Silas Mercer PARKER Peta Wanderer Peautachnoconne NOCONA Pecos PARKER Quanah PARKER Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER John Richard PARKER Silas Mercer PARKER Orlena PARKER Lucinda DUTY Mini tree diagram
Cynthia Ann Naduah PARKER

Cynthia Ann Naduah PARKER1,4,5,8,9,6

29th Oct 18271,4,5,6 - 28th Oct 18701,1,5,6

Life History

29th Oct 1827

Born in Crawford County, Illinois.1,4,5,6

about 1844

Married Peta Wanderer Peautachnoconne NOCONA in Plains, Yoakum, Texas.9

1849

Birth of son Pecos PARKER in Staked Plains, Texas.1,1,9

1852

Birth of son Quanah PARKER in Gaines County, Texas.10,11,12,13

1858

Birth of daughter Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER.1,1

between 1862 and 1863

Death of son Pecos PARKER in Orleana Oquinn Home, Anderson, Texas.1,1,9

about 1863

Death of daughter Prairie Flower Topsannah PARKER.1,1

about 1864

Death of Peta Wanderer Peautachnoconne NOCONA in Staked Plains, Texas, USA.1,1,14,14,4,4

28th Oct 1870

Died in Anderson County, Texas.1,1,5,6

after 28th Oct 1870

Buried in Foster Cemetery, Anderson County, Texas.1,1,7,1

1910

Reburial: Reburied in Post Oak Cem, Comanche Co OK from the original FostervilleCem, Anderson Co Texas burial, then reburied in 1957 in the Ft SillMilitary Cemetery in Elgin, Comanche Co OK with her son Quanah; in1965 her daughter was also moved to Ft Sill. in Post Oak Cemetery, Cache County, Oklahoma.7,1,6

9th Aug 1957

Reburial: Reburied in the Ft Sill Post Cemetery in 1957 from the Post OakCemetery, along her son Quanah;  some sources report that her daughterPrairie Flower (Toh - tsee-ah or Topsana) had also been reburied in1957, but a news photo story reports it was in 1965. in Ft. Sill Military Cemetery, Elgin, Comanche County, Oklahoma.1,2,3

Notes

  • Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Indian and Pioneer HistoricalCollection, 1937
    Cynthia Ann Parker
    Birth Date 1827
    Residence Place USA
    Death Date 1870
    Death Age 43
    Comanche Cemetery
    Burial Post Oak Mission

    -------------------------
    Posted by: Barry Kirkland       Date: July 31, 2001 at 10:49:37
    In Reply to: Re: Lineal descendants of Quanah Parker  by Debby Warren

    Cynthia Ann Parker, born 1827.

    Her father was Silas Mercer Parker born in 1804 in Bedford County,Tennessee and died on May 19, 1836 at Fort Parker, Limestone County,Texas. Silas was one of the first Texas Rangers. He was buried at theold fort grounds which became the Groesbeck Cemetery.

    Her mother was Lucinda "Lucy" Duty. Her mother was "Granny" Duty whowas at Fort Parker when the men folk were killed by Indians, she wastortured by spared.
    Silas and Lucinda were married on Aug. 31, 1824 in Illinois and hadfour children.

    The first child born to Silas and Lucy was Cynthia Ann Parker bornOct. 28, 1827 in Charleston, Coles County, Illinois. Poem about Quanahand Cynthia
    The second child born to Silas and Lucy was John Parker born 1829 inIllinois. He was captured on May 19, 1836 by the Indians and livedwith them until he was grown. He married Dona Juanita, a Mexican girlwho nursed him through a bout with smallpox. They settled on some landacross the Rio Grande River in Mexico, and he became a rancher.

    The third child born to Silas and Lucy was Silas Mercer Parker Jr.born on Jun. 4, 1833 in Illinois. He married Ann Elizabeth O'Quinn onDec. 21, 1854 in Texas. They had six children; Jefferson J. Parkerborn Sep. 21, 1855, Rhoda M. Parker born Aug. 17, 1857 in Van ZandtCounty, Texas, Aaron George Parker born Jul. 3, 1859, Silas B. Parkerborn Feb. 5, 1865, Calvin R. Parker born Aug. 31, 1867, and John RossParker born Jun. 14, 1872.

    Jefferson married Emma Cook and Rhoda married Jeff Russell. Aaronmarried Sulie Bell Pool who was born on May 1, 1879 and died in 1968.Silas B. Parker died on Aug. 30, 1872 and Calvin R. Parker died onSep. 6, 1867. John married Mary Jane Morrell on Jul. 17, 1877.

    The fourth child born to Silas and Lucy was Orlena Parker born on Jan.1, 1836 in Limestone County, Texas and died on Jul. 23, 1863. She wasmarried to Rufus O'Quinn. They had four children; John Rufus O'Quinnborn 1855 in Van Zandt County, Texas, Christopher Columbus O'Quinnborn 1857, Ann B. O'Quinn born 1859, and Benjamin O'Quinn born in1861.

    --  Barry Kirkland, Genealogy.com Forum,http://genforum.genealogy.com/parker/messages/12090.html
    -------------------------

    Cynthia Ann Nadua Parker married Peta Wanderer Naconi in 1844 inPlains, Texas, when she was 17 years old.
    Peta Wanderer Naconi
    1827-1864
    1844 Plains, Yoakum, Texas, USA
    --  Parker Genealogy, Ancestry,http://person.ancestry.com/tree/43433131/person/12658460488/story

    In the 1870 census, if S R is Rufus, it appears that Rufus' wife isstill Orlena, but though Kirkland says Orlena died in 1863.  Herememorial on Find a Grave says she died in 1887.  The name in thecensus may be spelled Orpena, which is how Ancestry transcribes thefaded name.  Besides the fading there are overwrites in the entries.

    In that 1870 famliy list there are three additional children:
    a girl named Tennessee, born about 1863, another named Mozella b abt1866 and a son named Jefferson b abt 1869.  And the child Benjamindoes not appear.  Either these are the same or Benjamin died beforethe census and Tennessee is another additional child.

    For reference, I am including here the Find-a-Grave memorial of OrlenaParker O'Quinn, which reports her death date as 1887, not 1863 asKirkland says above.  Since she is reported in the 1870 census, weknow the 1863 date is wrong.

    -------------------------
    Orlena Parker O'Quinn
    Birth Jan. 1, 1836 Limestone County, Texas
    Death Nov. 5, 1887
    Married to a J.Rufus O'Quinn {Lds records}
    Parents:
    Silas Mercer Parker (1804 - 1836)
    Lucinda Duty Roberts (1811 - 1852)
    Burial Unknown
    Created by P Fazzini Mar 09, 2010
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #49456747,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=49456747
    -------------------------

    1870 Federal Census, Anderson County, Texas, [no date], PO Palestine,page 212, Hse #1540, Fam #1527
    Oquinn, J R 37 M W Lumber Merchant $2000 Real Estate $800 Personalborn Georgia
    Oquinn, Orlena (?) 40 [b abt 1830] F W  Keeping House born Texas
    Oquinn, John 15 M W Lumber Mill Worker born Texas
    Oquinn, Columbus 13 M W At Home born Texas
    Oquinn, Ann E 11 F W At Home born Texas
    Oquinn, Tennessee 7 F W At Home born Texas
    Oquinn, Mozella 4 F W At Home born Texas
    Oquinn, Jefferson 1 M W At Home born Texas
    Parker, Cynthia 45 F W House Keeper b Illinois

    Family Data Collection - Individual Records
    Cynthia Ann Parker
    Spouse Pete Nocona
    Parents:  Silas Parker, Lucinda Duty
    Birth 28 Oct 1827 Coles Co, Charleston, Illinois
    Death 28 Oct 1864 [error, since she is reported in the 1870 census inAnderson Co] Anderson Co, Texas

    -------------------------
    PARKER, CYNTHIA ANN (ca. 1825-ca. 1871).

    Cynthia Ann Parker, a captive of the Comanches, was born to Lucy(Duty) and Silas M. Parker in Crawford County, Illinois. According tothe 1870 census of Anderson County she would have been born betweenJune 2, 1824, and May 31, 1825. When she was nine or ten her familymoved to Central Texas and built Fort Parker on the headwaters of theNavasota River in what is now Limestone County. On May 19, 1836, alarge force of Comanche warriors accompanied by Kiowa and Kichaiallies attacked the fort and killed several of its inhabitants. Duringthe raid the Comanches seized five captives, including Cynthia Ann.

    The other four were eventually released, but Cynthia remained with theIndians for almost twenty-five years, forgot white ways, and becamethoroughly Comanche. It is said that in the mid-1840s her brother,John Parker, who had been captured with her, asked her to return totheir white family, but she refused, explaining that she loved herhusband and children too much to leave them. She is also said to haverejected Indian trader Victor Rose's invitation to accompany him backto white settlements a few years later, though the story of theinvitation may be apocryphal.

    A newspaper account of April 29, 1846, describes an encounter of Col.Leonard G. Williams's trading party with Cynthia, who was camped withComanches on the Canadian River. Despite Williams's ransom offers,tribal elders refused to release her. Later, federal officials P. M.Butler and M. G. Lewis encountered Cynthia Ann with the YamparikaComanches on the Washita River; by then she was a full-fledged memberof the tribe and married to a Comanche warrior. She never voluntarilyreturned to white society. Indian agent Robert S. Neighbors learned,probably in 1848, that she was among the Tenawa Comanches. He was toldby other Comanches that only force would induce her captors to releaseher. She had married Peta Nocona and eventually had two sons, QuanahParker and Pecos, and a daughter, Topsannah.

    --  Margaret Schmidt Hacker, "PARKER, CYNTHIA ANN," Handbook of TexasOnline (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpa18),accessed March 02, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified onNovember 3, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
    -------------------------

    -------------------------
    Cynthia was soon integrated into the tribe. She was given to aTenowish Comanche couple, who adopted her and raised her like theirown daughter. She forgot her European ways, and became Comanche inevery sense. She married Peta Nocona, a chieftain. They enjoyed ahappy marriage, and as a tribute to Peta Nocona’s great affection toCynthia, he never took another wife, although it was traditional forchieftains to do so. The couple had three children, famed Comanchechief Quanah Parker, another son named Pecos (Pecan), and a daughternamed Topsannah (Prairie Flower).
    --  Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynthia_Ann_Parker
    -------------------------

    Cynthia Ann Parker
    Birth 1827
    Death 1870
    Inscription:  State of Texas Historical Plaque
    Note: Former Gravesite.......Now Ft. Sill, Oklahoma.......Mother ofQuanah Parker Comanche Cheif
    Burial Foster Cemetery, Anderson County, Texas
    Created by Bob Richie Mar 09, 2012
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #86487147,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=PARK&GSfn=C&GSpartial=1&GSbyrel=all&GSst=46&GScntry=4&GSsr=721&GRid=86487147&

    "My great grandfather and great grandmother helped build his[Quanah's] mother's coffin and dress her....Cynthia Ann Parker. Inlater years, my grandfather helped exhume her remains for re burial inOklahoma. Very sad that his mother grieved herself to death after thewhite men recaptured her."
    --  Sue Sparks, Texas Escapes on Facebook, Comment on a photo ofQuanah Parker,https://www.facebook.com/TracesofTexas/photos/a.162532927112178.34097.105810232784448/916016738430456/?type=1&theater

    -------------------------
    Cynthia Ann Parker
    Birth Oct 29, 1827 Crawford County, Illinois
    Death Oct 28, 1870 Anderson County, Texas

    Folk Figure. The details of her early life are clouded in confusion.Sources place her birth year between 1825 and 1827. One source narrowsit to between June 2, 1824 and May 31, 1825 according to the 1870census. Her place of birth has been listed as Coles, Clark, andCrawford Counties in Illinois. She was born to Silas M and Lucy (Doty)Parker. Even her time of death has been listed from 1864 to 1871. [Butshe was enumerated in the 1870 census, with her sister Orlena ParkerO'Quinn and family.]  She did die in Anderson County, Texas, and islisted in the 1870 census. So she probably died sometime after that.Between birth and death she suffered the extreme agony of beingkidnapped twice in her lifetime. Around the age of 9 or 10, her familymoved to Texas and settled at the headwaters of the Navasota River inwhat is now Limestone County. The family developed a little communityaround the church of her uncle who headed the local branch of thePrimitive Baptist Church.

    The community was enclosed with substantial walls and a company ofTexas Rangers were formed for protection from the Indians. Thesettlement became known as Fort Parker. On May 19, 1836 she sufferedher first kidnapping when a band of Comanche braves raided thesettlement. Several people were killed and 5 others were kidnappedwith her. Within six years, all the victims were returned to theirfamily except Cynthia Ann. She was to remain with the tribe for almost25 years. During this time she was to forget the ways of the whitepeople and become a complete Comanche. At first she was beaten andabused, but she soon integrated into the tribe. She was given to aComanche couple who raised her as their own.

    She was given the Comanche name of Naduah, which was also spelled asNadua and Nauta. She became devoted to her adopted family and memoriesof the white ways quickly vanished. When requests for her ransom werereceived, she asked the tribal council to refuse them. A young chiefby the name of Peta Nocona won her heart and they were married. He wasquite famous for successful raids on white settlements in theterritory. It was the custom of prominent Comanche warriors to takeseveral wives. Peta only took Cynthia Ann, a mark of extraordinarydevotion and honor to her. Cynthia Ann presented Peta with two sonsand a daughter, Quanah, Pecos, and Topsannah, or Prairie Flower as shewas also to be known. Her son Quanah was to become one of the fiercestComanche warriors in tribal history. He is often noted as the lastComanche chief, although he was never named chief by the Comanchepeople.  [Comanche people never had a "Chief" over all the Comanchepeople.  "Chief" is a white man's term.  They had band leaders.]

    He was made chief by the white man when he did an about face andbecame a great proponent for peace. In December of 1860, Peta's campwas attacked by a group of Texas Rangers in what is known as theBattle of Pease River. Realizing that the battle was lost, Peta fledwith the two sons. Peta was wounded and whether or not he survived isunknown as history does not mention him again. Cynthia and Topsannahwere taken to Camp Cooper for her second "kidnapping". She wasidentified by her uncle and taken to his farm in Birdville, Texas. Shemade repeated attempts to escape and return to her people and each onefailed. She was heartbroken being away from her family and not knowingwhether Peta was dead or alive. In 1863, she received word that Pecoshad died of small pox and a few months later Topsannah died ofinfluenza.

    In 1870, at the age of only 43, she could take no more, she stoppedeating and her health failed. Some say she died of influenza and somethink she starved herself to death. She was buried in FostervilleCemetery in Anderson County near Frankston, Texas. Quanah searched forhis mother for many years and upon learning of her death had her bodyand that of his sister moved to the Post Oak Cemetery near Cache,Oklahoma. When Quanah died in 1911, he was laid next to his devotedmother. In 1957, all three bodies were moved to the Post Cemetery atFort Sill and buried on what is known as Chief's Knoll.  [A HoustonChronicle photo story in Oct 1965 reports that Prairie Flower's bodywas being moved form Van Zandt County, Texas, to Ft Sill at that time. The photo shows an honor guard of Texas Rangers carriying PrairieFlower's coffin for the reburial.]

    The city of Crowell, Texas holds a two day event every year known asthe Cynthia Ann Parker Festival. The town of Groesbeck, Texas holds anannual Christmas Festival at the original site of old Fort Parkerwhich has been rebuilt on the old site to exact specifications. Herstory is told in the book, "Where the Broken Heart Still Beats: TheStory of Cynthia Ann Parker".
    (bio by: Tom Todd)

    Parents:
    Silas Mercer Parker (1804 - 1836)
    Lucinda Duty Roberts (1811 - 1852)
    Spouses:
    Peta Nocona (1820 - 1864)
    Children:
    Quanah Parker (1845 - 1911)
    Pecos Parker (1849 - 1862)
    Prairie Flower [Topsana] (1858 - 1863)

    Burial Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma

    Maintained by Find A Grave, Record added Jan 01, 2001
    --  Find A Grave Memorial #1220,http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Parker&GSiman=1&GScnty=2143&GRid=1220&
    -------------------------

    Her daughter Prairie Flower's body was also moved to the Ft SillCemetery in October 1965, according to a photo story in the HoustonChronicle at that time.  The story reports that Prairie Flower's bodywas moved from Van Zandt County to the Ft Sill site in Oct 1965,rather than in 1957 when some sources report the government moved allthree graves to Ft Sill.  Quanah had their mother's body moved to PostOak Cemetery in Comanche County OK in 1910.  Apparently Prairie Flowerwas not moved until 1965.  There is a photo of the event.

    Prairie Flower's FAG also reports that Prairie Flower was buried inFosterville (where Cynthia Ann was), but other sources, as hergravestone, report Prairie Flower was originally buried in Van ZandtCo.  The Houston Chronicle story oddly reports that Prairie Flower wasburied in Van Zandt 55 years before (in 1910, when Cynthia Ann wasmoved to Post Oak).  It appears the Van Zandt County birial was theoriginal burial site in 1863 when she died, though the HoustonChronicle says she had been buried there only 55 years, since 1910.

    This is probably due to a confusion of the 1910 date when her mother'sbody was first moved.  Some sources also indicate or leave theimpression that Prairie Flower was moved by Quanah in 1910 when hemoved Cynthia Ann, but that would appear not to be the case.

    A story in the San Antonio Express in 1935 brought to light theexistence of the now famous painting (or photograph?) of Cynthia Annwith her 2.5 year-old daughter Prairie Flower.

    ----------------
    Echos of the Indian Wars in Texas during the middle of the 18thCentury are recalled by a picture in the possession of J R Hunnicutt,customs agent here.

    One of the outstanding events of the Indian Wars was the capture ofCynthia Ann Parker, her marriage to an Indian chief and her laterrecapture by the whites and return to her parents.

    In Hunnicutt's possession is a picture of Cynthia Parker nursing hertwo-and-one-half-year-old daughter, taken shortly after her recaptureby Gov L S Ross, then a ranger captain.  The father of the chidl wasPeta Nocona, Comanche war chief, whom Ross killed in making thecapture.  [This was never confirmed, though Peta never surfaced againin any other historical reference.] ...
    --  San Antonio Express, San Antonio, Bexar, Texas, 17 Nov 1935
    ----------------

    -------------------
    The White Woman Captive Among Indians
    On June 2, 1841, the Morning Star of Houston contained the followingitem:  A Company of about 180 volunteers and 10 or 12 Indian spieswent out with Captain Lewis some six weeks since in pursuit ofComanches, and for sport generally.  A determination was expressed atthat time to remain out during the whole summer unless a respectablebody of Indians could be found sooner.

    Many of the frontier Indian fighters experienced the last extremetiesof suffering -- agonizing death itself -- in pursuit of savages; butthere is no denying that often the Indian chase appeared to them as asport.  Before Buffalo Bill dreamed of making the Indian fight apageant in his wild west show, the idea of American boys was to go outwest and kill Indians.
    ...
    On May 19, 1836, a horde of Indians captured a 9-year-old girl namedCynthia Parker; her brother, John; her cousin, Mrs. Rachel Phimmer;Mrs. Plummer's baby, and another woman from Parker's Fort in LImestoneCounty, Texas; a number of whites having been killed.  The stories ofthree of these captives have become a living chapter in the historicalromances, both written and unwritten, of Texas. ...
    --  J Frank Dobie, "The Flavor of Texas" Column, The Port Arthur News,Port Arthur, Texas, 5 May 1936
    -------------------

Sources

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