Silas Mercer PARKER Cynthia Ann Naduah PARKER Doña JUANITA Silas Mercer PARKER Orlena PARKER Lucinda DUTY Mini tree diagram
John Richard PARKER

John Richard PARKER2,1,3,4

18301 - 19151

Life History


Born in Fort Lemott, Crawford, Illinois.1


Died in Mexico.1


Buried in Mexico.2,1

Other facts


Married Doña JUANITA


  • Family Data Collection - Individual Records
    John Parker
    Spouse Donna [should be Doña, the Spanish word for Lady, or Mrs]Juanita
    parents: Silas Parker, Lucy
    Birth 1830 Ft Lemott, Crawford, IL
    Death Date 1915

    Family Data Collection - Births
    John Parker
    Father Silas Mercer Parker
    Mother Lucinda Duty
    Birth 1830 Crawford IL, USA

    A short biography appears in teh Texas State Handbook.

    PARKER, JOHN (1830-1915). John Parker, Indian captive, son of Lucinda(Duty) and Silas M. Parker, was born in 1830. In 1836 he and hissister, Cynthia Ann Parker, were captured by Comanche Indians at FortParker. James W. Parker, his uncle, made three trips in three yearsinto the Indian country in an effort to rescue the captives. The Texaslegislature, in 1845, appropriated $300 for John Parker's rescue, butthe money was never used, as Parker was not located until he wasgrown, and he would not then return to Texas.

    He grew to manhood among the Indians and while on a raiding party withthem in Mexico fell in love with a Mexican girl named Donna Juanita.She accompanied him back to Texas and nursed him back to health afterthe Indians abandoned him on the Llano Estacado when he became sickwith smallpox. Parker then refused to rejoin the Indians but went toMexico and became a stockman and rancher.

    He served in a Mexican company in the Confederate Army during theCivil War but refused to cross the Sabine River. After the war hereturned to his family in Mexico, where he lived until 1915.

    James T. DeShields, Cynthia Ann Parker: The Story of Her Capture (St.Louis, 1886; rpts.: The Garland Library of Narratives of NorthAmerican Indian Captivities, Vol. 95, New York: Garland, 1976; Dallas:Chama Press, 1991). Gustavus Adolphus Holland, History of ParkerCounty and the Double Log Cabin (Weatherford, Texas: Herald, 1931;rpt. 1937). Grace Jackson, Cynthia Ann Parker (San Antonio: Naylor,1959). Lena Clara Koch, "The Federal Indian Policy in Texas,1845-1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 28 (January, April1925). Women of Texas (Waco: Texian Press, 1972).
    Llerena B. Friend
    --  "Parker, John," Texas State Historical Association,

    From Find a Grave:

    John Richard Parker
    Birth: 1830 Fort Lemott, Crawford, Illinois, USA
    Death: 1915 Mexico

    Father: Silas Mercer Parker Sr. b: 5 May 1804 in Duck River, Elbert,Georgia, USA
    Mother: Lucinda "Lucy" Duty b: 1801 in Duck River, Elbert, Georgia,USA
    Married: Doña Juanita b: EST 1832


    John Richard Parker
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    John Richard Parker (1830-1915?) was the brother of Cynthia Ann Parkerand the uncle of Comanches chief Quanah Parker. An Anglo-Texas man ofScots-Irish descent who suffered being kidnapped from his naturalfamily at the age of five by a Native American raiding party, hereturned to the Native American people of his own free will afterbeing ransomed back from the Comanche. He was a member of the largeParker frontier family that settled in east Texas in the 1830s. He wascaptured in 1836 by Comanches during the raid of Fort Parker nearpresent-day Groesbeck, Texas.

    Birth and early years:
    John Parker was born in 1830 in Crawford County, Illinois the secondoldest child of Silas Mercer Parker (1802-1836) and Lucy (Duty)Parker. His younger siblings were Silas Mercer Jr., and Orlena. Hisolder sister was Cynthia Ann Parker.

    This family and allied families, led by Silas' father John and brotherDaniel, moved from Illinois to Texas in 1833. A large group under thefamily patriarch, Elder John Parker, settled near the headwaters ofthe Navasota River in present-day Limestone County. In 1834 theycompleted Fort Parker for their protection on the frontier.

    On May 19, 1836, a large force of Comanche and allied warriorsattacked the fort, and in what became known as the Fort ParkerMassacre killed five men and captured two women and three children:Parker, his sister Cynthia Ann, Rachel Plummer and her son James PrattPlummer as well as Elizabeth Duty Kellogg.

    The Comanche's population had increased in large part by adoptingcaptured women and children into the tribe, the former aschild-bearing slaves and the latter as tribal members.[1] The Comanchemade little distinction from tribal members born into the tribe, andthose adopted in. Children under puberty were tested for intelligence,strength and courage, and if they seemed acceptable in all, they wereadopted into the tribe and taught to be warriors. Grown men capturedalive were generally killed, while women over puberty could expectgang rape and slavery.

    Elizabeth Duty Kellogg was ransomed from the relatively benignDelaware Indians relatively quickly by Sam Houston. Rachel Plummerendured nearly two years of captivity among the Comanche, and neversaw her oldest child, James Pratt Plummer, again. Her second child,born six months after her kidnapping, was murdered by the Comanche,who claimed that the child interfered with her work.

    Parker was raised by the Comanche, as were his sister and youngercousin, John Pratt Plummer. The two boys were ransomed back in 1842.Plummer was returned to his grandfather and was able to readapt towhite society, but Parker was unable to readapt and ran away from hisfamily to return to the Comanches.

    In Old Mexico:
    As did most young Comanche, Parker participated in many raids intoMexico during the September full moon, the "Comanche Moon," when thedreaded Comanche raids literally devastated Mexico all the way toCentral America. On one of these raids, he contracted smallpox. TheComanche were returning from the raid with captives, horses, and otherplunder, but they stopped briefly when Parker became too ill to ride,somewhere just north of the Rio Grande in West Texas. The Comanchewere terrified that they, too, would catch this dreaded killer, whichhad killed over half the tribe during the epidemic years, and theyleft Parker to ride out the illness, leaving a girl they had capturedon the raid to take care of him. Rather than leave to try to return toher family, the girl nursed Parker back to health. He then returned toMexico with the girl and restored her to her home and family, and helater married her.

    Later life:
    Parker returned to the United States during the Civil War and servedwith Confederate troops in Texas. After the war, he returned toMexico, where he died in 1915 on his ranch. He appeared to have beenthe only one of the Parker children who lived a happy life.


    Silas Mercer Parker (1804 - 1836)
    Lucinda Duty Roberts (1811 - 1852)

    Burial Unknown, in Mexico

    Created by Alice Huitt Preston Nov 15, 2012
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #100748475,

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