James Henry CRISWELL Martha J CRISWELL Caroline CRISWELL John Jefferson CRISWELL James B CRISWELL Caledonia CRISWELL Manuel Harvey CRISWELL Margaret CRISWELL Thomas Jefferson CRISWELL Robert F CRISWELL Joseph L CRISWELL Edd Ragan CRISWELL Margaret E CRISWELL Lee Jackson CRISWELL Jesse Quitman CRISWELL Martha A JACKSON Margaret R J CRISWELL James Henry CRISWELL Mary Ann CRISWELL Young Reagan CRISWELL Sarah E A CRISWELL Charles E CRISWELL Mary Jane CANE Mini tree diagram

William H CRISWELL1,9,10,2,3,4,6,7,8

3rd Mar 18401,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 - 10th Jan 19241,6

Life History

3rd Mar 1840

Born in Abbeville County, South Carolina.1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8


Married Martha A JACKSON in Attala County, Mississippi.5

Jun 1867

Birth of son John Jefferson CRISWELL in Mississippi.1,9,3,6,11

Oct 1870

Birth of son James B CRISWELL in Attala County, Mississippi.12,13,1,12,14,12,15,3,16,17

Mar 1871

Birth of daughter Caledonia CRISWELL in Newport, Attala, Mississippi.18,6,19,20

Jan 1875

Birth of son Manuel Harvey CRISWELL in Attala County, Mississippi.1,21,22,23,24,12,3,6,25


Birth of daughter Margaret CRISWELL in Mississippi.3

29th Aug 1878

Birth of son Thomas Jefferson CRISWELL in Goodman, Tallow, Mississippi.12,1,26,27,4,28,3,29,30

Aug 1882

Birth of son Robert F CRISWELL in Attala County, Mississippi.4,1

Jul 1884

Birth of son Joseph L CRISWELL in Attala County, Mississippi.1,31

20th Dec 1885

Birth of son Edd Ragan CRISWELL in Goodman, Attala, Mississippi.4,1,32,33,34,35,29

about 1887

Resident in moved to Arkansas County, Arkansas.1

before 1888

Death of daughter Margaret CRISWELL.4

Apr 1888

Birth of daughter Margaret E CRISWELL in Arkansas County, Arkansas.4

1st Sep 1891

Birth of son Lee Jackson CRISWELL in Ethel, Arkansas, Arkansas.36,37,35,38,39,25

9th Sep 1895

Birth of son Jesse Quitman CRISWELL in Ethel, Arkansas, Arkansas.40,41,42,43,44,6,36

between 1900 and 1910

Residence2 in Prairie Township (Ethel), Arkansas, Arkansas.2,4

after 1910

Death of Martha A JACKSON in Arkansas County, Arkansas.10,2

10th Jan 1924

Died in Arkansas County, Arkansas.1,6

after 10th Jan 1924

Buried in Mt Pleasant Cemetery, Ethel, Arkansas County, Arkansas.6


  • 1850 Federal Census, Attala County, Mississippi, 2 September, Township 12, page 106B (scan 212), Hse/Fam #155
    James Christwell 33 M Farmer b South Carolina
    Mary M Christwell 37 F b South Carolina Cannot read & write
    Martha J Christwell 15 F b South Carolina
    Caroline Christwell 14 F b South Carolina
    William H Christwell 10 M b South Carolina
    Margaret R Christwell 7 F b South Carolina
    James H Christwell 5 M b Miss
    Mary Ann Christwell 2 F b Miss

    1860 Federal Census, Attala County, Mississippi, 26 September, Township 13, Range 5, PO Attalaville, page 233, Hse #1574. Fam #1616
    James Criswell 44 M Farming  $500 Real  $250 Personal  South Carolina [born abt 1816]
    Mary Criswell 48 F South Carolina  [born abt 1812]
    Martha J Cane [Criswell] 25 F SC
    William H Cane [Criswell] 18 M SC  Laborer in Farm
    J Henry Cane [Criswell] 14 M Mississippi
    Mary A Cane [Criswell] 12 F Mississippi
    Young R Cane [Criswell] 8 M Mississippi
    Sarah E A Cane [Criswell] 5 F Mississippi

    1870 Federal Census, Attala County, Mississippi, 23 August, Beat 4, PO Kosciusko, page 131, Hse/Fam #50
    Criswell, Wm F 28 M W Farmer $50 Personal  b South Carolina
    Criswell, Mary E 21 F W Keeping House born Mississippi
    Criswell, Jno H 5 M W born Mississippi
    Powell Alice 16 F W born Mississippi

    I found this 1870 census record after all the others below.  I see that here William's wife's name here is Mary E, while in the 1880 and later censuses the wife is Martha A, whom we know to be Martha a Jackson.  Mary E is reported born in Mississippi.  Martha A is reported born in Mississippi in 1880, but in Alabama in 1900 and 1910.

    I have found no definitive information about a wife named Mary.  And the 1900 census says that William and Martha have been married 40 years, which would mean they married about 1860.  The enumerator in 1870 must have written down Martha's name and her middle initial incorrectly.

    1880 Federal Census, Attala County, Mississippi, 24 June, Beat 4, District 17, p 51, #461, Fam #465
    Criswell, William 40    Farmer MS MS MS (b abt 1840)
    Criswell, Martha W F 38 Wife Keeping House b MS MS MS (b abt 1842)
    Criswell, John  W M 12 Son  MS MS MS (b abt 1868)
    Criswell, James    W M 10 Son  MS MS MS (b abt 1870)
    Criswell, Harvey W M 5 Son  MS MS MS (b abt 1875)
    Criswell, Margaret  W F 3 Dau MS MS MS (b abt 1877)
    Criswell, Thomas W M 10mos Son  MS MS MS (b abt 1879)

    A daughter named Caledonia (Callie) is reported by genealogies as born in March 1871.  But she does not appear in the 1880 census, when she should have been about 9 years old.

    The 1900 census gives birth month and year of birth:
    1900 Federal Census, Arkansas County, Arkansas, 16 June 1900, Prairie Township, District 7, Page 11B, Hse #192, Family #195:
    William H Criswell Head  W M  Mar 1840  60  Married 40 years Alabama Alabama Alabama
    Martha A Criswell Wife W F  Apr 1840  60  Married 40 years 11 children/9 living Alabama Georgia Georgia
    Thomas Criswell   Son  W M  Mar 1881  19  Miss Alabama Alabama
    Robert F Criswell Son  W M  Aug 1882  17  Miss Alabama Alabama
    Joseph L Criswell Son  W M  Jul 1884  15  Miss Alabama Alabama
    Edward M Criswell Son  W M  Jun 1886  13  Miss Alabama Alabama
    Maggie E Criswell Dau W F  Apr 1888  12  Ark Alabama Alabama
    Lee R Criswell Son  W M  May 1890  10  Ark Alabama Alabama
    Jesse B Criswell Son  W M  Sep 1892  7  Ark Alabama Alabama

    This census reports both William and Martha born in Alabama.  Note that the 1880 census reported both born in Mississippi.  Most sources report William's birth place as South Carolina.  The latter seems to be correct.  I find that family genealogies usually report William was born in South Carolina, Abbeville District, specifically.

    The Simon Family genealogy reporting on the Criswells gives his and his wife's birth as Attala, Mississippi, where many of their children were born.  This genealogy was apparently following the 1880 census report.  In several of the children's census reports, their father's birthplace is reported as South Carolina, and once in Harvey's record, it is North Carolina.  Martha's birth state is usually reported as Alabama.

    Note that in the following census, 1910, as well as 1920, William is reported as born in South Carolina.

    1910 Federal Census, Arkansas County, Arkansas, 16 April, Prairie Township, District 13, page 1A, Hse/Fam #7
    Criswell, William H  Head M W 69 Married 43 yrs SC SC SC Farmer
    Martha A  Wife F W 59 Married 43 yrs AL TN GA
    Criswell, Maggie D Dau F W 20 AR SC AL
    Criswell, Lee J  Son  W M  18  Ark SC AL
    Criswell, Jesse B  Son  W M  15  Ark SC AL
    Cochran, Hal  Hired Man  W M  18  Ark Miss Miss

    In the 1920 census, William is a widower.  More notable, he has gained only 6 years in age.  He is reported as 74, when he was 69 in 1910.  The 1910 age matches his specific birth date given in the 1900 census, March 1940.  His age should have been reported as 79 in the January 1920 census.

    Even though just a few weeks away from his 80th birthday, he is still the head of the household, and still farming, though renting the farm.  He has two children, 24-year-old son Jesse (spelled Jessie here) and 30-year-old daughter Maggie,  who are both single.  There is also a 4-year-old grandson Woodrow Criswell.  Woodrow must be the son of one of William's older sons.  I do not have all the details on them.  It would be expected that both Woodrow's parents had died, if he is in his grandfather's home and cared for by an unmarried aunt and uncle.

    1920 Federal Census, Arkansas County, Arkansas, 5 January, Prairie Township, District 15, page 1A, Country Road, Hse/Fam #4
    Criswell, William H  Head  Rents Farm  M W 74 Widowed SC SC SC Farmer
    Criswell, Jessie [sic]  Son M W 24 Single AR SC SC Farm Laborer
    Criswell, Maggie Dau F W 30 Single AR SC SC
    Criswell, Woodrow Grandson M W 4 Single AR AR AR

    Susan Criswell Ecker has provided an excellent biographical summary for William's memorial on Find a Grave.

    William Henry Criswell
    Birth Mar 3, 1841 Abbeville County, South Carolina
    Death Jan 10, 1924 Arkansas County, Arkansas

    William Henry Criswell joined the Confederate States Army as a private in Co. E, 24th MS regt. which mustered into service in mid 1861. He fought bravely on Sept. 18, 1863 under Brig. Gen. Edward C. Wathall, CSA commander at the battle of Chickamauga, and Captain J.D. Smith, who was commanding the 24th.

    According to Captain Smith's report they were exposed to extremely heavy fire not only from enemies' infantry and artillery but was mistaken for Yankees from Forrest's artillery and suffered severely, having both field officers and seven company officers wounded; 10 were killed, 103 wounded, 19 missing-12 of whom were captured and seven unaccounted for.

    He was at the battle of Chattanooga, Oct. 6, 1863. He was captured Nov. 24, 1863, taken prisoner and transported to the prison in Louisville, KY. William Henry Criswell survived the war and prison and returned to his home in Attala County, MS.

    Info copied from a book called "United Daughters of the Confederacy"

    This info was submitted for the book by Blanche Abels Burrell (GN) and Wylodean Burrell Edwards (GGN)

    Son Jessie Quitman Criswell (1895 - 1975)

    Burial Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Arkansas County, Arkansas

    Created by Susan Criswell Ecker Jan 21, 2014
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #123872398, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/123872398


Page created using GEDmill 1.11.0