Shadrack JACKSON Moses Andrew JACKSON William W JACKSON James JACKSON William Daniel JACKSON Nancy Elizabeth JACKSON Stillar JACKSON Winnie Alice JACKSON James Toliver JACKSON Samuel Westfall JACKSON Enoch Avery JACKSON Talitha GREEN Mary Prudence FINLEY Mini tree diagram
Abraham B S JACKSON

Abraham B S JACKSON10,2,3,11,12,3,8,8,9,6

about 18371,2 - about 18797

Life History

about 1837

Born in Alabama.1,2

1860

Resident in Gainesville, Cooke, Texas.2

15th May 1860

Licence obtained for marriage to Talitha GREEN in Gainesville, Cooke, Texas.13

17th May 1860

Married Talitha GREEN in Cooke County, Texas.34

18th Nov 1861

Military: Rank Pvt Enlisted Nov. 18, 1861, Ft. Arbuckle by Mercer Fain; NearDavis, Oklahoma, a little north of Ardmore, where Jacksons laterlived, as well as farther south near Marietta in Ft. Arbuckle, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.3

about 1862

Birth of son William Daniel JACKSON in Cooke County, Texas.14

between Jun 1862 and Jun 1863

Military service: Honey Springs became the major staging area for the Confederates,after the Federals took Ft Gibson about 20 miles north of HoneySprings, in April 1863 in Honey Springs, Indian Territory.3

19th Oct 1863

Birth of daughter Nancy Elizabeth JACKSON in Cooke County, Texas.15,14,16

1865

Resident On tax rolls, p 10 in Cooke County, Texas.8

Apr 1865

Military service: Wells Regiment Texas Cav, Abraham Jackson, Pvt Company A, Apr 1865,Absent without leave since Apr 15, 1865 in Honey Springs, Indian Territory.3

1866

Resident On tax rolls, p 9A in Cooke County, Texas.8

about 1868

Birth of son Stillar JACKSON in Cooke County, Texas.14

11th Dec 1869

Resident Issued with residence permit, employed by Benjamin Franklin Overton,later governor of the Chickasaw Nation. -- source Kati Jackson Cain,research from Chickasaw Nation archives in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.9

1870

Residence2: Abraham's daughter Alice was born here in 1870. It is possible onlyAbe's wife Talitha went there for the birth. Other members of theGreen family and related Barnetts lived here. in Wise County, Texas.4

21st Feb 1870

Birth of daughter Winnie Alice JACKSON in Wise County, Texas.4,1,17

9th Sep 1870

Trial: Warrant issued by the Western District of Arkansas and IndianTerritory for the arrest of Abe and his two brothers-in-law Jacob andDaniel Green in Ft Smith, Sebastian, Arkansas.5,6

Jackson-Green Charges for Rustling -- Indian Territory -- Warrant forArrest 1870

9 September 1870
Warrant issued 9 September 1870, Western district of Arkansas For thearrest of Daniel Green, Jacob Green, Abraham Jackson; this documentdoes not name witnesses; (Abraham is Jacob and Dan's brother-in-law,married to Talitha Green) Charged with stealing 16 head of cattle fromC L Roff Document courtesy of Cynthia Ann Mixon Beam and Marion Mixon,Green-Jackson Researchers

5th Mar 1872

Birth of son James Toliver JACKSON in Hill County, Texas.18,19,20,21,14,22,23,24,1

8th Jan 1874

Birth of son Samuel Westfall JACKSON in Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.25,14,26,1,27

1st Oct 1877

Birth of son Enoch Avery JACKSON in Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.28,29,1,30,14,31,32,33

about 1879

Died in Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.7

about 1879

Buried in Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory

Notes

  • Various genealogies have tried to shoehorn Abraham into differentJackson lineages where he just does not fit.  He has been inserted inat least three different unrelated genealogies where the facts of thematter and lack of supporting documentation disprove theseconnections.

    Many of these alleged connections involve contradictory facts.  Somepeople want Abraham to fit so badly they keep trying to force him intosomebody else's family line.  Little public documentation isavailable.  There are many Jacksons and Abraham was a popular name inthe 1800s.  There is a Jackson clan in Hill County, Texas, whererelated Greens and others lived.  This looks promising but no firmconnections there have been confirmed for our Abraham.

    One family that some have tried to hard to identify with AbrahamJackson is Abraham Jasper Jackson of Montgomery, Alabama.  But AbrahamJasper was born in Georgia, then his family moved to Montgomery, whilewhat info we do have indicates that Abraham B (or B S) Jackson inGainesville, Texas, was born in Alabama.  His details do not match ourAbraham.  In June 2015, I did make a connection of one son of AbrahamJasper Jackson with Hillsboro, Hill County, Texas.

    A widow of one Robert Lewis Jackson made application in 1913 for aConfederate widow's military pension.  Her application indicates thatthey had lived in Hillsboro for 29 years before.  Robert Lewis was ason of Abraham Jasper Jackson of Montgomery, Alabama.  And RobertLewis served in an Alabama Unit of the Confederate army.  But no clearconnection has been found to our Abraham Jackson.

    Back in October 2007, I first analyzed the census entry of 1860 forAbraham and Talitha.  They were in Cooke County, Texas, nearGainesville.  They are enumerated as a separate family in the samehousehold with a Moses A Jackson, age 31.  We suspected Moses wasAbe's brother, and later Chickasaw Nation residence records found onlyin 2015 seemed to support that.

    1860 Federal Census, Cooke County, Texas, 21 July, Gainesville, page58 (scan 253), Hse #484, Fam #501
    Moses A Jackson 31 M Farmer $320 real estate $130 personal b Illinois[b abt 1829]
    Anna Jackson 21 F b Indiana
    Charlotte Jackson 3 F b Texas
    James Jackson 3 M b Texas
    Rhoda Jackson 6mos F b Texas [abt Jan 1860]

    1860 Federal Census, Cooke County, Texas, 21 July, Gainesville, page59 (scan 254), Hse #484, Fam #502
    A Jackson 23 M Farmer born Alabama [b abt 1837]
    Talitha Jackson 17  born Georgia [b abt 1843]
    James Jackson 25 M born Alabama [b abt 1835]

    A Jackson (our Abraham) is 23, married to Talitha, age 17.  One memberof their family appears to be a brother of Abraham, James Jackson, age25.  Both Abraham and James were born in Alabama.  It seems likelythat Moses is also a relative, and the age would indicate he is abrother, but his birth state is given as Illinois, and his wife isfrom Indiana.  This could be accounted for in migration of the family,and an error of state of birth is common in the censuses.  It ispossible, however, that they just happen to be boarding with anotherfamily named Jackson.

    Further informatoin came to light later and in February 2016 morecalrity came on Moses Jackson and his lineage.  His parents wereShadrack )or Shadrick) Jackson and Anna B Hyatt.  His parents areburied in Plano, Collin County, Texas.  The Maynard Genealogy of thisJackson family has extensive records and family informaion, and has noAbraham.

    A commont by another Moses Jackson genealogist also seems to eliminateAbraham from this family as a son of Shadrack and Prudence.

    Merritt, McKnew, Beasley, Sandy, Dabbs, Richards Family Tree
    "Children: Shadrack [Jackson] and Prudence Finley had 8 children butonly 3 lived"
    --  Lisa Rosseisen, 3 Jun 2010, citing History of Bond and MontgomeryCounty, Illinois, Ancestry Comments,http://mv.ancestry.com/viewer/bf5ce530-418b-48cf-8796-891309da12ae/80054212/34409989227?_phsrc=JEi1148&usePUBJs=true

    Three living children reported by family trees are Moses Andrew,Shadrack/Shadrick Joshua, and Frances M.

    James Jackson in the 1860 census is 2 years older than Abraham. It isinteresting that James Jackson is listed as a member of Abraham'sfamily, and not in Moses' family.  This may indicate a closerrelationship with Abraham than with Moses.  I have been unable to findany further information about this Moses Jackson.

    Note that A (Abe) Jackson and James Jackson are both born in Alabama.If they are all three brothers, it would mean that the family movedfrom a former location, probably South Carolina or Georgia, where manyother Jacksons live, some of whom also married Greens of this samefamily.  With this birth information, they would have had to movefirst northwest to Indiana, then within 6 years moved southwest toAlabama.  They then moved straight west to Texas as a family, perhaps?

    A cousin and co-researcher on the Jacksons and Greens, Kati Jackson,reported finding that someone had entered a maiden name for MosesJackson's wife Anna in comments on the census posted at Ancestry.com.This person names her Anna Hyatt.  This might open up some more leadsto learn more about these other Jacksons.

    The census information indicates Anna (Hyatt) was born about 1939 inIndiana.  Kati found a family tree that has her spouse as Moses AndrewJackson, filling out the detail of the 1860 entry for her husband.This matches the family Abe and Talitha are living with in 1860 inGainesville, Texas.

    The names A S Jackson & A B S Jackson on Texas tax records seem to befor the same person as Abraham Jackson, known to the Green family asAbe.  These correlate with Chickasaw Nation residence permits & otherIndian Nation records for Greens & Jacksons.  Members of thisGreen-Jackson family were also present in Indian Territory during theCivil War while maintaining residence south of the border in CookeCounty, Texas.

    A Civil War record seems to refer to our Abraham Jackson, in theScanland Squadron, Texas Company A.  This was part of the WellsRegiment.  They were stationed in Ft Arbuckle, Oklahoma.  The Jacksonslater lived not far south of here, in the Ardmore and Marietta areas.This Squadron was active in CSA operations in northeastern Oklahomaand Northwestern Arkansas.  This also provides a likely link to courtrecords we have found with names of Abraham Jackson and relatedGreens, Jacob, Daniel and Jack, in the Ft Smith, Arkansas area.

    Two other Jacksons are in the list, and may be kin to Abraham.  It maybe that William is another brother of Abe.  He named his first sonWilliam Daniel.  (This may also indicate that Abraham's father wasnamed William.)  Ben does not otherwise show up in any familyinformation.  But this William may be the William H Jackson who wasgiven a residence permit to live in Chickasaw Nation about the sametime as Abe and his family, and Abe's father-in-law Toliver Green.That William H Jackson was enrolled in the Chickasaw Nation as anintermarried white, in Pontotoc County.  He received his residencepermit 3 days before Abe and Talitha and Toliver received theirs. (Seebelow.)

    MUSTER ROLL OF CAPT. JOHN SCANLAND'S SQUADRON, CO. "A ," TEXASCAVALRY, JUNE 30, 1862-JUNE 30, 1863
    Later called the Wells Regiment
    Jackson, Abraham Rank Pvt  Enlisted Nov. 18, 1861, Ft. Arbuckle byMercer Fain
    Jackson, Ben    Pvt.    June 23, 1862,  Ft. McCulloch by Capt. Scanland
    Jackson, Wm.    Pvt.    June 23, 1862,  Ft. McCulloch by Capt. Scanland
    --  http://www.civilwaralbum.com/washita/scanland.htm

    CSA Wells Regiment Texas Cavalry Indian Territory, Co B
    Abraham Jackson
    June 1862-June 1863
    Company B of Wells Regiment, Texas Cavalry
    Formerly Scanland's Squadron, Texas Cavalry
    Scanland's former Squadron was merged with Wells Regiment as CompaniesA and B.
    Company A of Wells Regiment Texas Cav was formerly known as Scanland'sSquadron.  Scanland's was merged with Wells and became Company A & Bof Wells.
    --  Fold 3, http://fold3.com/image/#9472376, courtesy of Jackson-Greenresearcher Marion Mixon

    When the Civil War began, the Federal troops in Indian Territoryreceived orders from Washington to withdraw to Texas.  The Confederacymoved in to established control and alliances with the Five CivilizedTribes.  The indian Territory became a district of the Confederacy.Ft Gibson, in the western part of Cherokee Nation, had come underCherokee Troops' control when the Federals withdrew in 1857, beforethe war.  The Cherokees were largely taken out of the picture by theirown civil war, as two factions of the tribe disagreed over alignmentand leadership.  This division continues today.

    Chickasaw Nation was closely aligned culturally and economically withthe Confederacy.  A large proportion of the Chickasaws owned slaves,and a high proportion were mixed-blood.  There was a high rate ofWhite-Chickasaw intermarriage, and the Chickasaws were the richest ofthe Five civilized Tribes.  The primary duty of the Texas andConfederate troops assigned to Indian Territory was to protect theallied Nations from the unaligned and unsettled tribes in theunassigned and leased lands.  Jacksons and Greens intermarried withChickasaws in this and later generations.

    Abraham and his family are placed in Wise County, Texas, in 1870, afact I discovered from the death certificate of his granddaughter,Gertie Philpot Handy.  Gertie's death certificate reports the placesof birth of her parents.  Gertie's mother, Alice Jackson Philpot isreported born in 1870 in Wise County, Texas.  Wise County is a fewcounties south of Cooke County (south of Ft Worth), where Abe andTalitha married and were enumerated in the 1870 census.

    There may have been some of Talitha's Green and Barnett family stillliving there at the time.  It is not known if Abe and Talithathemselves had a residence in Wise County.  It is also possible thatonly Talitha went there for the birth.  It could also be that the WiseCounty as Alice's place of birth is an error of faulty memory in theyounger generations of the family, which we have seen in several othercases.  Since there are other family associations with Wise County,that location may have gotten confused in time and events inconsistentwith the actual timeline of Alice's parents' life.

    They were not enumerated in the 1870 census there.  Legal records fromabout 1870 to 1875 also place Abraham in Indian Territory.  Nospecific location is identifiable.

    We started reconstructing this family from the known marriage ofAbraham Jackson and Talitha Green in Cooke County, Texas, in May 1860. We had no family information for Abraham, no father's name or otherclues.  It has involved quite a journey through several states anddiffering genealogies that led back to different starting points.Note that the Moses Jackson in the same household was born inIllinois, and his wife Anna born in Indiana.  This may indicate amigration from the east through the Midwest, or a movement fromGeorgia or Alabama to the Midwest before coming to Texas.  It is alsopossible the name Jackson is only coincidental.

    Some others had made a tentative connection with an Abraham Jasper (orAbraham J) Jackson in Montgomery, Alabama.  There are so many AbrahamJacksons in Alabama, with uncertain connection to similar Jacksonfamilies in Georgia and South Carolina.  Some genealogies have mixeddifferent Jackson family lineages, trying to make Abraham fit intosome Jackson lineage.  This has created confusion on just how toreconstruct the correct family of Abraham Jackson who married TalithaGreen in Texas, and later raised their family in Indian territory andTexas.

    In the 1850 census for Montgomery County, Alabama, an Abraham J'smother has died.  His father Abraham B Jackson is head of thehousehold with all the children at home.  On the same page, livingnearby are three other Jackson households:

    John Jackson and his wife Temperance and 8 children.  John andTemperance were both born in North Carolina, as were their first 3children, so they are probably not directly kin to Abraham's family.

    Lewis Jackson and wife Aramenta L Jackson.  Lewis was born in NorthCarolina, and Aramenta was born in Georgia.  If Lewis married his wifein Georgia, where she had been born, this family could have crossedpaths with Abraham's family in Georgia.

    Lewis and John are age 44 and 42 respectively, and they live next doorto each other.  It seems likely that they are kin, maybe brothers orcousins.  John, though the younger one, married about the same time asLewis, from the ages of their first children.

    Lewis' wife was born in Georgia while the younger John's wife was bornin North Carolina.  All Lewis and Aramenta's children were born inAlabama.  This seems to indicate that Lewis and Aramenta met andmarried in Alabama.

    A third Jackson is 21 year old Philip, who married Elizabeth, now 17,and they have one child William H, only 5 months old at the census.Philip was born in North Carolina, and Elizabeth in Alabama.

    These three Jacksons living next to each other are likely part of thesame family, despite the uncertainty of time when they moved toAlabama.  Philip is likely the son of John and Temperance, as the ageswould match and he is born in NC as the other three older childrenstill in their household.

    I have not yet found a connection to indicate they are kin to ourAbraham and his family.  In 2007 I had found several genealogies thatfilled out the family of Abraham Borland and his son Abraham Jasper inprevious generations. I had followed the mixed clues and includedthese two in my genealogy, with Abraham Jasper as the wife of TalithaJackson.

    In October 2007, I found some other genealogies with more information. A co-researcher on the Jackson-Green lineage, Cindy Beam in NorthCarolina, found some others.  It became clear that the line withAbraham Borland and Abraham Jasper had difficult discrepancies inmatching the family in Texas and Oklahoma.

    We started re-evaluation with Abraham Borland, reported to be thefather of Abraham Jasper Jackson, born in Georgia, though some say hewas born in South Carolina.  Our Greens also came from Georgia, andthe Carolinas before that.  Talitha Green's husband Abraham isreported born in Georgia in the 1860 census, though his daughter's1900 census record says her father was born in Georgia.

    So the two lines may some connections, but none has been found.  Therewere Jackson who married Greens and some of them moved together toArkansas from Georgia.  These Greens are from the same family.  It islikely that the Jacksons who married the Greens then moved to Arkansasare part of the same Jackson line who moved to Texas then marriedGreens out there.

    Other Jacksons have a lineage from Virginia.  Various ones went to thetwo Carolinas, then some went on westward.

    One proposed mother for Abraham was Mary Polly Beavers.  One genealogygives her husband's name as Abraham B Jackson.  The son of Abraham Band Polly Beavers is given the name of Abraham J (or Jasper) Jackson.The set of children, however, match the other lineage of wife ofAbraham Borland Jackson and Mary Hudnall.  A couple more genealogiesfound since have apparently copied this one or vice versa, but I findno discussion or documentation verifying their reconstruction.  Theseare two separate genealogies.  I have been unable to find anyconnection of our Abraham Jackson with either of these families.
    --  Ancestry Trees,http://awtc.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=*v25t1081&id=I296

    Other genealogies that have Mary Polly Beavers as the wife of AbrahamJackson father of Abraham Jackson show the elder Abe's name as AbrahamM, not Abraham B or Abraham Borland.  This seems more likely to be thelineage we are looking for.

    What we can document is that Abraham Jackson is in Gainesville, Texas,and married to Talitha/Delitha Green in 1860.  Tax records in CookeCounty also seem to record his presence under the name A S Jackson andA B S Jackson in 1865 and 1866.

    Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910
    A S Jackson
    Cooke County, Texas 1865, p 10 (penned)
    citing Comptroller's Office, State Archives, Austin
    --  Courtesy of research by Kati Jackson Cain, from FamilySearch,http://familysearch.org accessed 2015

    Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910
    A B S Jackson
    Cooke County, Texas 1866, p 9A (penned & stamped)
    citing Comptroller's Office, State Archives, Austin
    --  Courtesy of research by Kati Jackson Cain, from FamilySearch,http://familysearch.org accessed 2015

    All the later records we find and family information puts them inIndian Territory, not in counties of Tesas farther south.  Anothercousin, Kati Jackson Cain worked with cousins Orville Boyd Jenkins andMarion Mixon to find and analyze clues on the dark period in theChickasaw Nation after the Civil War.  Through onsite research at theChickasaw Cultural Center Reserch Center she was able to find someimportant details, which she lines out below.  Copies of some of thedocuments she mentions are attached to this genealogy and thecorrolary genealogies of this research trio.

    ---------------------
    The Chickasaw Nation issued permits to White citizens so they couldwork and live in the Chickasaw Nation.  We know that the Greens andAbraham and Telitha moved in Chickasaw Nation after 1868.  I havefound permits for "T. Green" and his license is issued under Francis(Colbert) Cochran, now we also know how Daniel Green and FrancisColbert met.  There's also a permit for a William Jackson.  He endedup married to a Chickasaw woman named Annie Donovan.  Here's a link tothe enrollment card he shows up on:
    http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?ti=0&indiv=try&db=ftworthenrollmentcards&h=66885

    His father is shown as James M Jackson.  And guess what?  Three dayslater two permits are issued for J. M. Jackson & family and A. S.Jackson and family.  A. S. Jackson matches the last tax record Abrahamshows up on in Cooke County.  I think this is a pretty good start tomore clues.
    --  Kati Linn Cain, report on findings in Chickasaw National Records,Chickasaw Cultural Center, email to Orville Boyd Jenkins and MarionMixon, 24 October 2015
    ---------------------

    ---------------------
    The Chickasaw Registration information for William H Jackson and hisfamily are included here.  Names on this card are clues to confirmingAbraham's family connectoins, his parents and lineage.

    Dawes Census Cards for Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914
    Residence (1897) Franks, Pontotoc Co, Indian Territory, P O Viola, IT10/31/02
    No 6 P O Coatsworth, IT 4/13/05
    Enrollment 1897 Pontotoc Co p 52 Application for enrollment 5 Sept1898 (yet year in enrollment section is 1897)
    Enrolled 14 Sep 1903:
    Dawes #199, 1 Jackson, William H Age 46, Birth Abt 1851, IntermarriedWhite (p 81) Father James M Jackson, Mother Elizabeth Jackson,non-citizens
    Enrolled 12 Dec 1902:
    Dawes #655, 2 Jackson,  Annie D Wife Card #40 Age 36 F, Birth Abt1864, 1/2 Chickasaw Father Thos Donovan Dead non-citizen, MotherSalina Matubby Dead Pontotoc Co
    Dawes #VOID, 3 Jackson, Viola Dau (NO Card #) Age 21 F, Birth Abt1876, 1/4 Chickasaw Father #1, Mother #2
    Dawes #656 (Cancelled) 4 Colbert H Son Card #24 Age 20, Birth Abt1877, 1/4 Chickasaw (died before enrollment) #1, #2
    Dawes #657, 5 Jackson, Lizzie Card #22 Dau Age 18 F Birth Abt 1879,1/4 Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #658 6 Jackson, Crudip Card #21 Son Age 17 M Birth Abt 1880, 1/4Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #659 7 Jackson, Zenobia Card #28 Dau Age 14 F Birth Abt 1883,1/4 Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #660 8 Jackson, Thomas P Card #15 Son Age 11 M Birth Abt 1880,1/4 Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #661 9 Jackson, Wm Byrd Card #14 Son Age 10 M Birth Abt 1887,1/4 Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #662 10 Jackson, Juanita Card #12 Dau Age 8 F Birth Abt 1889,1/4 Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #663 11 Jackson, Wynona Card #11 Dau Age 7 F Birth Abt 1890, 1/4Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #664 12 Jackson, Othelo Card #7 Son Age 3 M Birth Abt 1894, 1/4Chickasaw  #1, #2
    Dawes #665 13 Jackson, Jerrold W Card #1 Gr Son Age 2mo M (Appears tobe just added), 1/8 Chickasaw  #6, Mother Essie M Jackson non-citizen

    #1 on Chickasaw roll as W H Jackson, married Sept 5 1874
    #4 on Chickasaw roll as Colbert Jackson
    For child of #5 See NB (Apr 26 '06) Card No 461
    #9 on Chickasaw roll as William B Jackson
    #10 on Chickasaw roll as Waneta Jackson
    #11 on Chickasaw roll as Nona W Jackson
    #12 on Chickasaw roll as Othela D
    #6 is now married to Essie M Jackson non-citizen; evidence of marriagefiled May 10, 1902; transferred to Chickasaw #156 Apr 26 1906
    For child of #6 See NB (March 3 '05) #362
    #4 died Nov 19, 1901; Enrollment cancelled by department Dec 28 , 1902
    #3 Transferred to Chickasaw Card #886 with her husband Hindman HBurris Dec 21 1900
    ---------------------

    Betty Jackson Hess, in a letter to Linda Martin Hanks, gives the namesof the children od Abe and talitha.  She mentions only 4 boys as sonsof Abraham and Talitha:  Will (William D), Sam (Samuel Westfall),James (James Toliver) and Ean (Enoch).  Other family sources have thenames Enoch A and Stillar.  I have found Enoch A and his family andchildren's family in Oklahoma and California.

    Another cousin, Cindy's brother Butch Mixon, who got us all togetheron this topic, helped me put together the documentation on SamuelWestfall Jackson and his family, who moved to California in about1915-18.  Some of this family of Jacksons and Greens are still hidingin the missing documentation of Indian Territory.

    We have some indication that Abraham and his family were living inIndian Territory by about 1869, but we do not have clear informationon which Nation.  Abe and Talitha's daughter Winnie Alice was born inIndian Territory, according to the 1900 census in Chickasaw Nation(central and southern Oklahoma).  However, her daughter Gertie PhilpotHandy's death certificate reports that Alice was born in Wise County,Texas.  Either one of these could be based on faulty family memories.Abe's son James Toliver was born farther south in Hill County, Texas,where other members of the Green family have connections in that era.The family may have moved back and forth across the Red River, asother families did.

    In the 1900 Census, Alice is enumerated as the wife of Newton Philpot.

    1900 Federal Census, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, 8 June,Township 8S, Range 2E, District 151. page 4B-5A, Hse #60, Fam #65
    Philpot, Newton Head W M Jan 1868 32 Married 10 yrs MS TN MS FarmLaborer
    Philpot, Alice Wife W F Feb 1870 30 Married 10 yrs Ind Terr  MS GA
    Philpot, L[illegible] Dau W F Dec 1890 9 TX MS  Ind Terr
    Philpot, Gertie T W F Jan 1893 7 Ind Terr  MS  Ind Terr
    Philpot, Samuel C Son W M Oct 1896 3 Ind Terr  MS  Ind Terr
    Jackson, Talitha Mother-in-law  W F Dec 1842  57  Widow  9 children, 6living GA NC NC
    Randolph, Fannie C Sister-in-law  W F May 1881  19  Single Ind TerrTX GA

    Talitha's brother Jacob Green is up north in Cherokee Nation by the1900 census.  Abraham likewise seems to be in eastern Indian Territory(Oklahoma) by 1870, where from that year we find legal documentscharging him and three of his wife's brothers with various crimes.(It is not definite that these are the same individuals, butindications are very similar.)  The place name Oak Lodge shows up inconnection with a Joseph Jackson, who we are not sure is part of ourJackson family.  Oak Lodge is in Choctaw Nation (later LeFlore County,Oklahoma), not far west of Fort Smith, Arkansas.

    The charges and trials are in Van Buren, the government center nearFort Smith, which was the legal court governing the "westernterritories:"  Western Arkansas and Indian Territory.  The extent ofauthority and just what crimes were charged is uncertain, but Americancitizens charged with crimes in parts of Indian Territory apparentlywere charged in this court.  The Fort Smith jurisdiction is famous for"Hanging Judge" Parker, who tried to clean up his part of the WildWest.

    Butch Mixon, a cousin on the Green side, sent me copies of documentsfrom the archives of this court, now a historical landmark in FortSmith.  The archives are indexed on the Internet and paper copies ofwhole case files may be ordered.  There are sources for electronicversions of these also.  Mixon's sister has discovered the documentsindicating this was quite a lawless bunch, consistent with theterritory's reputation.

    The documents we have found document these encounters with the law byAbraham and his brothers-in-law Jacob, Daniel and a Tom Green I cannotidentify with our family in that generation.  With so many similarnames, it does lead us at this stage to think this is the same familygroup.  But we continue to seek more details and backgroundinformation.  There is little detail on that generation in the Greenfamily history.

    Interestingly enough, in the next generation, one of my cousins namedTerry on the other side of the family was a sheriff in Oak Lodge,Choctaw Nation, the main town in what became LeFlore County.  This isthe first county across the border in Oklahoma from Fort Smith.

    There is one somewhat firm indication that Abraham Jackson died about1879.  His son James Toliver remarked at one time to his daughterBetty Jackson Hess that his father (Abe) had died when he (James) wasabout 7 years old.  James was born in 1872.  Abe was not in the 1880census with Talithat, who was reported as a widow.  A couple ofcareless genealogies have attached to Abe a death record for anAbraham Jackson who died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1879.  OurAbraham Jackson never was in Pennsylvania.

Sources

  • 1. Find a Grave Memorial Registry
  • 2. 1860 Federal Census, Cooke County, Texas
    • 21 July, Gainesville, page 59 (scan 254), Hse #484, Fam #502
  • 3. Muster Roff of Capt. John Scanland's Squadron, Co A, Texas CavalryJune 30, 1862-June 30, 1863
  • 4. Death Certificate of Gertie T (Philpot) Handy
    • Certificate #64828
  • 5. Western District of Arkansas and Indian Territory, Court Records
  • 6. Fort Smith, Arkansas, Criminal Case Files, 1866-1900
    • Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2012;
  • 7. Betty Jackson Hess, Letters to Linda Martin Hanks, 1984-85
  • 8. Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910
  • 9. Chickasaw Nation Archives
  • 10. 1850 Federal Census, Montgomery County, Alabama
    • 23 Oct, District 2, p 179B, Hse/Fam #414
  • 11. Ancestry Trees
    • Jackson of Birmingham,
  • 12. Loretta Gregory Gay, personal communication
  • 13. Texas, Marriage Collection, 1814-1909 and 1966-2011
  • 14. Marion L Mixon, Bearden-Langston Genealogy
  • 15. 1910 Federal Census, Parker County, Texas
    • 27 April, Justice Precinct 6, District 83, page 4A, Hightower Valley
  • 16. Death Certificate of Nancy Elizabeth Jackson Martin
  • 17. 1900 Federal Census, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
    • 8 June, District 151, Township 8S, page 5A, Hse #60, Fam #65
  • 18. Gravestone of Jim and Lizzie Jackson, Curtis Cemtery, Weatherford,Parker, Texas
  • 19. Betty Jackson Hess, Letters to Linda Martin Hanks, 1984-85
    • Letter #8
  • 20. 1920 Federal Census, Parker County, Texas
    • 5 February, Precinct 6, District 77, page 8B, Grandbury Weatherford
  • 21. One World Tree (sm)
    • http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/EditMarriage.aspx?pid=49912667&sid=14950
  • 22. 1900 Federal Census, Parker County, Texas
    • 6 June, Justice Precinct 1, District 64, page 3A, Hse/Fam #46
  • 23. Death certificate of James Toliver Jackson
  • 24. Curtis Cemetery (Weatherford, Parker, Texas) Listing
  • 25. 1940 Federal Census, Riverside County, California
    • 24 April, Riverside, District 40, page 65B, Tetley Hotel
  • 26. 1910 Federal Census, Muskogee County, Oklahoma
    • 2 May, Nash Township, District 107, Page 14A,  Hse/Fam #107
  • 27. California Death Index, 1940-1997
  • 28. 1900 Federal Census, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
    • 4 June, F1 Township 8SR1, District 151, p 2A, Hse/Fam #17
  • 29. 1920 Federal Census, Love County, Oklahoma
    • no date, Burney Township, District 124, p 9A, Hse #149, Fam #155
  • 30. 1910 Federal Census, Love County, Oklahoma
    • 15 April, Hickory Township, District 169, p 1A, Hse/Fam #6
  • 31. U.S. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
  • 32. Oklahoma Death Certificate
  • 33. Beverly Mixon Hill
  • 34. Marriage License

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