribes, Oklahoma,30 June, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 20

    1 To narcy 46 [b abt 1864] F Roll #1

    2 Laura Parker Birdsong (Nedah) Head 28 [b abt 1862] F Roll #1 1/2
    3 Anona A Birdsong Dau 6 [b abt 1905] F

    4 Weck e ah 51 [b abt 1860] F

    5 Ta too ah rup (Baldwin Parker)  Head 23 M [b abt 1888] Roll #3 1/2
    6 Tab bo noid (Nora Goot se que tah) Wife 25 [b abt 1886] F
    7 Ollie Parker Dau 5 [b abt 1906] F
    8 Elmer Parker Son 3 [b abt 1908] M

    9 Mah cheet to wook ky Head 49 [b abt 1862] F Roll #4

    10 Mah cheet to wook ky Bessie (Parker) Head 23 [b abt 1888] M Roll #41/2
    11 Theadore Ase nap Son [no age rptd] M

    12 Mah cheet to wook ky (White Parker) Head 33 [b abt 1878] M Roll #41/2
    13 Bertha Parker Dau 12 [b abt 1898] M

    14 To pay Head 32 [b abt 1879] F Roll #5
    15 Kelsey To pay (Parker) Son 12 [b abt 1898] M
    16 Chee Parker Son 4 [b abt 1907] M

    17 Taum-mer-ra-da (Sidney Mah seet)  Head 45 M [b abt 1866] Roll #6
    18 A-er-wuth-take-um   45 [b abt 1866, grave is 1853] F
    19 Mary Taum-mer-ra-da  Female Dau 15 [b abt 1896]

    20 Tit tah (Thomas Parker)  19 M Roll #6 1/2
    -----------------

    --------------------------
    Quanah Parker
    Quahada Comanche 1890-1911

    Born 1845 or 1852
    Died February 23, 1911 Quanah Parker Star House, Cache, Oklahoma

    Comanche leader to bring the Quahada band into Fort Sill
    Founder of the Native American Church & peyote religion
    Cause of death Heart failure by rheumatism

    Buried (reinterred) Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Oklahoma

    Spouse(s) Chony, Mah-Chetta-Wookey, Ah-Uh-Wuth-Takum, Coby, Toe-Pay,and Tonarcy

    Parents :
    Peta Nocona
    Cynthia Ann Parker

    Relatives
    Po-bish-e-quasho "Iron Jacket," John Parker, James W. Parker, DanielParker, John Richard Parker

    Quanah Parker (ca. 1845 or 1852 - February 23, 1911) wasComanche/English-American from the Comanche band Noconis ("wanderers"or "travelers"), and emerged as a dominant figure, particularly afterthe 'Comanches' final defeat. He was one of the last Comanche chiefs.The US appointed Quanah principal chief of the entire nation once thepeople had gathered on the reservation and later introduced generalelections. Quanah was a Comanche chief, a leader in the NativeAmerican Church, and the last leader of the powerful Quahadi bandbefore they surrendered their battle of the Great Plains and went to areservation in Indian Territory. He was the son of Comanche chief PetaNocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, an English-American, who had beenkidnapped at the age of nine and assimilated into the tribe. QuanahParker also led his people on the reservation, where he became awealthy rancher and influential in Comanche and European Americansociety.

    --  Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quanah_Parker
    --------------------------

    His memorial on Find a Grave reports the grave on the new markerplaced upon his reinterment in Ft Sill Military Cemetery, Ft Sill,Oklahoma.

    --------------------------------
    Quanah Parker
    Birth 1845
    Death Feb 23, 1911

    Native American Folk Figure. He is often referred to as the last Chiefof the Comanches, but the truth of the matter is that the Comanchepeople never elected him as a chief. In fact there was no such thingas Chief of the Comanches. Each band of Comanches had their own chief.After the surrender of the Comanche people and their placement on thereservation, Colonel Ranald S Mackenzie appointed him Chief ofComanches. He was the son of Peta Nacona, a noted fierce Comanchechief, and Cynthia Ann Parker, a white woman captured by theComanches. Quanah refused to sign the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867and went on a savage eight year war against the whites.

    It has been said that he never lost a battle with the white man duringthose years. In 1874, he had his closest brush with death when he wasshot twice by buffalo hunters in a battle at Adobe Wells. In the year1875 it became very clear to Quanah that the white people were far toonumerous and too well armed to be defeated. Mackenzie sent Jacob J.Sturm, a physician and post interpreter, to solicit Quanah'ssurrender. Sturm found Quanah, whom he called "a young man of muchinfluence with his people," and pleaded his case. Quanah rode to amesa, where he saw a wolf come toward him, howl and trot away to thenortheast. Overhead, an eagle "glided lazily and then whipped hiswings in the direction of Fort Sill."

    This was a sign, Quanah thought, and on June 2, 1875, he and his bandsurrendered at Fort Sill in present-day Oklahoma. The Comanches wereplaced on a reservation in southwestern Oklahoma The reservationagents saw it as their duty to eliminate all Native American culturesand replace them with the ways of the white man. Quanah refused togive up his multiple wives and to cease the use of peyote. He alsonegotiated grazing rights with Texas cattlemen, and he invested inrailroads. After his appointment as chief, the older chiefs resentedhis youth and particularly resented his white blood. When he signedthe Jerome Agreement in 1892, the tribe was split into two factions;those who thought all that could be done had been done; and those whoblamed Parker for selling their country.

    He invested wisely, owned a large, beautiful home in Cache, Oklahomaknown as the Star House. He had five wives and twenty-five children.He was the wealthiest Indian in the United States. He was highlyrespected by white people and hunted with Theodore Roosevelt. When hedied in 1911, he was buried next to his mother and sister in the PostOak Cemetery in Oklahoma. In 1957, all three bodies were relocated tothe Chief's Knoll in the Fort Sill Cemetery, in Lawton, Oklahoma. (bioby: Tom Todd)

    Parents:
    Peta Nocona (1820 - 1864)
    Cynthia Ann Parker (1827 - 1870)

    Spouses:
    Weckeah Parker (____ - 1923)
    Takewm Aerwuth (1853 - 1948)
    Maheheet-To-Wook-Ky (1862 - 1914)
    Cho ny (1863 - 1913)
    To-Nar-Cy (1864 - 1931)
    Coby (1865 - 1919)
    Topay (1870 - 1963)

    Children:
    Bessie Parker Asenap (____ - 1927)
    Lena Parker
    Esther Parker Tabbyyetchy (____ - 1919)
    Goverson Parker
    Cynthia Ann Parker Cox (1873 - 1946)
    Neda P Parker Birdsong (1877 - 1968)
    Knox A Beall (1878 - 1958) [adopted]
    Weyodee Parker Tahmahkera (1880 - 1965)
    Honnie Parker (1882 - 1919)
    Harold Parker (1883 - 1902)
    Wanada Parker Page (1887 - 1970)
    White Parker (1887 - 1956)
    Johnnie Parker (1887 - 1922)
    Baldwin Parker (1887 - 1963)
    Len Parker (1888 - 1960)
    Thomas Parker (1889 - 1975)
    Mary Pache Parker Clark (1890 - 1952)
    Alice Parker Purdy (1894 - 1971)
    Kelsey Topay Parker (1899 - 1921)

    Burial Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma

    Maintained by Find A Grave, Record added: Jan 01, 2001
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #1371,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1371
    --------------------------------

    Quanah adopted Knox A Beall.

    ------------------------------
    Knox A Beall
    Birth Jan 3, 1878
    Death Jan 29, 1958

    Adopted Son of Quanah Parker. He is mentioned in the followingarticle,
    http://www.genealogyforum.rootsweb.com/gfaol/resource/NA/nale1.txt

    Here is another story about Knox Beall,
    http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/papers/10532%20Beall.pdf

    Parents Quanah Parker (1845 - 1911)

    Burial Cache Cemetery, Cache, Comanche County, Oklahoma

    Created by Cokeman2 Jun 12, 2010
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #53587798,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=53587798
    ------------------------------

Sources

  • 1. 1910 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 17 May, Quanah Township, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation,
  • 2. Encyclopedia of World Biography
    • "Quanah Parker"
  • 3. U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
    • Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2007;
    • Year: 1905; Roll: M595_213; Line: 1; Agency: Kiowa Indian
  • 4. 1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory
    • 11 June, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, District 12, page 74A,
  • 5. Encyclopedia.com
  • 6. Encyclopedia of World Biography
  • 7. U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928-1962
    • Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2012;
  • 8. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 9. Ancestry.Com Discussion Boards
    • "Rudolph Fischer, Indian Captive"
  • 10. Wikipedia
  • 11. 1905 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency, Page 22
  • 12. Handbook of Texas History Online
  • 13. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942
  • 14. 1911 Indian Census Rolls, Kiowa Comanche and Apache Tribes, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 20
  • 15. 1914 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 1 July, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 1
  • 16. 1905 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 22
  • 17. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014
  • 18. 1917 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency
  • 19. 1930 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 10 April, Chandler Township, District 4, page 5A, Hse/Fam #81
  • 20. 1914 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 1 July, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, page 2
  • 21. 1920 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency
  • 22. U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
    • Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2007;
    • Year: 1930; Roll: M595_218; Line: 1; Agency: Kiowa
  • 23. 1900 Federal Census, Oklahoma Territory
    • 1 June, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, District 25, page 29B,
  • 24. 1940 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 2 April, Chandler Township, District 16-4, Page 1A, Hse #3, Owns $800
  • 25. 1896 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma Territory
    • 30 June, Comanche Reservation, Unassigned Lands, Page 48
  • 26. 1910 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 14 May Zella Township, District 67, Indian Population, page 13B, Hse
  • 27. 1920 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 27 January, Zella Township, District 141, page 3B, Hse #36, Fam #54
  • 28. 1926 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma
    • no date, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 35
  • 29. 1930 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 10 April, Lawton Township, District 16-24, page 6A, Hse #87, Fam #88
  • 30. 1940 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 12 April, Lawton, District 16-22, Page 7B, Hse #129, Owns $75
  • 31. 1910 Federal Census, Comanche County, Oklahoma
    • 11 May, Zella Township, District 679, Page 13A, Hse #240, Fam #244
  • 32. Parker Heritage Website
  • 33. 1901 Indian Census Rolls, Comanche Tribe, Oklahoma Territory
    • 30 June, Kiowa Agency, Comanche Tribe, Page 138 (24)

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